Vidyut; 8 Definition(s)


Vidyut means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vidyut (विद्युत्, “lightning”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Mudreśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Vidyut (विद्युत्) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Vidyut) various roles suitable to them.

2) Vidyut (विद्युत्) is a Sanskrit word referring “lightning”, which kills the daityas (demons). Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-93, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).

As such, Brahmā assigned Vidyut to the Mattavāraṇī (two side corridors of the stage used for peripheral acting or partial entry/exit). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.

3) Vidyut is to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Vidyut).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vidyut in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vidyut (विद्युत्) refers to “lightning” and represents a type of Ādhidaivika pain, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhidaivika and its subdivisions (eg., vidyut) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhyātmika and ādhibhautika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

1a) Vidyut (विद्युत्).—A son of Yātudhāna: father of Rasana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 89 and 95.

1b) A R. of the Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 73.

1c) A Rākṣasa, residing in the mārgaśīrṣa in the sun's chariot.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vidyut (विद्युत्).—f S Lightning.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidyut (विद्युत्).—f Lightning. vidyutpāta m The falling of lightning.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidyut (विद्युत्).—1 Ā.

1) To shine, sparkle, be bright; व्यद्योतिष्ट सभावेद्यामसौ नरशिखित्रयी (vyadyotiṣṭa sabhāvedyāmasau naraśikhitrayī) Śi.2.3;1.2.

2) To light, illuminate (usually caus. in this sense).

--- OR ---

Vidyut (विद्युत्).—f.

1) Lightning; वाताय कपिला विद्युत् (vātāya kapilā vidyut) Mbh.; Ms.5.95; मा भूदेवं क्षणमपि सखे विद्युता विप्रयोगः (mā bhūdevaṃ kṣaṇamapi sakhe vidyutā viprayogaḥ) Me.117,4.

2) A thunderbolt.

3) The dawn.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidyut (विद्युत्).—f. (-dyut) 1. Lightning. 2. A thunderbolt. E. vi intensitive or privative, and dyuta light, lustre, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the...
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Vidyutpriya (विद्युत्प्रिय).—n. (-yaṃ) Bell-metal. E. vidyut lightning, and priya beloved.
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Vidyutkampa (विद्युत्कम्प).—a flash of lightning. Derivable forms: vidyutkampaḥ (विद्युत्कम्पः)...
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Vidyudunmeṣa (विद्युदुन्मेष).—a flash of lightning. Derivable forms: vidyudunmeṣaḥ (विद्युदुन्म...
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