Tushara, Tuṣāra: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Tushara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tuṣāra can be transliterated into English as Tusara or Tushara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Tushar.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Tuṣāra (तुषार) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Tuṣāra) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Tuṣāra (तुषार) refers to “dew-drops”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] The dew-drops (tuṣāra) as they came in contact with the rays of the sun turned in vapours like the hearts of the people turning pure in association with the good”.

2) Tuṣāra (तुषार) (or “drops of dew”) is used to symbolically represent drops of semen, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] I looked at the face of Satī many a time. I was helpless in curbing the onset of a sensuous organism. Four drops of my semen virile got displaced and fell on the ground like drops of dew (tuṣāra-caya) as a result of staring into her face. O sage, then I was stunned into silence. I was surprised. I became suspicious. I covered up the semen drops lest anyone should see them”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—A place of habitation of ancient Bhārata. Scholars are of opinion that the present Tukhāristan was the ancient Tuṣāra. The people of this place used to be called Tuṣāras and their King Tuṣāra. The King of Tuṣāra was the store-keeper during the Rājasūyayajña of Yudhiṣṭhira, (Chapter 51, Vana Parva). The Pāṇḍavas during their exile crossed this country of Tuṣāra on their way to Dvaitavana from the mountain of Gandhamādana. During the great battle, the Tuṣāras arrayed themselves on the right side of the Krauñca Vyūha (an army formation in the shape of a stork) constructed by Bhīṣma. (Śloka 21, Chapter 75, Bhīṣma Parva). There is a statement in Chapter 65 of Śānti Parva that a barbarous tribe called Tuṣāras lived in the country of Māndhātā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Tuṣāra (तुषार).—A dynasty of 14 rulers, ruled for 105 years [500 years (vā. p.)] after the Yavanas; reigned for 7000 years?*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 172-6; Matsya-purāṇa 273. 19, 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 118; 47. 44; 58. 83; 98. 108; 99. 360. 362.

1b) —(c)—a northern kingdom;1 14 kings of it ruled for 105 years after the Yavanas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 47; 18. 46; 31. 83.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 45; 144. 57.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tushara in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Tuṣāra (तुषार) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is the region of Northern India.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

1) Tuṣāra (तुषार) refers to “hoar-frost”, and is mentioned in verse 2.40-44 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] frontal cold wind (and) hot sun, haze, hoar-frost [viz., tuṣāra], and rough wind—in sneezing, belching, coughing, taking food, falling asleep, (and performing) coitus one shall not twist [...] (all these things) one shall eschew. In all activities of a wise (man) the world alone (is) his teacher”.

Note: Tuṣāra may denote frost, cold, snow, mist, dew, or drizzle (MW p. 452); here it has been rendered ba-mo (“hoar-frost”).

2) Tuṣāra (तुषार) is also mentioned in the compound Satuṣāra (“accompanied with water-drops”) in verse 3.43.—“[...] these get irritated when the sky is covered with clouds banging down because of their water, (and that) by wind accompanied with drizzle [viz., sa-tuṣāra] and suddenly (turned) cold, ground vapour, water liable to sour digestion and polluted”.

Note: Satuṣāra has been rendered by chu-thigs bcas-pa, which literally means (“accompanied with water-drops”) and precisely agrees with the explanation offered by the commentators (sajalakaṇa, Aruṇadatta & Candranandana; sajalabindu, Indu). The word tuṣāra as such denotes anything from frost to cold, snow, fog, dew, and drizzle (cf. MW p. 452).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Tusāra (तुसार) [=Tuṣāra?] refers to a “fine spray of snow”, according to the Tantrasadbhāva, an important Trika Tantra and a major authority for Kashmiri Trika Śaivites.—Accordingly, “O goddess Umā! one should think of it in the heart. It has the form of a Kadamba bud and is like a fine spray of snow [i.e., tusāratusāram iva śīkaram]. Once seen that supreme radiant energy (tejas), the knowledge of time arises”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tuṣāra (तुषार) refers to a country belonging to “Paścimottara (north-western division)” classified under the constellations of Uttarāṣāḍha, Śravaṇa and Dhaniṣṭhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttarāṣāḍha, Śravaṇa and Dhaniṣṭhā represent the north-western division consisting of [i.e., Tuṣāra] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Tushara in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Tuṣāra (तुषार) refers to “dew” (e.g., ‘dewy nectar’), according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “The moon is on the peak of Meru and has sixteen digits. Facing downwards, it rains dewy nectar (tuṣāra-ābhātuṣārābhāṃ sudhāṃ) day and night”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tuṣāra (तुषार).—m (S) Thin rain, mizzle, drizzle: also spray. 2 Dew.

