Gandharvavivaha, Gāndharvavivāha, Gandharva-vivaha, Gandharvavivāha: 6 definitions



Gandharvavivaha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[«previous next»] — Gandharvavivaha in Dharmashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita

Gāndharvavivāha (गान्धर्वविवाह):—The Gāndharva marriage (vivāha).—This is a marriage arising out of the voluntary union of a maiden or her lover which springs from desire and has sexual intercourse for its purpose. It can be compared with the modern love marriage.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gandharvavivaha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gandharvavivāha (गन्धर्वविवाह).—one of the eight forms of marriage described in Ms.3.27 &c.; in this form marriage proceeds entirely from love or the mutual inclination of a youth and maiden without ceremonies and without consulting relatives; it is, as Kālidāsa observes, कथमप्यबान्धवकृता स्नेहप्रवृत्तिः (kathamapyabāndhavakṛtā snehapravṛttiḥ) Ś.4.17.

Derivable forms: gandharvavivāhaḥ (गन्धर्वविवाहः).

Gandharvavivāha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gandharva and vivāha (विवाह).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gandharvavivāha (गन्धर्वविवाह):—[=gandharva-vivāha] [from gandharva] m. ‘the form of marriage peculiar to the Gandharvas’, a marriage proceeding entirely from love without ceremonies and without consulting relatives (allowed between persons of the second or military class)

2) [v.s. ...] cf. [Manu-smṛti iii, 26.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gandharvavivāha (गन्धर्वविवाह):—[gandharva-vivāha] (haḥ) 1. m. Marriage without its ceremonies.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Gandharvavivāha (गन्धर्वविवाह):—m. die Heirathsform der Gandharva 1)a).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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