Pratyanga, aka: Pratyaṅga, Prati-anga; 6 Definition(s)
Pratyanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Pratyaṅga (प्रत्यङ्ग).—An ancient king of Bhārata. (Śloka 238, Chapter 1, Ādi Parva).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Pratyaṅga (प्रत्यङ्ग) refers to the “minor limbs” and represents one of the three types of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Pratyaṅgas or the minor limbs consist of shoulders, shoulder blades, arms, back, thighs and calves.
Pratyaṅgas consists of six minor limbs. They are
- skandha (shoulders),
- bāhu (arms),
- pṛṣṭha (back),
- udara (stomach),
- ūru (thighs),
- jaṅga (shanks).
Some others considered three more, that is, maṇibandha (wrists), jānu (knees) and kurpara (elbows) as pratyaṅgas. The parts that are mentioned above are involved while dancing; whereas in iconographic figures these parts are found in a figure to make a full human form. But there is no distinct division of postures for the figures.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Languages of India and abroad
pratyaṅga (प्रत्यंग).—n (S) A minor member of the body: also a subdivision of a subject.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pratyaṅga (प्रत्यंग).—n A minor member of the body.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) a secondary or minor limb (of the body), as the nose.
2) a division, chapter, section.
3) every limb.
4) a weapon.
Derivable forms: pratyaṅgam (प्रत्यङ्गम्).
Pratyaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and aṅga (अङ्ग).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 7 books and stories containing Pratyanga, Pratyaṅga or Prati-anga. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Śrī Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā (by Sarasvati Thkura)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)