Vivara: 15 definitions



Vivara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vivar.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vivāra (विवार).—Name given to an external effort in the production of a sound when the vocal chords of the glottis or larynx are extended; cf. कण्ठबिलस्य विकासः विवारः (kaṇṭhabilasya vikāsaḥ vivāraḥ) Uddyota on M. Bh. I. 1.9. cf. also विवरणं कण्ठस्य विस्तरणम् । स एव विवाराख्यः बाह्यः प्रयत्नः । तस्मिन्सति श्वासे नाम बाह्यः प्रयत्नः कियते । तद्ध्वनिसंसर्गादघोषो नाम बाह्यः प्रयत्नो जायते इति शिक्षायां स्मर्यते (vivaraṇaṃ kaṇṭhasya vistaraṇam | sa eva vivārākhyaḥ bāhyaḥ prayatnaḥ | tasminsati śvāse nāma bāhyaḥ prayatnaḥ kiyate | taddhvanisaṃsargādaghoṣo nāma bāhyaḥ prayatno jāyate iti śikṣāyāṃ smaryate) Bhāṣya on T. Pr. II. 5.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Vivara (विवर).—Difference. Note: Vivara is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vivara : (n.) an opening cleft; fissure; flaw.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vivara, (nt.) (fr. vi+vṛ) 1. opening (lit. dis-covering), pore, cleft, leak, fissure Dh. 127 (pabbatānaṃ; cp Divy 532; Miln. 150; PvA. 104); Vism. 192, 262; J. IV, 16; V, 87; DhA. IV, 46 (mukha°); SnA 355; PvA. 152, 283. ‹-› 2. interval, interstice D. I, 56 (quoted at Pv IV. 327); Vism. 185.—3. fault, flaw, defect A. III, 186 sq.; J. V, 376. (Page 637)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vivara (विवर).—n S A hole in the ground; a hole or burrow (as of rats, hares &c.); a cave, cavern, chasm, hollow. 2 In arithmetic. Difference.

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vivāra (विवार).—m S Dilatation or expansion. 2 Expansion of the organs of speech in order to the articulation of vowels and sibilants. See bāhyaprayatna.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vivara (विवर).—n A hole in the ground; a cave.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vivara (विवर).—

1) A fissure, hole, cavity, hollow, vacuity; यच्चकार विवरं शिलाघने ताडकोरसि स रामसायकः (yaccakāra vivaraṃ śilāghane tāḍakorasi sa rāmasāyakaḥ) R.11.18;9. 61;19.7; धीरनादभरितकर्णविवरं प्रिये मदयन्तिके इति व्याहरति (dhīranādabharitakarṇavivaraṃ priye madayantike iti vyāharati) Māl.7.

2) An interstice, interval, intervening space; तानहं विवरं दृष्ट्वा प्राहिण्वं यमसादनम् (tānahaṃ vivaraṃ dṛṣṭvā prāhiṇvaṃ yamasādanam) Mb.3.171.29; Bhāg.5. 1.12; अयमरविवरेभ्यश्चातकैर्निष्पतद्भिः (ayamaravivarebhyaścātakairniṣpatadbhiḥ) Ś.7.7.

3) A solitary place; विवरेऽपि नैनमनिगूढमभिभवितुमेष पारयन् (vivare'pi nainamanigūḍhamabhibhavitumeṣa pārayan) Ki.12.37.

4) A fault, flaw, defect, weak point.

5) A breach, wound.

6) The number 'nine'.

7) Expansion, opening, widening.

8) The lower region (pātāla); ज्योतिषां विवराणां च यथेदमसृजद्विभुः (jyotiṣāṃ vivarāṇāṃ ca yathedamasṛjadvibhuḥ) Bhāg.6.1.5.

-raḥ Expansion.

Derivable forms: vivaram (विवरम्).

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Vivāra (विवार).—

1) Opening, expansion.

