Samagama, aka: Sāmagāma, Samāgama; 7 Definition(s)


Samagama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Samāgama (समागम).—Concourse, coming in close quarters; cf. साङ्गसमागमे (sāṅgasamāgame) R.T.224

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Samagama. A Sakiyan village where the Samagama Sutta (below) was preached (M.ii.243). There was a lotus pond in the village (A.iii.309).

The Vedhanna probably lived there, because, according to the Pasadika Sutta (D.iii.117), the Buddha was in the mango grove of the Vedhanna Sakiyans when the news, as given in the Samagama Sutta, of Nigantha Nataputtas death, was brought to him.

According to Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.829) the village was called Samagama, Samakanam ussanatta.

1. Samagama Sutta. While the Buddha is at Samagama, news is brought to Ananda by Cunda Samanuddesa of the death of Nigantha Nataputta at Pava, and of the division of his followers into two factions engaged in fighting each other. Ananda gives the news to the Buddha, who asks if there be any difference of opinion among monks regarding the Buddhas teaching. No, answers Ananda, but adds that such differences may arise after the Buddhas death. The Buddha says that quarrels regarding rigours of regimen or of the Vinaya are of little concern. It is quarrels regarding the Path or the course of training that are really important. He then explains the six causes from which disputes grow, the four adjudications (adhikarana) regarding disputes, and the seven settlements of adjudication- by giving a summary verdict in the presence of the parties, a verdict of innocence, of past insanity; confession may be admitted; a chapters decision may be taken; there is also specific wickedness and there is covering up. Then there are six things which lead to conciliations: acts of love, words of love, sharing equally whatever gifts one receives, strict practice of virtue without flaw or blemish, and the holding of noble views which make for salvation (M.ii.243 51; cf. the Pasadika Sutta).

Buddhaghosa adds (MA.ii.840) that, while in the Kosambiya Sutta the Sotapattimagga is called sammaditthi, in this sutta, Sotapattiphala itself is so called.

2 Samagama Sutta. The Buddha was once staying near the lotus pond at Samagama and late at night is visited by a deva. After saluting the Buddha, he states that there are three things which lead to a monks failure:

delight in worldly activity delight in talk delight in sleep

So saying, he departs. The next day the Buddha relates to the monks the Devas statement and adds three other things which lead to failure:

delight in company evil speaking friendship with bad men. A.iii.309f.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

samāgama : (m.) meeting with; an assembly.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Samāgama, (saṃ+āgama) meeting, meeting with, intercourse A. II, 51; III, 31; Miln. 204; cohabitation D. II, 268; meeting, assembly J. II, 107; Miln. 349; DhA. III, 443 (three: yamaka-pāṭihāriya°; dev’orohaṇa°; Gaṅgārohaṇa°). (Page 684)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

samāgama (समागम).—m (S) Company, society, coming or being together generally: also conjunction, combination, coalition, consociation: also concurrence or concert; concomitance, consubsistence &c. samāgamēṃ With, together with, along with.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samāgama (समागम).—m Company. Conjunction, coa- lition.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samāgama (समागम).—

1) Union, meeting, encountering, combination; अहो दैवगतिश्चित्रा तथापि न समागमः (aho daivagatiścitrā tathāpi na samāgamaḥ) K. P.7; R.8.4, 92;19.16.

2) Intercourse, association, society; as in सत्समागमः (satsamāgamaḥ).

3) Approach, arrival.

4) Conjuction (in astr.).

Derivable forms: samāgamaḥ (समागमः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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