Varti, Vartī: 11 definitions



Varti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Varti (वर्ति) refers to “collyrium” and is dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations (viz., varti) which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Varti (वर्ति, “pill”) is another name for Gulikā, a Sanskrit technical term appearing in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—When the powdered drugs are mixed with the syrup of jaggary, sugar or guggulu or ground with water, milk or svarasa and made balls and dried it is known as Guḷikā [Gulikā]. Vaṭaka, vaṭi, modaka, vaṭikā, piṇḍī and varti are its synonyms.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Varti (वर्ति):—Synonym of vati-pill with change in shape worm like

2) Wick like project

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics (rasashastra)

Varti (Eye wick): It is made by grinding fine powders of herbs with recommended liquids to form a soft paste. These medicines are made exclusively against eye diseases. Example: Candrodaya-varti.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Varti (suppository) is a Sanskrit term used in Ayurveda.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varti (वर्ति) or Vartī (वर्ती).—f. [vṛt-in vā ṅīp Uṇ.4.13,135]

1) Anything wrapped round, a pad, roll.

2) An unguent, ointment, eye-salve, collyrium or any cosmetic (in the form of a ball or pill); सा पुनर्मम प्रथमदर्शनात्प्रभृत्यमृतवर्तिरिव चक्षुषोरानन्दमुत्पादयन्ती (sā punarmama prathamadarśanātprabhṛtyamṛtavartiriva cakṣuṣorānandamutpādayantī) Māl.1; इयगमृतवर्तिर्नयनयोः (iyagamṛtavartirnayanayoḥ) U.1.38; कर्पूरवर्तिरिव लोचनतापहन्त्री (karpūravartiriva locanatāpahantrī) Bv.3.16; Vb.1.

3) The wick of a lamp; उज्ज्वलालोकया स्निग्धा त्वया त्यक्ता न राजते । मलीमस- मुखी वर्तिः प्रदीपशिखया यथा (ujjvalālokayā snigdhā tvayā tyaktā na rājate | malīmasa- mukhī vartiḥ pradīpaśikhayā yathā) || Māl.1.4; a lamp.

4) The projecting threads or unwoven ends (of a cloth). the fringe.

5) A magical lamp.

6) The protuberance round a vessel.

7) A surgical instrument (such as a bougie).

8) A streak, line.

9) Swelling in the throat.

1) A swelling formed by internal rupture.

Derivable forms: vartiḥ (वर्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Varti (वर्ति).—(= Sanskrit vartikā, which also means wick = Sanskrit varti), paintbrush: sūkṣma-varti-pratigṛhītapāṇir anāyāsa- cittaḥ taṃ paṭam ālikhet (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 61.21 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varti (वर्ति).—vartī (vb. vṛt), f. 1. Perfume for the person. 2. The wick of a lamp, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 11, 8 (ti). 3. A line, a ruled line. 4. A magic ball, [Pañcatantra] 241, 2 (ti), sqq.(?). 5. The ends of a cloth. 6. A sort of collyrium, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 14, 14; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 24, 12 (amṛta-varti, consisting of nectar). 7. A bougie.

Varti can also be spelled as Vartī (वर्ती).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varti (वर्ति).—[feminine] a pad or kind of bandage on a wound; wick of a lamp; paint, ointment, [especially] eye-salve.

--- OR ---

Vartī (वर्ती).—[feminine] a pad or kind of bandage on a wound; wick of a lamp; paint, ointment, [especially] eye-salve.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varti (वर्ति):—[from varta] 1. varti f. = vartī

2) Vartī (वर्ती):—[from varti > varta] a f. anything rolled or wrapped round, a pad, a kind of bandage bound round a wound, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] any cosmetic prepared from various substances (used as a remedy in the form of a paste or pill), [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] ointment, unguent, collyrium, [Uttararāma-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] a suppository, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] the wick of a lamp, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) [v.s. ...] a magical wick, [Pañcatantra]

8) [v.s. ...] a limp, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] the projecting threads or unwoven ends of woven cloth, a kind of fringe, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a projecting rim or protuberance round a vessel, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

11) [v.s. ...] a swelling or poly. pus in the throat, [Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] a swelling or protuberance formed by internal rupture, [ib.] (cf. mūtra-v)

13) [v.s. ...] a surgical instrument, bougie, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] a streak, line (See dhūma-v).

15) Varti (वर्ति):—[from varta] 2. varti in [compound] for vartin.

16) Vartī (वर्ती):—[from varta] b = varti1 q.v.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Varti (वर्ति):—[Uṇādisūtra 4, 118.] varti [140.] und vartī (von vart) f. [Siddhāntakaumudī.248.a,3.] allerlei (insbes. länglich) Gerolltes.

1) Bäuschchen oder ähnliche Einlage in eine Wunde [Suśruta 1, 16, 7.] picu [54, 18. 55, 5. 6. 9. 2, 3, 18. 8, 21.] vāla [2, 23, 15. fg.] —

2) Stengelchen, Paste, Pille als Form für Heilmittel und Wohlgerüche, auch für Errhina, [Suśruta 1, 132, 18. 133, 16.] aṅguṣṭhamātra [2. 89, 5. 130, 6. 233, 6. 14. 19. 325, 11. 17. 339, 16. 19. 347, 7. 353, 2. 357, 10. 12.] kṛtvā pāyau vidhātavyā vartayo maricottarāḥ Stuhlzöpfchen [456, 5. 501. 15.] vartīkṛta [331, 6.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 2, 7, 1.] ropaṇī [Oxforder Handschriften 311,b,24.] = bheṣajanirmāṇa [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 192. fg.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 55.] oxyt. = yogakarmavidhi [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 4, 140.] —

3) Docht, parox. [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 4. 118.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 183.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] vartyādhārasnehayogādyathā dīpasya saṃsthitiḥ [MAITRYUP. 6, 36] [?= Spr. 4974. Mahābhārata 4, 716] (vartī). [Suśruta 2, 67, 9.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53, 94. 84, 1.] [BṚH. 5, 18.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 34, 98.] [Oxforder Handschriften 267], b, [15.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 11, 8.] Zauberdocht [Pañcatantra 241, 8. 9.] vollständig sādhaka [2.] siddhi (so ist zu lesen) [6.] —

4) Lampe [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

5) die am Ende eines Gewebes hervorragenden Zettelfäden (daśā, was auch Docht bedeutet) [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 667.] [Halāyudha 2, 396.] —

6) Wulst oder Stab, der um ein Gefäss läuft, [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 16, 3, 30. fg.] —

7) Zäpfchen, Polyp oder dgl. im Halse [Suśruta 1, 308, 6. 2, 261, 20.] —

8) der durch einen Unterleibsbruch gebildete Wulst [Suśruta 2, 21, 9.] mūtra Hodensackbruch [134, 14.] —

9) Schminke [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 3, 35.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 639.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] pāṇināmṛtavartinā -ālikhya [Kathāsaritsāgara 55, 67.] Augensalbe [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] iyamamṛtavartirnayanayoḥ [UTTARAR. 18, 4 (24, 12).] [MĀLATĪM. 14, 4.] —

10) Streifen, = lekhā [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] amuñcaccāsitāṃ sūryo dhūmavartim [Harivaṃśa 12792.] — Vgl. piṣṭa, phala, varṇa .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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