Vaishasa, Vaiśasa: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Vaishasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vaiśasa can be transliterated into English as Vaisasa or Vaishasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vaishasa in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vaiśasa (वैशस).—The kingdom to which Puramjana went with his companion Lubdhaka; allegorically Naraka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 53; 29. 15; V. 26. 25.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: archive.org: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Vaiśasa (वैशस) refers to “anguish”, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. II, P. 135, l. 7]—‘Vaiśasa’ means slaughter and anguish. Here the latter meaning is relevant. In the commentary it is explained as ‘vyasana’ meaning addictedness.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaiśasa (वैशस).—a. Causing death or destruction; दृष्टाऽसि युधि सम्बाधे प्रवृत्ते वैशसेऽहनि (dṛṣṭā'si yudhi sambādhe pravṛtte vaiśase'hani) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.76.15.

-sam 1 Destruction, slaughter, butchery; ददर्श यदुवीराणामापाने वैशसं महत् (dadarśa yaduvīrāṇāmāpāne vaiśasaṃ mahat) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.2.58; विधिना कृतमर्धवैशसम् (vidhinā kṛtamardhavaiśasam) Kumārasambhava 4.31; Uttararāmacarita 4.24; 6.4.

2) Distress, torment, pain, suffering, hardship; सर्पवृश्चिकदंशाद्यैर्दशद्भिश्चात्मैवशसम् (sarpavṛścikadaṃśādyairdaśadbhiścātmaivaśasam) Bhāgavata 3.3.26;8.7.37; उपरोधवैशसम् (uparodhavaiśasam) Mu.2; धिगुच्छ्वसितवैशसम् (dhigucchvasitavaiśasam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.35.

3) Violence (hiṃsā); Bhāgavata 5.9.15.

4) Name of a hell; Bhāgavata 4.25.53.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaiśasa (वैशस).—n.

(-saṃ) 1. Hindrance, impediment. 2. Slaughter. E. viśasasya bhāvaḥ svārthe vā aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaiśasa (वैशस).—i. e. vi-śas + a + a, n. 1. Rending in pieces, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 30, 27. 2. Slaughter, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 113, 6; [Pañcatantra] ed. orn. 36, 22; [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 11, 10. 3. Distress, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 160, 5. 4. Hindrance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaiśasa (वैशस).—[adjective] murderous, pernicious; [neuter] murder, slaughter, war, destruction, horrible deed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaiśasa (वैशस):—mfn. ([from] a form vi-śasa, derived [from] vi-√śas; cf. vi-śasana) causing death or destruction, [Mahābhārata]

2) n. (ifc. f(ā). ) rending in pieces, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) n. slaughter, butchery, war, strife, injury, hurt, outrage, distress, calamity, ruin (with premṇaḥ, ruin of affection), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) the hell, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) Name of a hell, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaiśasa (वैशस):—(saṃ) 1. n. Hindrance; slaughter; distress, cruelty.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vaiśasa (वैशस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaisama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vaishasa in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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