Ashtavivaha, aka: Aṣṭavivāhā, Ashtan-vivaha, Aṣṭavivāha; 2 Definition(s)


Ashtavivaha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aṣṭavivāhā and Aṣṭavivāha can be transliterated into English as Astavivaha or Ashtavivaha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


[Ashtavivaha in Purana glossaries]

Aṣṭavivāha (अष्टविवाह).—Eight kinds of marriage. (1) Brāhma (2) Daiva (3) Ārṣa (4) Prājāpatya (5) Gāndharva (6) Āsura (7) Rākṣasa (8) Paiśāca. Brāhma is the one where the father gives her daughter with sacred water to a bachelor without accepting anything in return. When the father gives his daughter to the priest at the time of a yāga it is called Daiva. It is Ārṣa if the father gives the daughter and gets in return a cow or bullock. When the father gives the daughter with her blessings it is Prājāpatya. The marriage between two lovers is Gāndharva. It is Āsura when the male takes his mate by force and it is Paiśācika (most cruel and mean) when the girl is taken as his wife when she is in a state of unconsciousness.

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Ashtavivaha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Aṣṭavivāhā (अष्टविवाहा).—बाह्य, दैव, आर्ष, गान्धर्व, राक्षस, प्राजापत्य, आसुर, पैशाच (bāhya, daiva, ārṣa, gāndharva, rākṣasa, prājāpatya, āsura, paiśāca).

Derivable forms: aṣṭavivāhāḥ (अष्टविवाहाः).

Aṣṭavivāhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṣṭan and vivāhā (विवाहा).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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