2) Expansion of the throat in the articulation of letters, (one of the Ābhyantara Prayatnas, opp. saṃvāra); cf. विवृतमूष्मणां स्वराणां च (vivṛtamūṣmaṇāṃ svarāṇāṃ ca) Sk. on P.I.1.9.

Derivable forms: vivāraḥ (विवारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vivara (विवर).—(1) nt., a fairly high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7853 (= Tibetan yal yol), cited from Gaṇḍavyūha, which in 105.25 has vivana, while Gaṇḍavyūha 133 omits the item; it corresponds to vipatha of Mahāvyutpatti 7727; (2) m. or nt., a much higher number: °raḥ Mahāvyutpatti 7782, °ram 7911, both = Tibetan bsñad yas; the latter cited from Gaṇḍavyūha but not found in either Gaṇḍavyūha list (106 or 133); (3) by corruption for viṃvara or bimbara (q.v.), Lalitavistara 147.22 (but this is cited from Lalitavistara in Mahāvyutpatti 7958—9 as viṃvara, and Lalitavistara itself in 151.3 (verse) has bimbarāś); also Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 409.6 (prose) has in text vivara, intending this same unit as is shown by the preceding kaṅkara; vv.ll. of Saddharmapuṇḍarīka quoted as viśvara, visvara, certainly intending viṃvara or bimbara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivara (विवर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. A hole, a chasm, a vacuity. 2. Fault, defect. 3. Separation, disjunction. 4. A solitary place. 5. The number “nine.” E. vi before vṛñ to choose, to cover, &c., and ac aff.

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Vivāra (विवार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Dilatation, expansion. 2. Open or expanded state of the organs of speech for the articulation of vowels or sibilants. E. vi before vṛ to cover, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivara (विवर).—i. e. vi-vṛ + a, n. 1. Separation. 2. A hole, [Hitopadeśa] 28, 10, M.M.; a chasm, a fissure, [Pañcatantra] 10, 12; a breach, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 105; an interval, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 166; space, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 2, 19. 3. A cave, [Pañcatantra] 241, 1. 4. A vulnerable part, Mahābhārata 9, 3280. 5. A wound, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 11, 18. 6. Fault, defect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivara (विवर).—[masculine] [neuter] opening, hole, fissure, interval, distance, flaw, fault.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vivara (विवर):—[=vi-vara] a vi-varaṇa etc. See under vi- √1. vṛ, p.988.

2) [=vi-vara] [from vi-vṛ] b m. n. a fissure, hole, chasm, slit, cleft, hollow, vacuity (also applied to the apertures of the body and to gaping wounds), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] intermediate space, interstice, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] difference, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Gaṇitādhyāya]

5) [v.s. ...] a breach, fault, flaw, vulnerable or weak point, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

6) [v.s. ...] harm, injury, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] expansion, opening, widening, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of the number ‘nine’ (cf. above and under randhra), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) [v.s. ...] a [particular] high number, [Buddhist literature]

10) Vivāra (विवार):—[=vi-vāra] [from vi-vṛ] m. dilation, expansion, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) open or expanded state of the organs of speech, expansion of the throat in articulation (one of the Ābhyantara-prayatnas or efforts of articulate utterance which take place within the mouth, opp. to saṃ-vāra q.v.), [Pāṇini 1-1, 9 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vivara (विवर):—[vi-vara] (raṃ) 1. n. A hole, flaw; separation.

2) Vivāra (विवार):—[vi-vāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Expansion; broad pronunciation.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vivara (विवर):—(von 1. var mit vi) m. n.

