Solanum melongena: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Solanum melongena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Solanum melongena in Ayurveda glossary

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Drumavichitrikaranam—The Ancient Approach to Plant Mutagenesis

Solanum melongena (Brinjal) was used in the process of organic plant mutagenesis by ancient Indian agriculturists, which presents a safe technology and methodology regarding organic agriculture, according to treatises (such as the Vrikshayurveda). One such technology was to produce flowers and fruits on other species of plants and trees: The term drumavichitrikaranam (“plant mutagenesis”) obtains its true meaning in the literal sense through this objective. Some of them are described in the Upavanavinoda of Śārṅgadhara: such as to grow Solanum melongena (brinjal) fruits from seeds of Azadirachta indica (neem tree). Also: to growing Solanum melongena (brinjals) on Cucurbita maxima (red gourd) climber.

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Solanum melongena (in Sanskrit: Vārtāka) is a fruit which was commonly manipulated to produce seedless fruits (abīja), according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “Benincasa hispida, Solanum melongena [e.g., Vārtāka], Trichosanthes dioica, etc. produced from healthy seeds cultivated with marrow of a female boar and also nourished with the sprinkling of Acorus calamus always produce seedless fruits”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of solanum melongena in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Solanum melongena in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Latin names; Binomial nomenclature)

1) Solanum melongena L. is the name of a plant defined in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in modern medicine, Ayurveda, and other local traditions or folk medicine. It has the following synonyms: Solanum esculentum Dunal, Solanum incanum auct. non L., Solanum insanum L., Solanum melongena Wall., Solanum melongena var. depressum Baill., Solanum melongena var. depressum Linnaeus, Solanum melongena var. esculentum (Dunal) Nees, Solanum melongena var. serpentinum Linnaeus, Solanum melongenum St.-Lag..

References regarding Solanum melongena L. for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity:

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)
· Histoire Naturelle, Médicale et Économique des Solanum (1813)
· Numer. List (2628)
· Linnean Society of London (1837)
· A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (1838)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1852)
· FBI (1883)
· Annales de la Société Botanique de Lyon (1889)
· Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis (1923)
· The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture (3182)
· Flora URSS (1955)
· Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series (1962)
· Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India (1969)
· Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden (1974)
· Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (1981)
· Kew Bulletin (1985)
· Acta Botanica Sinica (1985)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1986)
· Cytologia (1986)
· Journal of the Indian Botanical Society (1986)
· Feddes Repertorium (1988)
· Journal of the Indian Botanical Society (1998)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1989)
· Cytologia (1989)
· Feddes Repertorium (1990)
· Cytologia (1991)
· Acta Agric. Univ. Henan. (1996)
· Cytologia (1997)

2) Solanum melongena L. var. insanum Prain is another plant having the following synonyms: Solanum insanum J.B. Fisch., Solanum insanum L..

References regarding Solanum melongena L. var. insanum Prain for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity:

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Mant. Pl. (1767)

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of solanum melongena in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

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