Tushara, Tuṣāra: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Tushara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tuṣāra can be transliterated into English as Tusara or Tushara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Tushar.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Tuṣāra (तुषार) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Tuṣāra) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Tuṣāra (तुषार) refers to “dew-drops”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] The dew-drops (tuṣāra) as they came in contact with the rays of the sun turned in vapours like the hearts of the people turning pure in association with the good”.

2) Tuṣāra (तुषार) (or “drops of dew”) is used to symbolically represent drops of semen, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] I looked at the face of Satī many a time. I was helpless in curbing the onset of a sensuous organism. Four drops of my semen virile got displaced and fell on the ground like drops of dew (tuṣāra-caya) as a result of staring into her face. O sage, then I was stunned into silence. I was surprised. I became suspicious. I covered up the semen drops lest anyone should see them”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—A place of habitation of ancient Bhārata. Scholars are of opinion that the present Tukhāristan was the ancient Tuṣāra. The people of this place used to be called Tuṣāras and their King Tuṣāra. The King of Tuṣāra was the store-keeper during the Rājasūyayajña of Yudhiṣṭhira, (Chapter 51, Vana Parva). The Pāṇḍavas during their exile crossed this country of Tuṣāra on their way to Dvaitavana from the mountain of Gandhamādana. During the great battle, the Tuṣāras arrayed themselves on the right side of the Krauñca Vyūha (an army formation in the shape of a stork) constructed by Bhīṣma. (Śloka 21, Chapter 75, Bhīṣma Parva). There is a statement in Chapter 65 of Śānti Parva that a barbarous tribe called Tuṣāras lived in the country of Māndhātā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Tuṣāra (तुषार).—A dynasty of 14 rulers, ruled for 105 years [500 years (vā. p.)] after the Yavanas; reigned for 7000 years?*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 172-6; Matsya-purāṇa 273. 19, 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 118; 47. 44; 58. 83; 98. 108; 99. 360. 362.

1b) —(c)—a northern kingdom;1 14 kings of it ruled for 105 years after the Yavanas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 47; 18. 46; 31. 83.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 45; 144. 57.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tushara in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Tuṣāra (तुषार) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is the region of Northern India.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

1) Tuṣāra (तुषार) refers to “hoar-frost”, and is mentioned in verse 2.40-44 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] frontal cold wind (and) hot sun, haze, hoar-frost [viz., tuṣāra], and rough wind—in sneezing, belching, coughing, taking food, falling asleep, (and performing) coitus one shall not twist [...] (all these things) one shall eschew. In all activities of a wise (man) the world alone (is) his teacher”.

Note: Tuṣāra may denote frost, cold, snow, mist, dew, or drizzle (MW p. 452); here it has been rendered ba-mo (“hoar-frost”).

2) Tuṣāra (तुषार) is also mentioned in the compound Satuṣāra (“accompanied with water-drops”) in verse 3.43.—“[...] these get irritated when the sky is covered with clouds banging down because of their water, (and that) by wind accompanied with drizzle [viz., sa-tuṣāra] and suddenly (turned) cold, ground vapour, water liable to sour digestion and polluted”.

Note: Satuṣāra has been rendered by chu-thigs bcas-pa, which literally means (“accompanied with water-drops”) and precisely agrees with the explanation offered by the commentators (sajalakaṇa, Aruṇadatta & Candranandana; sajalabindu, Indu). The word tuṣāra as such denotes anything from frost to cold, snow, fog, dew, and drizzle (cf. MW p. 452).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tuṣāra (तुषार).—m (S) Thin rain, mizzle, drizzle: also spray. 2 Dew.

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tusāra (तुसार).—n tusāradhānya n (tuṣa S through tūsa & dhānya) The crop (of uḍīda, mūga, and various beans) gathered just previously to the kharīpa or autumnal harvest.

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tusāra (तुसार) [or रा, rā].—m (tuṣāra S) Thin rain, spray, drizzle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tuṣāra (तुषार).—n Thin rain, mizzle, drizzle; spray. Dew.

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tusāra (तुसार).—n tusāradhānya n Crop gathered just previous to kharip harvest.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—

1) Name of a people inhabiting the in Vindhya mountain; cf. Vikr.18.93.

2) Tukhār horse; निशम्य तुक्खारखुरक्षतायाः क्षितेस्तनुत्वादिव यस्य कीर्तिम् (niśamya tukkhārakhurakṣatāyāḥ kṣitestanutvādiva yasya kīrtim) Vikr.9.116.

Derivable forms: tuṣāraḥ (तुषारः).

See also (synonyms): tukkhāra, tukhāra.

