Tvac: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Tvac means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tvach.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Tvac (त्वच्):—Sanskrit word for ‘skin’. It is associated with Randhra, which is the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (rasashaastra)

Tvac (त्वच्) or Tvagvedha refers to one of the Eight Vedhas (of piercing the body) (associated with dehasiddhi), according to the Rasārṇava (vere 18.147-49).—[...] There are, indeed, alchemical procedures which transform bodily constituents but do not involve “eating Dhātus” nor moving vitality (and thus seem unrelated to Amanaska 2.32c). One such example is the eight kinds of piercing the body [e.g., tvag-vedha], which are described in connection with dehasiddhi in Rasārṇava.

Source: History of Science in South Asia: Making Gems in Indian Alchemical Literature

Tvac (त्वच्) refers to the “skin (of a fish)”, according to the Vādakhaṇḍa section of the Rasaratnākara (lit. “jewel mine of mercury”): a 13th century alchemical work in Sanskrit written by Nityanātha.—(Cf. the recipe for Matsyakajjala).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tvac (त्वच्):—A Sanskrit technical term translating to “skin”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Tvac (त्वच्, ‘skin,’ ‘hide’) denotes specially in the Rigveda the hide used in the process of extracting the Soma juice from the plant. The Soma was pounded with stones (adri) upon the skin laid on the pressing boards (adhiṣavaṇe phalake)? which, however, are not mentioned in the Rigveda. Or if a pestle and mortar were used, the skin was still placed underneath them to catch the drops of juice, not above, as Pischel thought.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Tvac (त्वच्, “skin”) (Pali Taca) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., tvac]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Tvac (त्वच्) or “skin” is associated with Prabhāmatī and Kaṅkāla, according to the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Prabhāmatī and Kaṅkāla:

Circle: kāyacakra (mind-wheel) (blue);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Prabhāmatī;
Ḍāka (male consort): Kaṅkāla;
Bīja: oṃ;
Body-part: right ear;
Pīṭha: Oḍiyāna;
Bodily constituent: tvaṅ-mala (skin/filth);
Bodhipakṣa (wings of enlightenment): mīmāṃsā-ṛddhipāda (power of analysis).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Tvac (त्वच्, “bark”).—One of the ten kinds of “plant-bodies” (vanaspati) a soul (jīva) can be reborn as due to karma. Tvac and other plant-bodies are within the animal world (tiryag-gati) which is one of the four divisions of saṃsāra where souls are reborn.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Tvac in India is the name of a plant defined with Cinnamomum verum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Camphora mauritiana Lukman. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Indica (1824)
· Botanist’s Repository (1808)
· Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1826)
· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1892)
· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Tvac, for example diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tvac (त्वच्).—6 P. (tvacati) To cover.

--- OR ---

Tvac (त्वच्).—f.

1) Skin (of men, serpents &c.); धत्ते त्वचं रौरवीम् (dhatte tvacaṃ rauravīm) Uttararāmacarita 4.2; Mv.1.18.

2) Hide (as of a cow, deer &c.); त्वचं स मेध्यां परिधाय रौरवीम् (tvacaṃ sa medhyāṃ paridhāya rauravīm) R.3.31.

3) Bark, rind; न्यस्ताक्षरा धातुरसेन यत्र भूर्जत्वचः कुञ्जरबिन्दुशोणाः (nyastākṣarā dhāturasena yatra bhūrjatvacaḥ kuñjarabinduśoṇāḥ) Kumārasambhava 1.7; R.2.37;17.12.

4) Any cover or coating.

5) The sense of touch.

6) Cinnamon वल्के लवङ्गवल्के त्वक् (valke lavaṅgavalke tvak) Nm.

7) Surface (of the earth); भूम्या उद्गेव वि त्वचं बिभेद (bhūmyā udgeva vi tvacaṃ bibheda) Ṛgveda 1.68. 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvac (त्वच्).—[tvaca] r. 6th cl. (tvacati) To cover, to clothe, to invest. tudā-para-saka-seṭ .

--- OR ---

Tvac (त्वच्).—f. (tvak) 1. Skin. 2. Bark, rind, peel, &c. 3. Woody cassia. E. tan to spread, to encircle or cover, Unadi affix cik, and va substituted for the final letters of the radical; also ac being added tvaca and tvacā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvac (त्वच्).—i. 6, [Parasmaipada.] To cover.

--- OR ---

Tvac (त्वच्).—f. 1. Skin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 90. 2. Hide, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 9. 3. Bark, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvac (त्वच्).—[feminine] skin, hide, bark, rind, cover, surface, cloud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tvac (त्वच्):—1. tvac [class] 6. cati, to cover, [Dhātupāṭha]

2) 2. tvac f. skin (of men, serpents etc.), hide (of goats, cows etc.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. (kṛṣṇā, ‘the black man’, [i, 130, 8])

3) a cow’s hide (used in pressing out the Soma), [i, iii, ix; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xix, 82]

4) a leather bag, [Ṛg-veda v, 33, 7]

5) ([figuratively] ‘a cloud’) i & [ix]

6) bark, rind, peel, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

7) Cassia bark, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxvii, 6; 12; 24; 32]

8) cinnamon, cinnamon tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) a cover (of a horse), [Ṛg-veda viii, 1, 32]

10) surface (of the earth), [, i, 145, 5; x, 68, 4; Atharva-veda vi, 21, 1; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i, 5, 5, 4]

11) with kṛṣṇā or asiknī, ‘the black cover’, darkness, [Ṛg-veda ix, 41, 1 and 73, 5]

12) a mystical Name of the letter ya, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad i, 77.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tvac (त्वच्):—(śa) tvacati 6. a. To cover.

2) (k) 1. f. Skin, bark, rind, peel; woody cassia.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tvac (त्वच्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tayā, Vappa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tvac in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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