Vivadin, Vivādin, Vivādī, Vivadi: 16 definitions


Vivadin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vivādī (विवादी, “dissonant”) refers to one of the four classes of musical notes (svara), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. It can also be spelled as Vivādī. Accordingly, “the notes being at an interval of two or twenty śrutis are dissonant (vivādin) e.g. ṛṣabha and gāndhāra, dhaivata and niṣāda”.

Source: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Vivādī (विवादी, “dissonant”).—“Dissonant (vivādī) notes are like enemies”. (Saṅgītamakaranda 2.7) Notes that do not belong to a rāga or, if they do, are used in defiance of its rules are called “dissonant” (vivādī): They destroy the expression. “That which in a given mode breaks the charm is undoubtedly ‘dissonant’ (vivādī) from the notes of that mode.... This vivādī is like an enemy.” (Saṅgītapārijāta 83-84) “Melodic variations that would introduce a vivādī note should always be avoided”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vivādin (विवादिन्) refers to “those playing a musical instrument” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.43 (“Description of Śiva’s wonderful sport”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Immediately the army of Śiva came there consisting of wonderful arrays of Bhūtas, Pretas and Gaṇas.  [...] Some were awful with overgrown moustaches and beards. Some were lame. Some were blind. Some held staffs and nooses and some great iron clubs in their hands. Some rode on peculiar vehicles. Some played on horns (śṛṅganāda-vivādin). Some played on Ḍamarus. Some played on Gomukhas. Some had no faces. Some had distorted and deformed faces. Some had many faces. Some had no hands. Others had deformed hands. Some of them had many hands. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vivadin in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vivadi : (aor. of vivadati) disputed; quarrelled. || vivādī (m.), one who disputes.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Vivādī (विवादी).—a (S) Disputatious, argumentative, contentious.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Vivādī (विवादी).—a Disputatious, argumentative.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vivādin (विवादिन्).—a.

1) Disputing, contending, disputatious, quarrelling.

2) Litigating. -m. A litigant, party in a law suit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivādin (विवादिन्).—mfn. (-dī-dinī-di) Disputing, contending, a litigant. E. vivāda and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivādin (विवादिन्).—i. e. vivāda + in, adj. and sbst. 1. Contending. 2. A party in a lawsuit, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 69.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivādin (विवादिन्).—[adjective] disputing, litigating.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vivādin (विवादिन्):—[=vi-vādin] [from vi-vāda > vi-vad] mfn. disputing, contending

2) [v.s. ...] a litigant, party in a lawsuit, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivādin (विवादिन्):—[(dī-dinī-di) a.] Disputing.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vivadin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vivadi (विवदि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vivṛti.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vivadi (ವಿವದಿ):—[noun] an argument for or against something (as by a lawyer in the court of law).

--- OR ---

Vivādi (ವಿವಾದಿ):—

1) [noun] a man who aruges, debates.

2) [noun] a man who has filed a written, formal plea in a court of law in which a specific court action is sought for.

3) [noun] any of the two musical notes in the same scale that are discordant to each other.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Vivādī (विवादी):—n. 1. one involved in on argument or dispute; 2. the sound that distorts the sentiment;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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