Karunarasa, aka: Karuna-rasa, Karuṇarasa; 4 Definition(s)
Karunarasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Karuṇarasa (करुणरस) refers to the “pathetic sentiment” used in dramatic performance (nāṭya). It is a Sanskrit compound composed of the words of karuṇa (pathetic) and rasa (‘sentiment’). This sentiment is produced from a combination of determinants, consequents and complementary psychological states.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Karuṇarasa (करुणरस) refers to the “pathetic sentiment” or the “sentiment of pathos” as defined by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century).—The basic feeling of karuṇa is sorrow (śoka) and it is generated by excitants (vibhāva) like bereavement of near and dear ones, ensuants (anubhāva) like shedding of tears and variants like debility etc. Though Cirañjīva has not mentioned the colour and deity of karuṇa-rasa, Viśvanātha, the author of the Sāhityadarpaṇa, has mentioned pigion coloured (kapata) as the colour of karuṇa-rasa and the presiding deity is the god of death (Yama). Cirañjīva has classified bereavement (viprayoga) into two types—one is created by one’s going to a distant place and the other is caused by death.
Examaple of the sentiment of pathos (karuṇa-rasa):—
ayi jīvita! pāmaro’ paro bhavatā ko’pi samo na vikṣyate |
yadupekṣya bhavān sthito divaṃ gatamekākitayā nijesvaram ||
“On life! no other is seen to be wicked equal to you, as you are alive alone ignoring the fact that your own lord has gone to heaven.” (Mādhavacampū)
Notes: This is the speech of Campakokarikā at the sight of her husband lying dead in the battle field. In this verse the departing of Campakokarikā’s beloved husband is excitant, the debility on the part of Campakokarikā is the variant. With these the sentiment of pathos (karuṇarasa) has been manifested.(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Languages of India and abroad
karuṇārasa (करुणारस).—m (S) One of the nine rasa or sentiments, that of Compassion. See rasa.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
karuṇārasa (करुणारस).—m Pathos.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 3 books and stories containing Karunarasa, Karuna-rasa or Karuṇarasa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.126 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Part 4 - Compassion (karuṇa-rasa) < [Northern Ocean: Indirect Loving Relationships]
Verse 4.4.3 < [Part 4 - Compassion (karuṇa-rasa)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Treatment for fever (118): Girisha-karuna rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Treatment for fever (133): Parvati-karuna rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)