Tvac; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tvac means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tvach.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Tvac (त्वच्):—Sanskrit word for ‘skin’. It is associated with Randhra, which is the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Tvac (त्वच्):—A Sanskrit technical term translating to “skin”, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Tvac (त्वच्, ‘skin,’ ‘hide’) denotes specially in the Rigveda the hide used in the process of extracting the Soma juice from the plant. The Soma was pounded with stones (adri) upon the skin laid on the pressing boards (adhiṣavaṇe phalake)? which, however, are not mentioned in the Rigveda. Or if a pestle and mortar were used, the skin was still placed underneath them to catch the drops of juice, not above, as Pischel thought.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Tvac (त्वच्, “skin”) (Pali Taca) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., tvac]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Tvac (त्वच्, “bark”).—One of the ten kinds of “plant-bodies” (vanaspati) a soul (jīva) can be reborn as due to karma. Tvac and other plant-bodies are within the animal world (tiryag-gati) which is one of the four divisions of saṃsāra where souls are reborn.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tvac (त्वच्).—6 P. (tvacati) To cover.

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Tvac (त्वच्).—f.

1) Skin (of men, serpents &c.); धत्ते त्वचं रौरवीम् (dhatte tvacaṃ rauravīm) U.4.2; Mv.1.18.

2) Hide (as of a cow, deer &c.); त्वचं स मेध्यां परिधाय रौरवीम् (tvacaṃ sa medhyāṃ paridhāya rauravīm) R.3.31.

3) Bark, rind; न्यस्ताक्षरा धातुरसेन यत्र भूर्जत्वचः कुञ्जरबिन्दुशोणाः (nyastākṣarā dhāturasena yatra bhūrjatvacaḥ kuñjarabinduśoṇāḥ) Ku.1.7; R.2.37;17.12.

4) Any cover or coating.

5) The sense of touch.

6) Cinnamon वल्के लवङ्गवल्के त्वक् (valke lavaṅgavalke tvak) Nm.

7) Surface (of the earth); भूम्या उद्गेव वि त्वचं बिभेद (bhūmyā udgeva vi tvacaṃ bibheda) Rv.1.68. 4.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 59 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tvakpatra
Tvakpatra (त्वक्पत्र).—n. (-traṃ) Woody cassia. f. (-trī) A medicinal and vegetable substances:...
Tvagindriya
Tvagindriya (त्वगिन्द्रिय).—the organ of touch. Derivable forms: tvagindriyam (त्वगिन्द्रियम्)....
Tvagbhedaka
Tvagbhedaka (त्वग्भेदक).—m. (-kaḥ) A stabber, a scratcher, one who draws blood from the skin. E...
Bahutvac
Bahutvac (बहुत्वच्).—m. (-tvak) The Bhurja-patra, or Birch tree. E. bahu much, and tvac bark: s...
Tvagroga
Tvagroga (त्वग्रोग).—m. (-gaḥ) 1. Leprosy. 2. Any cutaneous disease. E. tvac, and roga disease.
Tvagankura
Tvagaṅkura (त्वगङ्कुर).—m. (-raḥ) Erection of the hairs of the body. E. tvac or tvak skin, and ...
Tvaggandha
Tvaggandha (त्वग्गन्ध).—m. (-ndhaḥ) An orange. E. tvac rind, gandha smell.
Picchilatvac
Picchilatvac (पिच्छिलत्वच्).—m. (-tvak) 1. An orange. 2. Orange-peel. E. picchila said to mean ...
Asthitvac
Asthitvac (अस्थित्वच्).—f. (-tvak) The periosteum. E. asthi and tvac skin.
Suptatvac
Suptatvac (सुप्तत्वच्).—mfn. (-tvak) Benumbed, paralytic. E. supta, tvac the skin.
Gudatvac
Guḍatvac (गुडत्वच्).—n. (-tvak) The aromatic bark of the Laurus cassia. E. guḍa sugar, and tvac...
Vishalatvac
Viśālatvac (विशालत्वच्).—m. (-tvak) A tree, (Echites scholaris.) “saptacchadavṛkṣe” E. viśāla l...
Surabhitvac
Surabhitvac (सुरभित्वच्).—n. (-tvak) Large cardamoms. E. surabhi fragrant, tvac bark.
Tvagdosha
Tvagdoṣa (त्वग्दोष).—m. (-ṣaḥ) Leprosy. E. tvak, and doṣa fault.
Mastishkatvac
Mastiṣkatvac (मस्तिष्कत्वच्).—f. (-tvak) The membrance surrounding the brain.

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