1) Oeffnung, Loch, Spalte [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 1, 1.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1364.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 422.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 219.] [Halāyudha 3, 2.] [Ṛgveda 1, 112, 8.] in der Erde [Mahābhārata 1, 1584.fg.] duryodhanaścāpi mahīṃ praśāsti na cāsya bhūmirvivaraṃ dadāti (wo er ungesehen wäre) [3, 10242.] kathaṃ patitavṛttasya vivaraṃ nāśakaddātuṃ pṛthivī mama [7, 6512.] *Vgl. [WEBER,] Ueber das [RĀMĀYAṆA S. 50. 78.] dharaṇyāṃ vivaraṃ mahat [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 8, 43. 9, 14. 51, 3.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1364.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 11, 15.] mahī [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 28, 14.] sapta bhūvivarāḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 24, 7. 9. 12, 4, 9.] naraka [Prabodhacandrodaja 46, 3.] vindhyādrau māyāvivaramandiram [Kathāsaritsāgara 29, 14.] sahyasya [Harivaṃśa 5335. 9739.] [Śākuntala 166, v. l.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 24, 1.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 17, 8.] śvāvinmūṣaka [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 48, 16.] [Hitopadeśa 14, 17. fg. 25, 16.] [Pañcatantra 241, 1.] dvāravivaraḥ [MAITRYUP. 6, 30.] [Mahābhārata 3, 2930.] gavākṣa [Raghuvaṃśa 19, 7.] [Spr. 1425.] kṛtvākhurvivaram (karaṇḍe) [2012.] aṇḍakaṭāha [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 17, 1.] śarīra [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 46, 18.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 31, 17.] lomnāṃ vivareṣu [PAÑCAR. 2, 2, 39.] netra [Raghuvaṃśa 9, 61.] asthi [Suśruta 1, 96, 18. 97, 9. 264, 5.] antra [277, 14.] vivarākṛti [2, 315, 10.] sva d. i. vāyu so v. a. Nasenloch [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 15, 43.] vadana [Spr. 4540.] śruti [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 69, 10.] kaṇṭha [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 107, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 1, Scholiast] yaccakāra vivaraṃ tāḍakorasi eine klaffende Wunde [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 18.] manasi nṛṇāṃ kusumāyudhasya vidadhatīṃ vivaram [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 2, 6.] stambha Spalte [Pañcatantra 10, 12.] des Weibes [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 6, 5.] —

2) Zwischenraum: dyāvāpṛthivyoḥ [Mahābhārata 7, 236.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 20, 21. 9, 4, 51.] nabhasaḥ [NALOD. 2, 19.] tribhuvana [Prabodhacandrodaja 3, 8.] aravivarebhyaḥ [Śākuntala 166.] dordaṇḍakhaṇḍa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 15, 41.] aṅgulī [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 70.] netrakarṇayoḥ [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 58, 8.] —

3) Abstand, Verschiedenheit: yuvarājamantri [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53, 9. 14.] [GAṆIT.] [BHAGAṆĀDH. 14.] —

4) offene Stelle so v. a. Blösse: darśaka [Spr. (II) 1401.] rakṣedvivaramātmanaḥ [(I) 1569.] pareṣāṃ vivarānugaḥ [4464, v. l.] [Mahābhārata 4, 1503. 1907. 6, 5322. 9, 3280. 10, 499.] —

5) Uebel, Schaden: etanmahatte viravaṃ (wohl vivaraṃ) kriyāhānyā bhaviṣyati [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 126, 14.] = doṣa [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] = dūṣaṇa [Medinīkoṣa] —

6) das Sichäussern, Offenbarwerden: viśeṣavuddheḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 10, 13.] = avakāśa Comm. —

7) n. eine best. grosse Zahl [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 168, 14.] [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 180. 182.] [Mélanges asiatiques 4, 640.] — Vgl. karṇa (auch [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 9, 5]), kāṣṭha, nāsā, nirvivara, roma .

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Vivāra (विवार):—(von 1. var mit vi) m. die Oeffnung der Stimmritze (bei der Aussprache eines Lautes), Gegens. saṃvāra [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 9, Scholiast]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vivara (विवर) [Also spelled vivar]:—(nm) a cavity, cavitation, cave; hole, sinus; -, [nāsikā] nasal cavity; -, [mukha] oral cavity.

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