Pratyanga, Pratyaṅga, Prati-anga: 9 definitions

Introduction

Pratyanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratyanga in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pratyaṅga (प्रत्यङ्ग).—An ancient king of Bhārata. (Śloka 238, Chapter 1, Ādi Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Pratyaṅga (प्रत्यङ्ग) refers to the “minor limbs” and represents one of the three types of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Pratyaṅgas or the minor limbs consist of shoulders, shoulder blades, arms, back, thighs and calves.

Pratyaṅgas consists of six minor limbs. They are

  1. skandha (shoulders),
  2. bāhu (arms),
  3. pṛṣṭha (back),
  4. udara (stomach),
  5. ūru (thighs),
  6. jaṅga (shanks).

Some others considered three more, that is, maṇibandha (wrists), jānu (knees) and kurpara (elbows) as pratyaṅgas. The parts that are mentioned above are involved while dancing; whereas in iconographic figures these parts are found in a figure to make a full human form. But there is no distinct division of postures for the figures.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratyanga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratyaṅga (प्रत्यंग).—n (S) A minor member of the body: also a subdivision of a subject.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratyaṅga (प्रत्यंग).—n A minor member of the body.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratyanga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratyaṅga (प्रत्यङ्ग).—

1) a secondary or minor limb (of the body), as the nose.

2) a division, chapter, section.

3) every limb.

4) a weapon.

-ṅgam ind.

Derivable forms: pratyaṅgam (प्रत्यङ्गम्).

Pratyaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyaṅga (प्रत्यङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) An organ of perception. n. Adv.

(-ṅgaṃ) On the body, or the limbs severally. n. Subst.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. A minor member of the body, as the chin, nose, ear, &c. 2. A subdivision of science, &c. E. prati belonging to, aṅga the body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratyaṅga (प्रत्यङ्ग):—[=praty-aṅga] [from praty > prati] n. a minor or secondary member of the body (as the forehead, nose, chin, fingers, ears etc.; the 6 Aṅgas or chief members being the trunk, head, arms and legs), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a division, section, part, [Suśruta; Nirukta, by Yāska]

3) [v.s. ...] a subdivision (of a science etc.), [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] a weapon, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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