Ayoga, aka: Āyoga, Ayas-ga; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ayoga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Ayoga (अयोग) refers to one of the three types of Śṛṅgāra-rasa (love-sentiment) according to Dhanañjaya (Daśarūpaka IV.50). The ayoga variety of śṛṅgāra, which arises due to the dependent position of one or other of the lovers, though deeply attached to each other, cannot in any way be united, through distance or the intervention of ill-luck, has ten stages of love i.e. daśa-kāmadaśā. This ayoga type of śṛṅgāra may be regarded as a subvariety or the broader class of vipralambha or viprayoga.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Ayoga (अयोग) or Ayogāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Bimbāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Ayoga Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Bimba-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ayoga (अयोग).—What is meant by ayoga? It implies absence of the vibrations of the space points of the soul in an omniscient without activities.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Ayoga in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āyoga : (m.) 1. devotion to; 2. exertion; 3. bandage.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Āyoga, (Sk. āyoga, of ā + yuj; cp. āyutta) — 1. binding, bandage Vin. II, 135; Vv 3341; VvA. 142 (°paṭṭa).—2. yoke Dhs. 1061 (avijj°), 1162.—3. ornament, decoration Nd1 226; J. III, 447 (°vatta, for v. l. °vanta?).—4. occupation, devotion to, pursuit, exertion D. I, 187; Dh. 185 (= payoga-karaṇa DhA. III, 238).—5. (t. t.) obligation, guarantee(?) SnA 179.—Cp. sam°. (Page 106)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ayoga (अयोग).—a.

1) Unconnected with.

2) Indistinctly connected.

3) Making vigorous efforts.

-gaḥ 1 Separation, disjunction, interval.

2) Unfitness, impropriety, incongruity.

3) An improper conjunction.

4) Inefficacy of a remedy or medicine (as of a purgative of emetic).

5) Strong or vigorous effort.

6) Medical treatment against the symptoms.

7) Non-application or misapplication of remedies.

8) A sort of disease (cured by prescribing emetics).

9) A widower; absent lover or husband (vidhura).

1) A hammer (for ayogra, ayoghana).

11) Dislike.

12) A conjunction of two planets (also inauspicious).

13) Falling from the practice of Yoga; दत्तस्त्वयोगादथ योगनाथः (dattastvayogādatha yoganāthaḥ) Bhāg.6.8.16.

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Āyoga (आयोग).—

1) Appointment, entrusting one with something.

2) Action, performance of an act.

3) Offering flowers, perfumes &c.

4) A shore or bank; a quay to which boats are attached.

5) Connection, union; स (sa)शो भ्रमरायोगः प्रदीप इव लक्ष्यते (śo bhramarāyogaḥ pradīpa iva lakṣyate) Rām.

6) Obstruction (rodha).

Derivable forms: āyogaḥ (आयोगः).

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Ayoga (अयोग).—an iron hammer.

Derivable forms: ayogaḥ (अयोगः).

Ayoga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ayas and ga (ग).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āyoga (आयोग).—m. (= Pali id.; in sense 1 Sanskrit Lex., and acc. to BR once in Rām., but acc. to pw bhramarāyoga there means Bienenschwarm), (1) practice (of), application (to), with loc. or as posterior in cpd.: sukhallikāyoga, addiction to pleasures (otherwise °kānuyoga, which alone seems to be known in Pali), see s.v. sukhallikā, LV 407.22; 416.16; adhicitte ca āyoga(ḥ) Ud xxxii.27(32) (= Pali Dhp. 185, same text); (2) in SP 102.4 (prose) (dhanikaḥ) syād āyoga- prayoga-kṛṣi-vaṇijya-prabhūtaś ca bhavet, and in cor- responding verse 111.9 prayoga āyoga…; here both āyoga and prayoga apparently mean different kinds of business activity; acc. to Tibetan it seems that āyoga = ḥdu ba, accumulation (of wealth), prayoga = ḥphel ba, increase (query: by usury?), but acc. to Das also accumulation, col- lection, excess.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ayoga (अयोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Separation, disjunction. 2. A widower, an absent lover or husband. 3. Unfitness, unsuitableness. 4. Medical treatment, counter to the symptoms. 5. Consistent treatment, non-mixture of opposite qualities. 6. Dislike, aversion to any thing. 7. Vigorous effort, exertion. 8. An iron hammer. E. a neg. and yoga union; or ayas iron, and ga what goes, or is.

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Āyoga (आयोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Presenting or offering flowers, perfumes, &c. 2. Action, the performance of an act. 3. A shore or bank. E. āṅ before yuj to join, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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