Paurusheya, aka: Pauruṣeya; 6 Definition(s)
Paurusheya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Pauruṣeya can be transliterated into English as Pauruseya or Paurusheya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Pauruṣeya (पौरुषेय).—A demon who travels along with the sun in the month of Jyeṣṭha. (June), (11th Skandha, Bhāgavata).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 35; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 6.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 7.
1b) One of the sons of Yātudhāna, had five sons, all man-eating ones, Krūra, Vikṛta, etc.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 89, 93-4.
1c) A Piśāca.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 127.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Paurūṣeya (पौरूषेय) refers to “disciplines whose knowledge is contingent on the individual” and representing one of the two types of Śāstra (learned disciplines), all part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person. Under paurūṣeya there are at least nine disciplines. This body of literature is also described as smṛiti literature in opposition to Vedas and Vedāṅgas that are called śruti literature.
The paurūṣeya disciplines are:
- purāṇa, including itihāsa (record of ancient events),
- ānvīkṣikī (logic),
- mīmāṃsā (analysis/interpretation),
- dharmaśāstra (sociology),
- kāvyavidyā (literary theory),
- kāmaśāstra (erotics),
- śilpaśāstra (architecture),
- arthaśāstra (polity),
- vārtā (agriculture, animal husbandry, trade and commerce).
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Languages of India and abroad
pauruṣēya (पौरुषेय).—a S Relating to man, human, manly, virile.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pauruṣēya (पौरुषेय).—a Relating to man, human.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Pauruṣeya (पौरुषेय).—a. (-yī f.) [पुरुष-ठञ् (puruṣa-ṭhañ)]
1) Derived from or belonging to man, human, incidental to man; made, established or propounded by man; as in अपौरुषेया वै वेदाः (apauruṣeyā vai vedāḥ)
2) Manly, virile.
-yaḥ 1 Man-> slaughter (puruṣavadha).
2) A crowd of men.
3) A daylabourer, hireling.
4) Human action, man's work.
5) Law as affecting persons.
-yam Human work, action of man.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Veda (वेद) refers to a category of Apaurūṣeya texts, or “disciplines dealing with knowledge not...
Purāṇa (पुराण) refers to the “record of ancient events” and is one of the nine divisions of the...
Śāstra (शास्त्र) refers to “learned disciplines” and formed part of the ancient Indian educatio...
Ayurveda (अयुर्वेद) refers to the “science of medicine” and represents one of the divisions of ...
Mīmāṃsā (मीमांसा) refers to “analysis” or “interpretation” and represents one of the nine divis...
Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद), an ancient treatise on the science of archery and the art of warfare, en...
Vārta (वार्त, “economics”) refers to one of the four classes of knowledge needed to run a state...
Krūra (क्रूर).—a. [kṛta-rak dhātoḥ krūḥ; Uṇ.2.21]1) Cruel, wicked, hard-hearted, pitiless; तस्य...
Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र).—The importance of ethics and ethical values (nītiśāstra) is highlig...
Arthaśāstra (अर्थशास्त्र) (4th century BCE) by Kauṭilya is one of the most influential treatise...
Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र).—The śilpa-śāstra texts of art and architecture deal with the art of...
Vikṛta (विकृत).—It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 196, that this was the nam...
Ānvīkṣikī (आन्वीक्षिकी) refers to “philosophy and logic” and represents one of the four classes...
Kāmaśāstra (कामशास्त्र) refers to the “science of erotics” and represents one of the nine divis...
Upaveda (उपवेद) refers to “disciplines whose knowledge is contingent on the individual” and rep...
Search found 3 books and stories containing Paurusheya or Pauruṣeya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 7 - Testimony < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]
Part 4 - Interpretation of Brahma-sūtra I. 1. 3-4 < [Chapter XXVI - Madhva’s Interpretation of the Brahma-sūtras]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 11 - Summary Description of the Mahapurusa < [Canto XII - The Age of Deterioration]