Sarpa, aka: Sārpa; 11 Definition(s)
Sarpa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Sarpa (सर्प):—One of the Eleven Rudras (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Agni-purāṇa. The Agni Purāṇa is a religious text containing details on Viṣṇu’s different incarnations (avatar), but also deals with various cultural subjects such as Cosmology, Grammar and Astrology.Source: Wisdom Library: Agni Purāṇa
Sarpa (सर्प).—A son of Tvaṣṭā. According to Agni Purāṇa the sons of Tvaṣṭā were called Ekādaśarudras; But according to Mahābhārata, Sarpa, one of the Ekādaśarudras is the son of Sthāṇu and the great-grandson of Brahmā. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 2).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Sarpa (सर्प).—A Rākṣasa with the sun in nabhonabha months; a son of Yātudhāna.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 11; III. 3. 70; 7. 90; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 128.
1b) A son of Brahmadhāna.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 98; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 133.
1c) To be worshipped in house-building.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 253. 27.
1d) One of the eleven Rudras.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 69.
1e) A class of Rākṣasas sprung from Sarpa; also Pannagas.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 1; 35. 191; III. 7. 97; 8. 70.
2) Sārpa (सार्प).—One of the eight muhūrtas of the afternoon.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 39.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Sarpa (Snakes) - Kundalini - sexual energy latent within the lowest chakra – the Mūlādhāra at the base of the spine. Also symbolizes the control of anger the worst of all the negative emotions.Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Sarpa (सर्प) refers to one of the 23 types of dohā metres (a part of mātrā type) described in the 1st chapter of the Vṛttamauktika by Candraśekhara (17th century): author of many metrical compositions and the son of Lakṣmīnātha Bhaṭṭa and Lopāmudrā.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Sarpa (सर्प, ‘serpent’) occurs once in the Rigveda, where Ahi is the usual word, but often later.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
India history and geogprahy
Sarpa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘eight’. Note: sarpa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
sarpa (सर्प).—m (S) A serpent or snake. The word is, in the Konkan̤, applied exclusively to the Coluber Naga or Cobra de capello, in the Desh, to every reptile of the serpent-tribe excepting the Coluber Naga, which bears its specific name nāga. See and apply to this word sarpa the notice afforded under its derivative sāpa; adding only that the word sarpa (preserving its majesty as Sanskrit) occurs to be used upon rather extraordinary occasions, as conveying, more forcibly than the Prakrit sāpa, the idea of magnitude or formidableness.
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sārpa (सार्प).—a S Relating to a serpent, serpentine.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sarpa (सर्प).—m A snake, a serpent.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Serpentine or winding motion, gliding.
2) Flowing, going.
3) A snake, serpent.
4) Name of a tree (nāgakeśara).
5) The Āśleṣā constellation.
6) Name of a tribe of Mlechchhas or barbarians.
Derivable forms: sarpaḥ (सर्पः).
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Sārpa (सार्प).—Name of the constellation Āślesā; सार्पे जातौ तु सौमित्री कुलीरेऽभ्युदिते रवौ (sārpe jātau tu saumitrī kulīre'bhyudite ravau) Rām.1.18.15.
Derivable forms: sārpaḥ (सार्पः).
See also (synonyms): sārpya.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-rpaḥ) 1. A snake, a serpent. 2. Gentle or twining motion, gliding, flowing, creeping. f. (-rpī) The female of the snake. E. sṛp to go, to glide, aff. ac .
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(-rpaḥ-rpī-rpaṃ) Relating to a snake. f. (-rpī) The ninth lunar asterism, of which the serpents (Aślesha) are the presiding deities. E. sarpa a snake, and aṇ aff.; also read sārpya .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Starts with (+54): Sarpabali, Sarpabandha, Sarpabhrita, Sarpabhuj, Sarpacchatra, Sarpacem Varula, Sarpachatra, Sarpachattra, Sarpachchhatra, Sarpachhatra, Sarpachhattra, Sarpadalo, Sarpadalograma, Sarpadamani, Sarpadamsha, Sarpadamshta, Sarpadamshtra, Sarpadamshtrivibhedana, Sarpadanda, Sarpadani.
Ends with (+4): Agnivisarpa, Anusarpa, Apasarpa, Avasarpa, Brahmasarpa, Chitrasarpa, Citrasarpa, Dombyasarpa, Ghantasarpa, Ghatasarpa, Kalasarpa, Kavadyasarpa, Kolisarpa, Krishnasarpa, Parisarpa, Pithasarpa, Prasarpa, Rajasarpa, Samsarpa, Shvetasarpa.
Full-text (+98): Brahmasarpa, Sarpasana, Sarpagandha, Sarparaja, Rajasarpa, Sarpabhuj, Sarparati, Kalasarpa, Sarpadamshtra, Sarpamani, Sarpari, Sarpaphanija, Sarpasatrin, Sarpya, Sarpamastaka, Bahurupa, Vishacikitsa, Ghantasarpa, Sarpabali, Sarpacchatra.
Search found 34 books and stories containing Sarpa, Sārpa; (plurals include: Sarpas, Sārpas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1.37 < [Section XXI - Creation of the Semi-divine Beings]
Verse 7.187 < [Section XIII - War]
Verse 2.31 < [Section X - The ‘Naming Ceremony’ (nāmadheya)]
Bhagavad-gita-mahatmya (by Shankaracharya)
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 11 - On the Sarpa Yajña < [Book 2]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 27 - Coronation of the Kings < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Chapter 22 - Dharmāṅgada Born as Suvrata < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Chapter 29 - The Story of Pṛthu (continued) < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)