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Tuṣāra (तुषार).—a. [tuṣ-āran kiñca Uṇ.3.139.] Cold; frigid, frosty or dewy; अपां हि तृप्ताय न वारिधारा स्वादुः सुगन्धिः स्वदते तुषारा (apāṃ hi tṛptāya na vāridhārā svāduḥ sugandhiḥ svadate tuṣārā) N.3.93; Śi.9.7.

-raḥ 1 Frost, cold; तुषार- वृष्टिक्षतपद्मसम्पदाम् (tuṣāra- vṛṣṭikṣatapadmasampadām) Ku.5.27.

2) Ice, snow; पदं तुषारस्रुति- धौतरक्तम् (padaṃ tuṣārasruti- dhautaraktam) Ku.1.6; प्रपतत्तुषारो हेमन्तकालः (prapatattuṣāro hemantakālaḥ) Ṛs.4.1.

3) Dew; R.14.84; Ś.5.19.

4) Mist, thin rain, spray, especially of cold water; पृक्तस्तुषारैर्गिरिनिर्झराणाम् (pṛktastuṣārairgirinirjharāṇām) R.2.13;9.68; U.5.3.

5) A kind of camphor.

6) A kind of horse; ताजिताः खुरशालाश्च तुषाराश्चोत्तमा हयाः (tājitāḥ khuraśālāśca tuṣārāścottamā hayāḥ) Aśvachikitsā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Cold, frigid, frosty. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Frost. 2. Cold. 3. Thin rain, mist. 4. Ice or snow. 5. The name of a country. E. tuṣ to please, Unadi affix āran.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—[tuṣ + āra], I. adj., f. , Cold, Naiṣ. 3, 93. Ii. m. 1. Mist, Mahābhārata 9, 3632. 2. Thin rain, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 13. 3. Dew, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 115. 4. Hoar frost, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 4, 1. 5. Snow, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 53. 6. see tukhāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार).—[adjective] cold; [masculine] frost, rime, dew, ice, snow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tuṣāra (तुषार):—mf(ā)n. cold, frigid, [Raghuvaṃśa; Naiṣadha-carita]

2) m. sg. and [plural] frost, cold, snow, mist, dew, thin rain, [Mahābhārata] etc.

3) = -kaṇa, [Śiśupāla-vadha vi, 24]

4) camphor, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

5) [plural] for tukh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tuṣāra (तुषार):—(raḥ) 1. m. Frost; cold; ice; mist; a country. a. Cold, frosty.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Tuṣāra (तुषार):—[Uṇādisūtra 3, 139.]

1) adj. f. ā kalt (m. Frost, Kälte) [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 21.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1385.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 561.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 164.] satuṣāraśīkaraḥ vanānilaḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 9, 68.] apāṃ hi tṛptāya na vāridhārā svāduḥ sugandhiḥ svadate tuṣārā [Naiṣadhacarita 3, 93.] Vgl. tuṣārakiraṇa, raśmi . —

2) m. a) Nebel, Thau, Reif, Schnee [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 19.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 353.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1072.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] pūrṇacandramiva vyomni tuṣārāvṛtamaṇḍalam [Mahābhārata 9, 3632.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 49, 17.] tuṣārāruṇamaṇḍala (candramas) [3, 22, 13.] jyotsnā tuṣārakaluṣīkṛtā [14.] patana [24.] [Suśruta 1, 20, 12. 22, 3.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 21, 20.] pṛktastuṣārairgirinirjharāṇām Staubregen [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 13.] kundamantastuṣāram Thau [Śākuntala 115.] snapayantī mukhaṃ vāṣpaistuṣārairiva paṅgajam [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 94, 11.] prapatattuṣāro hemantakālaḥ [Ṛtusaṃhāra 4, 1.] śaiśiraṃ ca mahāśailaṃ tuṣāracayasaṃnibham [Harivaṃśa 12386.] tāḍitānāṃ viśīrṇānāṃ vimaladantapaṅktayaḥ . vānarāṇāṃ pradṛśyantāṃ tuṣāranikarā iva .. [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 83, 8.] acalam gauraṃ tuṣāraiḥ [Meghadūta 53.] satuṣāraśītalaḥ vanānilaḥ [Raghuvaṃśa ed. Calc. 9, 68.] tuṣāravarṣīva sahasyacandraḥ [14, 84.] [Pañcatantra 93, 2.] sruti [Kumārasaṃbhava 1, 5.] varṣairvahalaiḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 367.] — b) pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes (s. u. tukhāra). — Vgl. tuhina .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Tuṣāra (तुषार):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) kalt.

2) m. — a) Sg. und Pl. Frost , Kälte ; Nebel , Thau , Reif , Schnee ; Staubregen. — b) Kampfer [Bhāvaprakāśa 4,94.] — c) Pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Viṣṇupurāṇa 4,24,14] (einer Dynastie). tukhāra die schlechteren Ausgaben.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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