Varti, Vartin, Vartī: 25 definitions


Varti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics (rasashastra)

Varti (Eye wick): It is made by grinding fine powders of herbs with recommended liquids to form a soft paste. These medicines are made exclusively against eye diseases. Example: Candrodaya-varti.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Varti (वर्ति) refers to “collyrium” and is dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations (viz., varti) which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Varti (वर्ति, “pill”) is another name for Gulikā, a Sanskrit technical term appearing in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—When the powdered drugs are mixed with the syrup of jaggary, sugar or guggulu or ground with water, milk or svarasa and made balls and dried it is known as Guḷikā [Gulikā]. Vaṭaka, vaṭi, modaka, vaṭikā, piṇḍī and varti are its synonyms.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Varti (वर्ति):—Synonym of vati-pill with change in shape worm like

2) Wick like project

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vartin (वर्तिन्).—From वर्त (varta) which means a compound;see वर्त (varta), (l) The term वर्तिन् (vartin) or

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Varti (वर्ति) or Dhūmravarti refers to the “wick of smoke”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] The Wick of Smoke (dhūmra-varti) that is said to rise up into the End of the Twelve is above the Great Cavity (mahārandhra) and travels (upwards for the span of) of twelve fingers. The supreme Transmission (krama), realised by Being (bhāvagamya), stands perpetually present at its extremity. The Yogi should worship the divine Transmission there by moving (through these) stages (padacāreṇa)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaiva philosophy

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Vartin (वर्तिन्) refers to “that which is located (inside the house)”, according to the Vṛtti on the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.165.—Accordingly, “In ‘To this [objection we] reply …,’ [Utpaladeva] answers [the objection] with [the following] in mind. The externality of the pot is not thus one [and the same whether it is considered] with respect to the village or with respect to consciousness; for that which is external to consciousness consists in that which is not consciousness, whereas that which is external to the house does not consist in that which is not a house! For if that were the case, a particular element of the house—such as a wall—or a pot, for example, although it is located inside the house (gṛhāntar-vartin), should be external to the house [since they are not the house itself]; and it is not so.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vartin (वर्तिन्) refers to “one who abides” (in one’s own undivided self), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] By means of an absorption for nine nights, [the Yogin] who abides (vartin) in his own undivided self has the Siddhi of speech, which can effect a favour or curse. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Varti (suppository) is a Sanskrit term used in Ayurveda.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Varti (वर्ति) refers to a “wick”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Lord spoke the following verses to the Bodhisattva Puṇyālaṃkāra: ‘[...] (235) Even though the Bodhisattva places a lamp on shrines dedicated to the Victorious One, which is filled with perfumed oil like the ocean in ten directions and made of a wick (varti) like the Mount Sumeru, if there is someone who, having known that the whole world is covered by darkness, upholds this dharma taught by the Victorious One when the lamp of the dharma is extinguished, then his merit would be better. [...]’”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vartin (वर्तिन्) refers to “residents” (e.g., beings who reside in the three worlds), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the difference (bhinnatvam) of material objects for the one residing in the three worlds (trailokyavartipadārthānāṃ)]—Also, fool, having passed beyond their own nature, all beings who reside in the three worlds (trailokya-vartin) exist separately at all times”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Varti (वर्ति) or Vartī (वर्ती).—f. [vṛt-in vā ṅīp Uṇādi-sūtra 4.13,135]

1) Anything wrapped round, a pad, roll.

2) An unguent, ointment, eye-salve, collyrium or any cosmetic (in the form of a ball or pill); सा पुनर्मम प्रथमदर्शनात्प्रभृत्यमृतवर्तिरिव चक्षुषोरानन्दमुत्पादयन्ती (sā punarmama prathamadarśanātprabhṛtyamṛtavartiriva cakṣuṣorānandamutpādayantī) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1; इयगमृतवर्तिर्नयनयोः (iyagamṛtavartirnayanayoḥ) Uttararāmacarita 1.38; कर्पूरवर्तिरिव लोचनतापहन्त्री (karpūravartiriva locanatāpahantrī) Bv.3.16; Vb.1.

3) The wick of a lamp; उज्ज्वलालोकया स्निग्धा त्वया त्यक्ता न राजते । मलीमस- मुखी वर्तिः प्रदीपशिखया यथा (ujjvalālokayā snigdhā tvayā tyaktā na rājate | malīmasa- mukhī vartiḥ pradīpaśikhayā yathā) || Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.4; a lamp.

