Urvi, Urvī: 9 definitions

Introduction

Urvi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Urvī (उर्वी).—See bhūmī or pṛthvī; extent 500 million yojanas; foremost of all elements and mother of all beings; depth below the surface is 70,000 yojanas consisting of the seven regions of Pātāla.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 96-7; 5. 1-2.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Urvī (उर्वी) is the name of a specific marma (vital points) of the human body, according to the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā. When affected severely, these marmas causes death. The commonly accepted number of marmas in the human body, as described in the Suśruta-saṃhita, is 107 divided into 5 categories: the muscular, vascular, ligament, bone and joints.

The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā by Vāgbhaṭa is a classical Sanskrit treatise dealing with Āyurveda dating from the 6th-century. Together with the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhita, it is considered one of the three main Indian medical classics

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Urvī (उर्वी) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Urvī], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Urvī (उर्वी).—1. Base of a triangle. 2. Earth. Note: Urvī is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

urvī (उर्वी).—f S urvīmaṇḍala n S The earth. Ex. daṇāṇīta urvīmaṇḍala || Also kāṃ urvīcē ṭhāīṃ sahaja || prakāśē vāsara- maṇīcēṃ tēja ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

urvī (उर्वी).—f urvīmaṇḍala n The earth.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Urvī (उर्वी).—

1) 'Wide region', the earth; स्तोकमुर्व्यां प्रयाति (stokamurvyāṃ prayāti) Ś. 1.7; जुगोप गोरूपधरामिवोर्वीम् (jugopa gorūpadharāmivorvīm) R.2.3,1.14,3,75,2.66; Me.21.

2) Land, soil.

3) The open space or expanse (comprising six spaces; i. e. the four quarters of the sky with the upper and lower spaces).

4) A river.

5) (du.) Ved. the two worlds, or the heaven and earth. आ यः पप्रौ जायमान उर्वी (ā yaḥ paprau jāyamāna urvī) Rv.6.1.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Urvī (उर्वी) or Urvvī.—f. (-rvī) The earth. E. uru great, ṅīṣ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Urvī (उर्वी):—[from uru] a f. the earth

2) [v.s. ...] See urvī, p. 218, col. 1

3) [from uru] b f. (cf. uru), ‘the wide one’, the wide earth, earth, soil, [Ṛg-veda i, 46, 2; ii, 4, 7; Śakuntalā; Manu-smṛti] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] f. [dual number] () ‘the two wide ones’, heaven and earth, [Ṛg-veda vi, 10, 4; x, 12, 3; 88, 14]

5) [v.s. ...] f. [plural] (vyas) (with and without ṣaṣ) the six spaces (viz. the four quarters of the sky with the upper and lower spaces), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] (also applied to heaven, earth, day, night, water, and vegetation), [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] (also to fire, earth, water, wind, day and night), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i, 5, 1, 22]

8) [v.s. ...] rivers, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

9) Ūrvī (ऊर्वी):—[from ūru] a f. the middle of the thigh, [Suśruta]

10) b etc. See p.221, [columns] 2 & 3.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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