Tvac: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Tvac means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tvach.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Tvac (त्वच्):—Sanskrit word for ‘skin’. It is associated with Randhra, which is the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tvac (त्वच्):—A Sanskrit technical term translating to “skin”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Tvac (त्वच्, ‘skin,’ ‘hide’) denotes specially in the Rigveda the hide used in the process of extracting the Soma juice from the plant. The Soma was pounded with stones (adri) upon the skin laid on the pressing boards (adhiṣavaṇe phalake)? which, however, are not mentioned in the Rigveda. Or if a pestle and mortar were used, the skin was still placed underneath them to catch the drops of juice, not above, as Pischel thought.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Tvac (त्वच्, “skin”) (Pali Taca) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., tvac]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Tvac (त्वच्, “bark”).—One of the ten kinds of “plant-bodies” (vanaspati) a soul (jīva) can be reborn as due to karma. Tvac and other plant-bodies are within the animal world (tiryag-gati) which is one of the four divisions of saṃsāra where souls are reborn.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tvac (त्वच्).—6 P. (tvacati) To cover.

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Tvac (त्वच्).—f.

1) Skin (of men, serpents &c.); धत्ते त्वचं रौरवीम् (dhatte tvacaṃ rauravīm) U.4.2; Mv.1.18.

2) Hide (as of a cow, deer &c.); त्वचं स मेध्यां परिधाय रौरवीम् (tvacaṃ sa medhyāṃ paridhāya rauravīm) R.3.31.

3) Bark, rind; न्यस्ताक्षरा धातुरसेन यत्र भूर्जत्वचः कुञ्जरबिन्दुशोणाः (nyastākṣarā dhāturasena yatra bhūrjatvacaḥ kuñjarabinduśoṇāḥ) Ku.1.7; R.2.37;17.12.

4) Any cover or coating.

5) The sense of touch.

6) Cinnamon वल्के लवङ्गवल्के त्वक् (valke lavaṅgavalke tvak) Nm.

7) Surface (of the earth); भूम्या उद्गेव वि त्वचं बिभेद (bhūmyā udgeva vi tvacaṃ bibheda) Rv.1.68. 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvac (त्वच्).—[tvaca] r. 6th cl. (tvacati) To cover, to clothe, to invest. tudā-para-saka-seṭ .

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Tvac (त्वच्).—f. (tvak) 1. Skin. 2. Bark, rind, peel, &c. 3. Woody cassia. E. tan to spread, to encircle or cover, Unadi affix cik, and va substituted for the final letters of the radical; also ac being added tvaca and tvacā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvac (त्वच्).—i. 6, [Parasmaipada.] To cover.

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Tvac (त्वच्).—f. 1. Skin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 90. 2. Hide, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 9. 3. Bark, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvac (त्वच्).—[feminine] skin, hide, bark, rind, cover, surface, cloud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tvac (त्वच्):—1. tvac [class] 6. cati, to cover, [Dhātupāṭha]

2) 2. tvac f. skin (of men, serpents etc.), hide (of goats, cows etc.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. (kṛṣṇā, ‘the black man’, [i, 130, 8])

3) a cow’s hide (used in pressing out the Soma), [i, iii, ix; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xix, 82]

4) a leather bag, [Ṛg-veda v, 33, 7]

5) ([figuratively] ‘a cloud’) i & [ix]

6) bark, rind, peel, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

7) Cassia bark, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxvii, 6; 12; 24; 32]

8) cinnamon, cinnamon tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) a cover (of a horse), [Ṛg-veda viii, 1, 32]

10) surface (of the earth), [, i, 145, 5; x, 68, 4; Atharva-veda vi, 21, 1; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i, 5, 5, 4]

11) with kṛṣṇā or asiknī, ‘the black cover’, darkness, [Ṛg-veda ix, 41, 1 and 73, 5]

12) a mystical Name of the letter ya, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad i, 77.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tvac (त्वच्):—(śa) tvacati 6. a. To cover.

2) (k) 1. f. Skin, bark, rind, peel; woody cassia.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Tvac (त्वच्):—1. (zweisilbig nach [Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 10,4,1,17]) f.

1) Haut , Fell. kṛṣṇā die schwarze Haut So v.a. der schwarze Mann.

2) Haut , so v.a. Schlauch [Ṛgveda (roth). 5,33,7.] Auch bildlich von der Wolke.

3) Rinde (von Pflanzen und Gebäck). —

4) Cassia-Rinde.

5) *Zimmet und Zimmetbaum [Rājan 6,172.] —

6) Decke überh. (z.B. Pferdedecke) , Oberfläche (der Erde). —

7) kṛṣṇā oder asiknī die schwarze Decke , so v.a. Finsterniss , Dunkel.

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Tvac (त्वच्):—2. , tvacati (saṃvaraṇe , vṛtyām)^2.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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