Samagama, Sāmagāma, Samāgama, Sama-gama: 19 definitions


Samagama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Samāgama (समागम).—Concourse, coming in close quarters; cf. साङ्गसमागमे (sāṅgasamāgame) R.T.224

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Samagama in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Samāgama (समागम) refers to the “union (of wind and fire)”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 8.3-4.—Accordingly: “Having experienced his great consecration with water gathered by Vasiṣṭha, the earth seemed to express her contentment with clear sighs. When the ritual had been performed for him by the guru who knew the Atharvaveda, he became unassailable by his enemies, for when Brahman is united with the power of weapons it is a union of wind and fire (pavanāgni-samāgama)”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Samāgama (समागम) refers to a particular type of Planetary Conjunction, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 17) (“On planetary conjunctions—grahayuddha”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If both planets should be equallly bright, large and shining, the conjunction is known as Samāgama—mere meeting as opposed to a meeting in fight. In such cases there is a mutual liking between the planets and hence also between the persons and objects they represent; but if both planets should be otherwise, the same persons and objects will perish”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Samagama. A Sakiyan village where the Samagama Sutta (below) was preached (M.ii.243). There was a lotus pond in the village (A.iii.309).

The Vedhanna probably lived there, because, according to the Pasadika Sutta (D.iii.117), the Buddha was in the mango grove of the Vedhanna Sakiyans when the news, as given in the Samagama Sutta, of Nigantha Nataputtas death, was brought to him.

According to Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.829) the village was called Samagama, Samakanam ussanatta.

1. Samagama Sutta. While the Buddha is at Samagama, news is brought to Ananda by Cunda Samanuddesa of the death of Nigantha Nataputta at Pava, and of the division of his followers into two factions engaged in fighting each other. Ananda gives the news to the Buddha, who asks if there be any difference of opinion among monks regarding the Buddhas teaching. No, answers Ananda, but adds that such differences may arise after the Buddhas death. The Buddha says that quarrels regarding rigours of regimen or of the Vinaya are of little concern. It is quarrels regarding the Path or the course of training that are really important. He then explains the six causes from which disputes grow, the four adjudications (adhikarana) regarding disputes, and the seven settlements of adjudication- by giving a summary verdict in the presence of the parties, a verdict of innocence, of past insanity; confession may be admitted; a chapters decision may be taken; there is also specific wickedness and there is covering up. Then there are six things which lead to conciliations: acts of love, words of love, sharing equally whatever gifts one receives, strict practice of virtue without flaw or blemish, and the holding of noble views which make for salvation (M.ii.243 51; cf. the Pasadika Sutta).

Buddhaghosa adds (MA.ii.840) that, while in the Kosambiya Sutta the Sotapattimagga is called sammaditthi, in this sutta, Sotapattiphala itself is so called.

2 Samagama Sutta. The Buddha was once staying near the lotus pond at Samagama and late at night is visited by a deva. After saluting the Buddha, he states that there are three things which lead to a monks failure:

delight in worldly activity delight in talk delight in sleep

So saying, he departs. The next day the Buddha relates to the monks the Devas statement and adds three other things which lead to failure:

delight in company evil speaking friendship with bad men. A.iii.309f.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Sāmagāma (सामगाम) is the name of ancient Śākya village in the vicinity of Kapilavatthu: an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Kapilavatthu the capital of the Śākya country, named after the Ṛṣi Kapila. The Lalitavistara calls [Kapilavatthu as] Kapilavastu and sometimes Kapilapura or Kapilāhvayapura. According to Yuan Chwang it was about 500 li south-east from the neighbourhood of Srāvastī. Besides Kapilavastu there were also other Śākya towns: Cātumā, Sāmagāma, Ulumpā, Devadaha, Sakkara, Sīlavatī and Khomadussa.

The Buddha once dwelt in the Sakka country in Sāmagāma and delivered the Sāmagāma Sutta. The Aṅguttara Nikāya also tells us that the Buddha once dwelt at Sāmagāmaka in the country of the Śākyas on the bank of a tank.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samagama in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samāgama : (m.) meeting with; an assembly.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samāgama, (saṃ+āgama) meeting, meeting with, intercourse A. II, 51; III, 31; Miln. 204; cohabitation D. II, 268; meeting, assembly J. II, 107; Miln. 349; DhA. III, 443 (three: yamaka-pāṭihāriya°; dev’orohaṇa°; Gaṅgārohaṇa°). (Page 684)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samāgama (समागम).—m (S) Company, society, coming or being together generally: also conjunction, combination, coalition, consociation: also concurrence or concert; concomitance, consubsistence &c. samāgamēṃ With, together with, along with.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samāgama (समागम).—m Company. Conjunction, coa- lition.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samāgama (समागम).—

1) Union, meeting, encountering, combination; अहो दैवगतिश्चित्रा तथापि न समागमः (aho daivagatiścitrā tathāpi na samāgamaḥ) K. P.7; R.8.4, 92;19.16.

2) Intercourse, association, society; as in सत्समागमः (satsamāgamaḥ).

3) Approach, arrival.

4) Conjuction (in astr.).

Derivable forms: samāgamaḥ (समागमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāgama (समागम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Union, junction. 2. Arrival, approach. 3. Association, acquaintance, intercourse. 4. Encountering, meeting. 5. (In astronomy,) The occultation of a star. E. sam with, āgama coming.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāgama (समागम).—[sam-ā-gam + a], m. 1. Arrival, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 10, 21 (return); approach. 2. Union, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 29; junction, [Pañcatantra] 128, 3; assembly, [Pañcatantra] 196, 16. 3. Association, intercourse, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 42, M. M. 4. Encountering, meeting, [Pañcatantra] 161, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāgama (समागम).—[masculine] coming together, meeting, union, intercourse (also sexual) with ([genetive], [instrumental] ±saha, or —°); assembly, company.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samāgama (समागम):—[=sam-āgama] [from samā-gam] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) coming together (either in a hostile or friendly manner), union (also sexual), junction, encounter or meeting with ([instrumental case] with or without saha, [genitive case], [rarely] [locative case], or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] association, assembly of ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] conjunction (of planets), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] approach, arrival, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāgama (समागम):—[samā+gama] (maḥ) 1. m. Arrival; union; intercourse; encounter; the occultation of a star.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samagama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samagama in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samāgama (समागम) [Also spelled samagam]:—(nm) arrival; intercourse.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Samāgama (समागम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Samāgam.

2) Samāgama (समागम) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Samāgam.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samāgama (ಸಮಾಗಮ):—

1) [noun] the act of joining, uniting or being joined, united; union.

2) [noun] a coming face to face with; a meeting.

3) [noun] a sexual union; coition.

4) [noun] (astron.) a conjugation of two or more planets in a zodiacal house.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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