Paurusheya, Pauruṣeya: 10 definitions

Introduction

Paurusheya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pauruṣeya can be transliterated into English as Pauruseya or Paurusheya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paurusheya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pauruṣeya (पौरुषेय).—A demon who travels along with the sun in the month of Jyeṣṭha. (June), (11th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pauruṣeya (पौरुषेय).—The Rākṣasa presiding over the month of Śukra and Śuci1 with the sun in the summer.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 35; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 6.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 7.

1b) One of the sons of Yātudhāna, had five sons, all man-eating ones, Krūra, Vikṛta, etc.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 89, 93-4.

1c) A Piśāca.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 127.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices

Paurūṣeya (पौरूषेय) refers to “disciplines whose knowledge is contingent on the individual” and representing one of the two types of Śāstra (learned disciplines), all part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person. Under paurūṣeya there are at least nine disciplines. This body of literature is also described as smṛiti literature in opposition to Vedas and Vedāṅgas that are called śruti literature.

The paurūṣeya disciplines are:

  1. purāṇa, including itihāsa (record of ancient events),
  2. ānvīkṣikī (logic),
  3. mīmāṃsā (analysis/interpretation),
  4. dharmaśāstra (sociology),
  5. kāvyavidyā (literary theory),
  6. kāmaśāstra (erotics),
  7. śilpaśāstra (architecture),
  8. arthaśāstra (polity),
  9. vārtā (agriculture, animal husbandry, trade and commerce).
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paurusheya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pauruṣēya (पौरुषेय).—a S Relating to man, human, manly, virile.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pauruṣēya (पौरुषेय).—a Relating to man, human.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paurusheya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pauruṣeya (पौरुषेय).—a. (- f.) [पुरुष-ठञ् (puruṣa-ṭhañ)]

1) Derived from or belonging to man, human, incidental to man; made, established or propounded by man; as in अपौरुषेया वै वेदाः (apauruṣeyā vai vedāḥ)

2) Manly, virile.

3) Spiritual.

-yaḥ 1 Man- slaughter (puruṣavadha).

2) A crowd of men.

3) A daylabourer, hireling.

4) Human action, man's work.

5) Law as affecting persons.

-yam Human work, action of man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pauruṣeya (पौरुषेय).—(not recorded in these senses; compare prec. and next), (1) m., servant, laborer: Divy 86.13; 153.28; 168.28; 274.15, etc.; Av i.189.8; 315.9, etc.; Mvy 3833; often in cpd. dāsī-dāsa-karmakara-pauruṣeya (the other words precede Mvy 3833), either alone as dvandva subst., or in Bhvr. preceded by prabhūta-, bahu-, or the like: SP 102.2; LV 24.20; Mv i.36.5; 198.8; ii.2.4; 168.13; 420.18; iii.56.9; 177.16; 377.11; Divy 229.9; Kv 35.24; Dbh 18.28; Bbh 119.11; putra-dāra-dāsī-dāsa-pauruṣeya Bbh 119.22; (2) m., specially, pañca pauruṣeyān (acc. pl.), the five (kinds of) members of a ship's crew: Av i.200.5; ii.61.9; but in both places only four are named, viz. āhāra, nāvika, kaivarta, karṇadhāra; in Mvy 3850—55 six are named, nāvika, āhāraka, nirhāraka, karṇa- dhāraka, raṇadhara, kaivarta; (3) adj., or subst. (nt.?) ifc. Bhvr. (compare Pali porisiya, AMg. porisīya, Ratnach. 5.74, adj. ifc., as high as a man), in sapta-, ṣaṭ-, etc., pauruṣeyaṃ, of seven (six, etc.) times the height of a man: Mv ii.313.6 ff.; follows tālamātraṃ, in descending order, implying that one tāla, q.v., = 8 pauruṣeya (if this is to be understood as a noun; the noun might be pauruṣa, so used in Sanskrit; see pauruṣya; in the Mv passage, 313.8-9, a single man's height is expressed by puruṣa-mātram).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauruṣeya (पौरुषेय).—i. e. puruṣa + eya, adj., f. , Made by, derivea from, relating to men, Mahābhārata 5, 2645.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauruṣeya (पौरुषेय).—[feminine] ī a relating to man, human. —[masculine] hireling, day-labourer; [neuter] human deed or work.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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