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tusāra (तुसार).—n tusāradhānya n (tuṣa S through tūsa & dhānya) The crop (of uḍīda, mūga, and various beans) gathered just previously to the kharīpa or autumnal harvest.

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tusāra (तुसार) [or रा, rā].—m (tuṣāra S) Thin rain, spray, drizzle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tuṣāra (तुषार).—n Thin rain, mizzle, drizzle; spray. Dew.

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tusāra (तुसार).—n tusāradhānya n Crop gathered just previous to kharip harvest.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—

1) Name of a people inhabiting the in Vindhya mountain; cf. Vikr.18.93.

2) Tukhār horse; निशम्य तुक्खारखुरक्षतायाः क्षितेस्तनुत्वादिव यस्य कीर्तिम् (niśamya tukkhārakhurakṣatāyāḥ kṣitestanutvādiva yasya kīrtim) Vikr.9.116.

Derivable forms: tuṣāraḥ (तुषारः).

See also (synonyms): tukkhāra, tukhāra.

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Tuṣāra (तुषार).—a. [tuṣ-āran kiñca Uṇādi-sūtra 3.139.] Cold; frigid, frosty or dewy; अपां हि तृप्ताय न वारिधारा स्वादुः सुगन्धिः स्वदते तुषारा (apāṃ hi tṛptāya na vāridhārā svāduḥ sugandhiḥ svadate tuṣārā) N.3.93; Śiśupālavadha 9.7.

-raḥ 1 Frost, cold; तुषार- वृष्टिक्षतपद्मसम्पदाम् (tuṣāra- vṛṣṭikṣatapadmasampadām) Kumārasambhava 5.27.

2) Ice, snow; पदं तुषारस्रुति- धौतरक्तम् (padaṃ tuṣārasruti- dhautaraktam) Kumārasambhava 1.6; प्रपतत्तुषारो हेमन्तकालः (prapatattuṣāro hemantakālaḥ) Ṛtusaṃhāra 4.1.

3) Dew; R.14.84; Ś.5.19.

4) Mist, thin rain, spray, especially of cold water; पृक्तस्तुषारैर्गिरिनिर्झराणाम् (pṛktastuṣārairgirinirjharāṇām) R.2.13;9.68; Uttararāmacarita 5.3.

5) A kind of camphor.

6) A kind of horse; ताजिताः खुरशालाश्च तुषाराश्चोत्तमा हयाः (tājitāḥ khuraśālāśca tuṣārāścottamā hayāḥ) Aśvachikitsā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Cold, frigid, frosty. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Frost. 2. Cold. 3. Thin rain, mist. 4. Ice or snow. 5. The name of a country. E. tuṣ to please, Unadi affix āran.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—[tuṣ + āra], I. adj., f. , Cold, Naiṣ. 3, 93. Ii. m. 1. Mist, Mahābhārata 9, 3632. 2. Thin rain, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 13. 3. Dew, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 115. 4. Hoar frost, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 4, 1. 5. Snow, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 53. 6. see tukhāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—[adjective] cold; [masculine] frost, rime, dew, ice, snow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tuṣāra (तुषार):—mf(ā)n. cold, frigid, [Raghuvaṃśa; Naiṣadha-carita]

2) m. sg. and [plural] frost, cold, snow, mist, dew, thin rain, [Mahābhārata] etc.

3) = -kaṇa, [Śiśupāla-vadha vi, 24]

4) camphor, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

5) [plural] for tukh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार):—(raḥ) 1. m. Frost; cold; ice; mist; a country. a. Cold, frosty.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tuṣāra (तुषार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Tusāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tushara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tushara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार) [Also spelled tushar]:—(nm) frost; ~[kaṇa] snowflakes; ~[pāta] frost-fall; •[honā] lit. to be frost-hit—to be liquidated, to be razed; ~[saha] frost proof; [tuṣārāhata] frost-bitten.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Tusāra (तुसार) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tuṣāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tuṣāra (ತುಷಾರ):—[adjective] of a temperature much lower than that of the human body; cold; chilly; frigid.

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Tuṣāra (ತುಷಾರ):—

1) [noun] the icy crystals that form directly on a freezing surface as moist air contacts it; frost; rime; hoarfrost.

2) [noun] a dewdrop (usu. formed usu. during the night on lawns, etc.).

3) [noun] the glassy, brittle, crystalline form of water made solid by cold; frozen water; ice.

4) [noun] a whitish, translucent, crystalline, pleasant-odoured terpene ketone, C10H16O, obtained from the camphor tree, used chiefly in the manufacture of celluloid and in medicine as a counter-irritant for infections and in the treatment of pain and itching.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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