Racana, Racanā: 22 definitions


Racana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Rachana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Racana (रचन) refers to the “construction” (viz., of the universe), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.26. Accordingly as Śiva said to Nanda, after the latter cursed Dakṣa (and others):—“[...] Who is this? Who are you? Who are these? In reality I am all. Consider everything in this light. In vain did you curse the Brahmins. Extracting the fundamental basis of the construction of the universe (prapañca-racana) through the knowledge of reality, be enlightened and self-assured, O intelligent one. Be free from anger and other emotions”.

2) Racana (रचन) refers to the “composition” (of the Purāṇas), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.16 (“The battle of the gods”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā and the Gods eulogized Viṣṇu: “[...] Obeisance to you of the form of Vedavyāsa who classified the Vedas and who wrote the Purāṇas (purāṇa-racana) for the welfare of the worlds. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Racanā (रचना).—A Daitya lady and queen of Tvaṣṭa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 44.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Racanā (रचना) refers to “(the universe full of) many creations”, according tot the Mataṅgapārameśvara (Caryāpāda) verse 9.5-14, 16-21ab, in the section on expiation (prāyaścitta).—Accordingly, “[...] Always bearing (patiently) heat and cold and ever friendly and compassionate, O best of sages, (he practices) contemplating the universe within himself or else (he abides in the thought that) ‘I, who have conquered the mind by Yoga am all things and abide (thus) within this universe’. The universe (stands) manifest (before him), the support of many (beings) and full of many creations (racanā), possesses myriads of states of being, the abode of many multitudes of energies (‘letters’). [...]”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Racana (रचन) refers to the “preparation (of the path of existence)” [?], according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] O goddess, I praise you with mind and speech. [...] Dwelling originally in the abode of Śiva, you multiply yourself sixfold and prepare (racana-udbhava) the path of existence where you nurture wonderful and manifold creation with your own six forms. You shed moonlight on the path of Suṣumṇā that is charming due to the beautiful appearance of the six lotuses serving as [your] bases”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Racanā (रचना) refers to a “treatise”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 1), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Glory be to the Sun who is the author and the Soul of the Universe, the ornament of the firmament and who is enveloped in a thousand rays of the colour of molten gold. Having correctly examined the substance of the voluminous works of the sages of the past, I attempt to write a clear treatise [i.e., racanā] neither too long nor too short”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kama-shastra (the science of Love-making)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (kama)

Racana (रचन) or Śayanaracana refers to the “arrangement (of bed, sofa, divan etc.)”, representing one of the “sixty four kinds of Art”, according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa.—Indian tradition, basically includes sixty four Art forms are acknowledged. The references of sixty four kinds of kalā are found in the Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Śaiva-Tantras, Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa etc.

Kamashastra book cover
context information

Kamashastra (कामशास्त्र, kāmaśāstra) deals with ancient Indian science of love-making, passion, emotions and other related topics dealing with the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

racanā : (f.) arrangement; a treatise.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Racanā, (f.) (fr. rac) 1. arrangement (of flowers in a garland) VvA. 354.—2. composition (of a book) Sdhp. 619. (Page 561)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

racanā (रचना).—f (S) Arranging, disposing, placing orderly; arrangement in general, lit. fig. (as of things, lines, verses &c.); stringing together. 2 Concerting or planning. 3 S Making or preparing in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

racanā (रचना).—f Arrangement; stringing to- gether, planning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Racana (रचन) or Racanā (रचना).—[rac-yuc]

1) Arrangement, preparation, disposition; अभिषेक°, संगीत° (abhiṣeka°, saṃgīta°) &c.

2) Formation, creation, production; अन्यैव कापि रचना वचनावलीनाम् (anyaiva kāpi racanā vacanāvalīnām) Bv.1.69; so भ्रुकुटिरचना (bhrukuṭiracanā) Meghadūta 52; शृङ्गारोत्तरसत्प्रमेयरचनैराचार्यगोवर्धनः (śṛṅgārottarasatprameyaracanairācāryagovardhanaḥ) Gīt.

