Vaishakha, Vaiśākha: 14 definitions

Introduction

Vaishakha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vaiśākha can be transliterated into English as Vaisakha or Vaishakha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishakha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Vaiśākha (वैशाख) or “Vaiśākha Pūrnimā” is the name of a festival that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Vaiśākha Pūrnimā proceeds as folows: Honouring of five or seven Brāhmaṇas with sesame mixed with honey, and worship of Dharmarāja are prescribed on this day.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vaiśākha (वैशाख).—A month. This month comes after the month of Caitra and before the month of Jyeṣṭha. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 106, that by observing the fast of taking food only once, daily in this month, one could acquire prominence among kinsmen and people of one’s own caste.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vaiśākha (वैशाख).—(Tṛtīya) a Yugādi for śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 4; 56. 3.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vaiśākha (वैशाख).—A type of standing-posture (sthāna);—Instructions: the two feet three Tālas and a half apart and the thighs without motion; [besides this] the two feet to be obliquely placed pointing sideways. Skanda (Kārtikeya) is its presiding deity.

(Uses): This Sthāna should be assumed in riding horses, and in exercise, exit [from any place], mimicking large birds, practice of shooting arrows and in the Recakas [of the feet].

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishakha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vaiśākha (वैशाख) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 67. Accordingly as a prince said to Hemaprabhā: “... he [Naravāhanadatta] set out in a chariot drawn by swift horses, which the brothers had brought, and he reached with them that city of Vaiśākha. When he entered that splendid city, the ladies, bewildered and excited, beheld him with eyes the lashes of which were turned up”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vaiśākha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishakha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Vaiśākha (वैशाख) is the second month of the “spring season” (vasanta) in the traditional Indian calendar, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season (viz., Vaiśākha), other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Vaiśākha (वैशाख), corresponding to “April-May”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, vaiśākha-māsi.

The presiding deity of Vaiśākha is Madhusūdana.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishakha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaiśākha (वैशाख).—m (S) The second month of the year, reckoning from caitra, viz. April-May.

--- OR ---

vaiśākhā (वैशाखा).—a (S) Relating to the month vaiśākha.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vaiśākha (वैशाख).—m The second month of the year.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishakha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaiśākha (वैशाख).—

1) Name of the second lunar month (corresponding to April-May).

2) A churning-stick; द्रुततर- करदक्षाः क्षिप्तवैशाखशैले (drutatara- karadakṣāḥ kṣiptavaiśākhaśaile) ... कलशिमुदधिगुर्वी वल्लवा लोडयन्ति (kalaśimudadhigurvī vallavā loḍayanti) Śi.11. 8; कालेन वैशाखधरं विधाय प्रभाकरं बिम्बममन्थि सिन्धुः (kālena vaiśākhadharaṃ vidhāya prabhākaraṃ bimbamamanthi sindhuḥ) Rām. ch. 6.39.

-kham A kind of attitude in shooting; see विशाख (viśākha).

-khī The full-moon day in the month of Vaiśākha.

Derivable forms: vaiśākhaḥ (वैशाखः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaiśākha (वैशाख).—m.

(-khaḥ) 1. The month in which the moon is full near the southern scale, (April-May,) the first month in the Hindu calendar. 2. A churning-stick. n.

(-khaṃ) A particular attitude in shooting, standing with the feet a span apart. f. (-khī) The day of full-moon in the month of Vaisak'ha. E. viśākhā the constellation in which the moon is full in this month, aṇ aff.; or viśākhā said to mean here, pervading, revolving, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaiśākha (वैशाख).— i.e. viśākhā + a, I. m. 1. The name of a month, April

— May, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 260. 2. A churningstick. Ii. f. khī, The day of full moon in the month Vaiśākha. Iii. n. An attitude in shooting, standing with the feet a span apart.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaiśākha (वैशाख).—[masculine] a cert. month in summer, [feminine] ī the full-moon day in it.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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