4) The projecting threads or unwoven ends (of a cloth). the fringe.

5) A magical lamp.

6) The protuberance round a vessel.

7) A surgical instrument (such as a bougie).

8) A streak, line.

9) Swelling in the throat.

1) A swelling formed by internal rupture.

Derivable forms: vartiḥ (वर्तिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vartin (वर्तिन्).—a. (- f.) [वृत्-णिनि (vṛt-ṇini)] (Usually at the end of comp.)

1) Abiding, being, resting, staying, situated.

2) Going, moving, turning.

3) Acting, behaving.

4) Performing, practising.

5) Obeying, executing (an order). -m The meaning of an affix.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Varti (वर्ति).—(= Sanskrit vartikā, which also means wick = Sanskrit varti), paintbrush: sūkṣma-varti-pratigṛhītapāṇir anāyāsa- cittaḥ taṃ paṭam ālikhet (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 61.21 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varti (वर्ति).—vartī (vb. vṛt), f. 1. Perfume for the person. 2. The wick of a lamp, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 11, 8 (ti). 3. A line, a ruled line. 4. A magic ball, [Pañcatantra] 241, 2 (ti), sqq.(?). 5. The ends of a cloth. 6. A sort of collyrium, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 14, 14; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 24, 12 (amṛta-varti, consisting of nectar). 7. A bougie.

Varti can also be spelled as Vartī (वर्ती).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartin (वर्तिन्).—i. e. vṛt + in, adj., f. , 1. Abiding, resting, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 224. 2. Being, [Hitopadeśa] 65, 5, M.M.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Varti (वर्ति).—[feminine] a pad or kind of bandage on a wound; wick of a lamp; paint, ointment, [especially] eye-salve.

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Vartī (वर्ती).—[feminine] a pad or kind of bandage on a wound; wick of a lamp; paint, ointment, [especially] eye-salve.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartin (वर्तिन्).—[adjective] staying, remaining, lying, situated in (—°), engaged in or occupied with (—°), proceeding with, behaving (well) towards (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Varti (वर्ति):—[from varta] 1. varti f. = vartī

2) Vartī (वर्ती):—[from varti > varta] a f. anything rolled or wrapped round, a pad, a kind of bandage bound round a wound, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] any cosmetic prepared from various substances (used as a remedy in the form of a paste or pill), [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] ointment, unguent, collyrium, [Uttararāma-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] a suppository, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] the wick of a lamp, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) [v.s. ...] a magical wick, [Pañcatantra]

8) [v.s. ...] a limp, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] the projecting threads or unwoven ends of woven cloth, a kind of fringe, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a projecting rim or protuberance round a vessel, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

11) [v.s. ...] a swelling or poly. pus in the throat, [Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] a swelling or protuberance formed by internal rupture, [ib.] (cf. mūtra-v)

13) [v.s. ...] a surgical instrument, bougie, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] a streak, line (See dhūma-v).

15) Varti (वर्ति):—[from varta] 2. varti in [compound] for vartin.

16) Vartī (वर्ती):—[from varta] b = varti1 q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vartin (वर्तिन्):—[from varta] mfn. abiding, staying, resting, living or situated in (mostly [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) being in any position or condition, engaged in, practising, performing, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] obeying, executing (an order; cf. nideśa-v)

4) [v.s. ...] conducting one’s self, behaving, acting, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) behaving properly towards, [ib.] (cf. guru-v; guru-vat = gurāv iva)

6) [v.s. ...] turning, moving, going, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

7) [v.s. ...] m. the meaning of an affix (= pratyayārtha), [Patañjali]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Varti (वर्ति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaṭṭi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Varti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Varti (ವರ್ತಿ):—

1) [noun] a piece of cord or tape or a thin bundle of threads, in a candle, oil lamp, etc.; a wick.

2) [noun] the border of a cloth as sari (a garment worn by Indian women, consisting of a long piece of cotton or silk wrapped around the body with one end draped over the head or over one shoulder).

3) [noun] an injury to a part of the body caused by a blow, without breaking the skin but causing discolouration; a bruise.

4) [noun] a pill, flake of an aromatic substance.

5) [noun] a thin leaf of polished metal used in decorating.

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Vārti (ವಾರ್ತಿ):—[noun] a report of a recent event; intelligence; information; news.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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