Sarpa, aka: Sārpa; 10 Definition(s)


Sarpa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sarpa (सर्प):—One of the Eleven Rudras (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Agni-purāṇa. The Agni Purāṇa is a religious text containing details on Viṣṇu’s different incarnations (avatar), but also deals with various cultural subjects such as Cosmology, Grammar and Astrology.

Source: Wisdom Library: Agni Purāṇa

Sarpa (सर्प).—A son of Tvaṣṭā. According to Agni Purāṇa the sons of Tvaṣṭā were called Ekādaśarudras; But according to Mahābhārata, Sarpa, one of the Ekādaśarudras is the son of Sthāṇu and the great-grandson of Brahmā. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 2).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Sarpa (सर्प).—A Rākṣasa with the sun in nabhonabha months; a son of Yātudhāna.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 11; III. 3. 70; 7. 90; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 128.

1b) A son of Brahmadhāna.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 98; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 133.

1c) To be worshipped in house-building.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 253. 27.

1d) One of the eleven Rudras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 69.

1e) A class of Rākṣasas sprung from Sarpa; also Pannagas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 1; 35. 191; III. 7. 97; 8. 70.

1f) Snakes whose overlord is Takṣaka;1 moving creatures, sarīsṛpās.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 8. 7.
  • 2) Ib. 38. 10.

2) Sārpa (सार्प).—One of the eight muhūrtas of the afternoon.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 39.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Sarpa (Snakes) - Kundalini - sexual energy latent within the lowest chakra – the Mūlādhāra at the base of the spine. Also symbolizes the control of anger the worst of all the negative emotions.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Sarpa (सर्प) refers to one of the 23 types of dohā metres (a part of mātrā type) described in the 1st chapter of the Vṛttamauktika by Candraśekhara (17th century): author of many metrical compositions and the son of Lakṣmīnātha Bhaṭṭa and Lopāmudrā.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sarpa (सर्प, ‘serpent’) occurs once in the Rigveda, where Ahi is the usual word, but often later.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

sarpa (सर्प).—m (S) A serpent or snake. The word is, in the Konkan̤, applied exclusively to the Coluber Naga or Cobra de capello, in the Desh, to every reptile of the serpent-tribe excepting the Coluber Naga, which bears its specific name nāga. See and apply to this word sarpa the notice afforded under its derivative sāpa; adding only that the word sarpa (preserving its majesty as Sanskrit) occurs to be used upon rather extraordinary occasions, as conveying, more forcibly than the Prakrit sāpa, the idea of magnitude or formidableness.

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sārpa (सार्प).—a S Relating to a serpent, serpentine.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sarpa (सर्प).—m A snake, a serpent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarpa (सर्प).—[sṛp-ghañ]

1) Serpentine or winding motion, gliding.

2) Flowing, going.

3) A snake, serpent.

4) Name of a tree (nāgakeśara).

5) The Āśleṣā constellation.

6) Name of a tribe of Mlechchhas or barbarians.

Derivable forms: sarpaḥ (सर्पः).

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Sārpa (सार्प).—Name of the constellation Āślesā; सार्पे जातौ तु सौमित्री कुलीरेऽभ्युदिते रवौ (sārpe jātau tu saumitrī kulīre'bhyudite ravau) Rām.1.18.15.

Derivable forms: sārpaḥ (सार्पः).

See also (synonyms): sārpya.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 114 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sarpāri (सर्पारि).—m. (-riḥ) An ichneumon. E. sarpa a snake, and ari an enemy; equally applicab...
Sarpāvāsa (सर्पावास).—n. (-saṃ) The sandal tree.
Sarpasatra (सर्पसत्र).—See under Janamejaya, Part 5.
Sarpāśana (सर्पाशन).—a peacock. Derivable forms: sarpāśanaḥ (सर्पाशनः).Sarpāśana is a Sanskrit ...
Brahmasarpa (ब्रह्मसर्प).—m. (-rpaḥ) A sort of snake. E. brahma Brahma and sarpa a snake.
Sarpārāti (सर्पाराति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. Garuda. 2. An ichneumon. 3. A peacock. E. sarpa a snake, ar...
Sarpamaṇi (सर्पमणि).—a snake-gem. Derivable forms: sarpamaṇiḥ (सर्पमणिः).Sarpamaṇi is a Sanskri...
Kālasarpa (कालसर्प).—the black and most poisonous variety of the snake; Gīt.1.12. Derivable for...
Sarpākṣī (सर्पाक्षी).—a kind of plant (Mar. thora muṃgūsavela). Sarpākṣī is a Sanskrit compound...
Sarpavidyā (सर्पविद्या).—Snakescience; सर्पदेवजनविद्यामेतद्भगवोऽध्येमि (sarpadevajanavidyāmetad...
Sarpadamanī (सर्पदमनी) is another name for Vandhyākarkoṭakī, a medicinal plant identified with ...
Sarpaśiras (सर्पशिरस्, “snake-head”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single h...
One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Sarpa-śīrṣa (snake-head): the middle of ...
Sārpamastaka (सार्पमस्तक).—Name of an astronomical phenomenon, one of the vyatipātas. Note: Sār...
Sarpaveda (सर्पवेद).—Snakescience; सर्पदेवजनविद्यामेतद्भगवोऽध्येमि (sarpadevajanavidyāmetadbhag...

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