Vidyut, Vidyud: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Vidyut means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Vidyut (विद्युत्, “lightning”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Mudreśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Vidyut (विद्युत्) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Vidyut) various roles suitable to them.

2) Vidyut (विद्युत्) is a Sanskrit word referring “lightning”, which kills the daityas (demons). Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-93, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).

As such, Brahmā assigned Vidyut to the Mattavāraṇī (two side corridors of the stage used for peripheral acting or partial entry/exit). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.

3) Vidyut is to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (e.g., to Vidyut).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Vidyut (विद्युत्) refers to “lightning” and represents a type of Ādhidaivika pain, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhidaivika and its subdivisions (e.g., vidyut) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhyātmika and ādhibhautika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vidyut (विद्युत्).—A son of Yātudhāna: father of Rasana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 89 and 95.

1b) A R. of the Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 73.

1c) A Rākṣasa, residing in the mārgaśīrṣa in the sun's chariot.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 13.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Vidyut (विद्युत्) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Vidyut has 17 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 4, 5, 4 and 4 mātrās or 4, 4, 4 and 5 mātrās.

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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vidyut (विद्युत्) refers to “lightning flashes”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (12) Above that is the supreme Power (śakti) whose form is that of a triangle. Subtle, subtle and subtler, it shines like millions of lightning flashes [i.e., vidyut-koṭi-samaprabhā]. [...] (Perfect) contemplation (samādhi) is with (these) sixteen aspects and is (attained) within the form of the sixfold deposition (ṣoḍhānyāsa). He who knows this is (a veritable) Lord of Yogis, the others (who do not) are (just) quoting from books. Once attained the plane that is Void and Non-void, the yogi is freed from bondage”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vidyut (विद्युत्) refers to “lightning”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If, at rising, the sun should be crossed by the fall of an aerolite, or thunderbolt, or by lightning [i.e., vidyut], the reigning prince will die and a foreign prince will succeed. If, for several days, there should appear a halo round the sun both at rising and setting or if the sun should, at such periods, be of blood color, the reigning sovereign will be dethroned and a foreign prince will succeed.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vidyut (विद्युत्) refers to “(the outer suffering of) lightning”, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI in the section called “four foundations of mindfulness (smṛtyupasthāna)”.—Accordingly:—“[...] there are two kinds of suffering (duḥkha): inner suffering and outer suffering. [...] Outer suffering (bāhyaduḥkha) is of two types: i) the king (rājan), the victorious enemy (vijetṛ), the wicked thief (caura), the lion (siṃha), tiger (vyāghra), wolf (vṛka), snake (sarpa) and other nuisances (viheṭhana); ii) the wind (vāta), rain (vṛṣṭi), cold (śīta), heat (uṣṇa), thunder (meghagarjita), lightning (vidyut), thunderbolts, etc: these two kinds of suffering are outer suffering”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidyut (विद्युत्).—f S Lightning.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vidyut (विद्युत्).—f Lightning. vidyutpāta m The falling of lightning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidyut (विद्युत्).—1 Ā.

1) To shine, sparkle, be bright; व्यद्योतिष्ट सभावेद्यामसौ नरशिखित्रयी (vyadyotiṣṭa sabhāvedyāmasau naraśikhitrayī) Śi.2.3;1.2.

2) To light, illuminate (usually caus. in this sense).

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Vidyut (विद्युत्).—f.

1) Lightning; वाताय कपिला विद्युत् (vātāya kapilā vidyut) Mahābhārata ; Ms.5.95; मा भूदेवं क्षणमपि सखे विद्युता विप्रयोगः (mā bhūdevaṃ kṣaṇamapi sakhe vidyutā viprayogaḥ) Me.117,4.

2) A thunderbolt.

3) The dawn.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidyut (विद्युत्).—f. (-dyut) 1. Lightning. 2. A thunderbolt. E. vi intensitive or privative, and dyuta light, lustre, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidyut (विद्युत्).—[vi-dyut], f. Lightning, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 76.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidyut (विद्युत्).—[adjective] gleaming, glittering; [feminine] lightning or a shining weapon.

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Vidyut (विद्युत्).—beam, glitter, shine forth ([impersonally] vi/dyotate it lightens), also = [Causative] illumine, irradiate.

Vidyut is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and dyut (द्युत्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidyut (विद्युत्):—[=vi-dyut] [from vi] 1a mfn. (for 2. See under vi-√dyut) devoid of splendour, lustreless, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [=vi-√dyut] 1b [Ātmanepada] -dyotate ([Vedic or Veda] also [Parasmaipada]), to flash forth, lighten, shine forth (as the rising sun), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (vi-dyotate, ‘it lightens’; vi-dyotamāne, ‘when it lightens’);

2) —to hurl away by a stroke of lightning, [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to illuminate, [Mahābhārata] :

2) —[Causal] -dyotayati, to illuminate, irradiate, enlighten, make brilliant, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.:

2) —[Intensive] (only. vi-davidyutat) to shine brightly, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [from vi-dyut] 2. vidyut mfn. flashing, shining, glittering, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] Samādhi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of an Asura, [Catalogue(s)]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] f. lightning (rarely n.), a flashing thunderbolt (as the weapon of the Maruts), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

8) [v.s. ...] f. the dawn, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of the four daughters of Prajā-pati Bahuputra, [Harivaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] a species of the Ati-jagatī metre, [Colebrooke]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidyud (विद्युद्):—[from vi-dyut] in [compound] for 2. vidyut.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidyut (विद्युत्):—(t) 5. f. Lightning.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vidyut (विद्युत्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vijjaliyā, Vijju, Vijjuā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidyut in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vidyut (विद्युत्):—(nm) electricity, electro-, power; lightning; ~[t-apaghaṭana] electrolysis; ~[t-apaghaṭanī] electrolytic; ~[t-apaghaṭya] electrolyte; ~[t-cuṃbaka] electro-magnet; ~[tana, ~tīkaraṇa] electrification; ~[t-viśeṣajña] an electrician; ~[t-viśleṣaṇa] electrolysis; ~[t-śakti] power; ~[t-sakriya] electro-active; ~[dagra] electrode; ~[daṇu] an electron; ~[dghāta] electocution; ~[dvāhaka] electromotive; ~[nmaya] electrified; ~[nmāpī] electrometer; ~[nmiti] electrometry.

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