Vaisheshika, Vaiśeṣika, Vaishesika, Vaiseshika: 10 definitions
Vaisheshika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Vaiśeṣika can be transliterated into English as Vaisesika or Vaisheshika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (vaisesika)
Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक) system advocates Dualistic Realism. It is said that this system has been founded on a Ṛk ascribed to the Seer Dīrghatamas. The Ṛk narrates that two birds which are intimate friends, reside in the same tree. One of them eats the sweet fruits, while the other without eating just looks on. The dualistic philosophers are influenced by this Ṛk which implies the distinction between the individual self and the Supreme self.
The founder of Vaiśeṣika is Kaṇāda. The name of this system Vaiśeṣika is derived from the word Viśeṣa. Viśeṣa as a separate category is discussed broadly in this system.52 We do not find this category in any other system of Indian Philosophy. So, Kaṇāda’s philosophy has come to be known as Vaiśeṣika system. The Vaiśeṣika system gives stress on the plurality and distinctness of physical things and finite souls. The special feature of this system is the theory of atomism.
Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक).—One excelling (viśeṣayet) in all the arts (kalā) is called a Vaiśeṣika (specialist) or one is also called Vaiśika because of his dealings with the courtezans (veśyopacāra).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Digital Library of India: Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika
Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक) is one of the six Hindu schools of philosophy (Vedic systems) of India. Historically, it has been closely associated with the Hindu school of logic, Nyaya. Although the Vaisheshika system developed independently from the Nyaya, the two eventually merged because of their closely related metaphysical theories.
Vaisheshika espouses a form of atomism and postulates that all objects in the physical universe are reducible to a finite number of atoms. Originally proposed by the sage Kaṇāda (or Kana-bhuk, literally, atom-eater) around the 2nd century BC.
According to the Vaisheshika school, all things which exist, which can be cognised, and which can be named are padārthas (literal meaning: the meaning of a word), the objects of experience. All objects of experience can be classified into six categories,
- dravya (substance),
- guṇa (quality),
- karma (activity),
- sāmānya (generality),
- viśeṣa (particularity)
- and samavāya (inherence).
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vaiśēṣika (वैशेषिक).—m S A follower of the school of philosophy called vaiśēṣika.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक).—a. (-kī f.)
1) Characteristic, special; विषये वर्तमानानां यं तं वैशेषिकैर्गुणैः (viṣaye vartamānānāṃ yaṃ taṃ vaiśeṣikairguṇaiḥ) (prāhurviṣayagoptāram) Mb.12.47.7; 7.5.15.
2) Belonging to the Vaiśeṣika doctrine.
-kaḥ A follower of the Vaiśeṣika doctrine.
-kam [viśeṣaṃ padārtha- bhedamadhikṛtya kṛto granthaḥ ṭhañ] One of the six principal Darśanas or systems of Hindu philosophy founded by Kaṇāda; it differs from the Nyāya philosophy of Gautama in that it recognizes only seven instead of sixteen categories or heads of predicables (the earlier writers e. g. Kaṇāda recognizing only six), and lays particular stress upon Viśeṣa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) A follower of the Vaiśeshika doctrine. n.
(-kaṃ) The Vaiśeshika doctrine, or branch of the Nyaya or logical school of philosophy, instituted by Kanada. It differs from Gautama'S system in recognizing only seven categories instead of sixteen. E. viśeṣa difference, (from the original Nyaya of Gautama,) ṭhañ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक).—i. e. viśeṣa + ika, I. adj. 1. Characteristic, Bhāṣāp. 43. 2. Belonging to the Vaiśeṣika doctrine (cf. Ii.), Bhāṣāp. 104; 140. Ii. n. A peculiar philosophical system, the Vaiśeṣika doctrine. Iii. m. A follower of the Vaiśeṣika doctrine, [Kusumāñjali, (ed. Cowell.)] 3, 8 (p. 29, 13, ed. Cowell).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक):—mf(ī)n. ([from] vi-śeṣa, p.990) special, peculiar, specific, characteristic, [Āpastamba; Suśruta; Bhāṣāpariccheda; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
2) distinguished, excellent, pre-eminent, [Mahābhārata]
3) relating or belonging to or based on or dealing with the Vaiśeṣika doctrine, [Bhāṣāpariccheda; Madhusūdana]
4) m. a follower of the V° doctrine, [Kapila; Kusumāñjali; Buddhist literature]
5) n. peculiarity, distinction, [Kaṇāda’s Vaiśeṣika-sūtra]
6) Name of the later of the two great divisions of the Nyāya school of philosophy (it was founded by Kaṇāda, and differs from the, ‘Nyāya proper’ founded by Gautama, in propounding only seven categories or topics instead of sixteen; and more especially in its doctrine of viśeṣa, or eternally distinct nature of the nine substances, air, fire, water, earth, mind, ether, time, space, and soul, of which the first five, including mind, are held to be atomic), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 65 etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+181): Padartha, Kanada, Paramanu, Vishesha, Aulukya, Pramana, Guna, Karma, Dravya, Samanya, Tarkasamgraha, Shrikara, Vidyadhara Mishra, Samavaya, Sneha, Vaisheshika-sutra, Shatshastrem, Vaisheshikasutropaskara, Astika, Saptapadarthi.
Search found 33 books and stories containing Vaisheshika, Vaiśeṣika, Vaishesika, Vaiseshika, Vaisesika, Vaiśēṣika; (plurals include: Vaisheshikas, Vaiśeṣikas, Vaishesikas, Vaiseshikas, Vaisesikas, Vaiśēṣikas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
Chapter II, Section II, Adhikarana III < [Section II]
Chapter II, Section II, Adhikarana II < [Section II]
Chapter II, Section I, Introduction < [Section I]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter IV.f - Size of the Self or Jīva < [Chapter IV - The concept of Self]
Chapter I.g - A brief description of Prameyakamalamārtaṇḍa < [Chapter I - Introduction]
Chapter III.f - Prabhācandra’s view regarding matter < [Chapter III - Categories]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 21 - Dialectic of Śaṅkara and Ānandajñāna < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 12 - The Psychological Views and other Ontological Categories < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Brahma Sutras (Vedanta Sutras) (by George Thibaut)
II, 2, 15 < [Second Adhyāya, Second Pāda]
II, 2, 11 < [Second Adhyāya, Second Pāda]
II, 2, 17 < [Second Adhyāya, Second Pāda]
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Specific attributes (vaiśeṣika-guṇas) < [Chapter 2 - Fundamental Categories]
General attributes (sāmānya-guṇas) < [Chapter 2 - Fundamental Categories]
Cosmology [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 3 - Fundamental Theories]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)