3) performance, completion, accomplishment, effecting; कुरु मम वचनं सत्वररचनम् (kuru mama vacanaṃ satvararacanam) Gītagovinda 5; R.1.77.

4) A literary work or production, work, composition; संक्षिप्ता वस्तुरचना (saṃkṣiptā vasturacanā) S. D.422.

5) Dressing the hair.

6) An array or arrangement of troops.

7) A creation of the mind, an artificial fancy.

8) Stringing together (flowers &c.).

9) Contrivance, invention.

1) Fixing the feathers on an arrow.

Derivable forms: racanam (रचनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Racanā (रचना).—f.

(-nā) 1. Orderly and becoming arrangement or disposition in general. 2. Decoration or dressing of hair. 3. Stringing flowers, &c., weaving wreaths, chaplets, or similar decorations. 4. Military array, arrangement of troops. 5. Literary composition, whether in verse or prose. 6. Suspending garlands, &c. at the doors of a house or building on festival occasions. 7. Making or preparing any thing. E. rac to make, to manufacture, aff. yuc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Racanā (रचना).—[rac + anā], f. 1. Making, work, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 83, 4; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 26, 283 (kanaka-, f. Being made, built, of gold.) 2. Orderly arrangement. 3. Dressing of the hair. 4. Stringing flowers. 5. Suspending garlands. 6. The arrangement of troops, [Pañcatantra] 9, 23. 7. Composition, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 380; literary composition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Racana (रचन).—[neuter] arranging, managing, preparing, writing, composing; [feminine] ā arrangement, disposition, preparation, contrivance, bringing about, putting in or on, finding out, invention, fiction; style, literary composition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Racana (रचन):—[from rac] n. the act of making, forming, arranging, preparing, composing, [Kāvya literature]

2) [v.s. ...] mostly f(ā). arrangement, disposition, management, accomplishment, performance, preparation, production, fabrication, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a literary production, work, composition, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] style, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] putting on, wearing (of a garment), [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

6) [v.s. ...] arrangement (of troops), array, [Pañcatantra]

7) [v.s. ...] contrivance, invention, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] a creation of the mind, artificial image, [Jaimini]

9) [v.s. ...] fixing the feathers on an arrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] dressing the hair (cf. keśa-r), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] stringing flowers or garlands, [Horace H. Wilson] (often ifc. with concrete meaning e.g. nivāsa-recanā, a building, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]; gīti-racanā, a song, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]; kūṭa-racanā, an artifice, trick, [Kathāsaritsāgara]; [according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also = pari-spanda or pari-syanda, prati-yatna, granthana, gumpha, vyūha, niveśa, sthiti; also = pāśa, bhāra etc., abundance, quantity ifc. after a word meaning ‘hair’; cf. [Pāṇini 2-3, 44 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

12) Racanā (रचना):—[from racana > rac] f. Name of the wife of Tvaṣṭṛ, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Racanā (रचना):—(nā) 1. f. Orderly arrangement; preparation; composition; decoration; military array.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Racana (रचन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Rayaṇa, Rayaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Racana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Racanā (रचना) [Also spelled rachna]:—(nf) composition, artistic creation; structure; (v) to create, to compose; to make; to form, to construct; ~[kāra] author, writer, creator; -[taṃtra] structure, set-up; system.

2) Racānā (रचाना) [Also spelled rachana]:—(v) to organise (as [rāsa]-); to stain (as [mehaṃdī]-).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Racana (ರಚನ):—

1) [noun] the act or process of constructing; construction.

2) [noun] a beautiful, attractive thing.

3) [noun] the state of being ready; readiness; preparation.

4) [noun] the act or an instance of achieving; achievement.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Racanā (रचना):—n. 1. creation; composition; 2. structure; model; layout; 3. building; forming; making; 4. establishment; production; arrangement;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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