Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 4.33.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ज्ये॒ष्ठ आ॑ह चम॒सा द्वा क॒रेति॒ कनी॑या॒न्त्रीन्कृ॑णवा॒मेत्या॑ह । क॒नि॒ष्ठ आ॑ह च॒तुर॑स्क॒रेति॒ त्वष्ट॑ ऋभव॒स्तत्प॑नय॒द्वचो॑ वः ॥
ज्येष्ठ आह चमसा द्वा करेति कनीयान्त्रीन्कृणवामेत्याह । कनिष्ठ आह चतुरस्करेति त्वष्ट ऋभवस्तत्पनयद्वचो वः ॥
jyeṣṭha āha camasā dvā kareti kanīyān trīn kṛṇavāmety āha | kaniṣṭha āha caturas kareti tvaṣṭa ṛbhavas tat panayad vaco vaḥ ||

English translation:

“The eldest said, let us make two ladles; the younger said, let us make three: Tvaṣṭā, Ṛbhus, has applauded your proposal.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vāmadevo gautamaḥ [vāmadeva gautama];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): ṛbhavaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): triṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ज्ये॒ष्ठः । आ॒ह॒ । च॒म॒सा । द्वा । क॒र॒ । इति॑ । कनी॑यान् । त्रीन् । कृ॒ण॒वा॒म॒ । इति॑ । आ॒ह॒ । क॒नि॒ष्ठः । आ॒ह॒ । च॒तुरः॑ । क॒र॒ । इति॑ । त्वष्टा॑ । ऋ॒भ॒वः॒ । तत् । प॒न॒य॒त् । वचः॑ । वः॒ ॥
ज्येष्ठः । आह । चमसा । द्वा । कर । इति । कनीयान् । त्रीन् । कृणवाम । इति । आह । कनिष्ठः । आह । चतुरः । कर । इति । त्वष्टा । ऋभवः । तत् । पनयत् । वचः । वः ॥
jyeṣṭhaḥ | āha | camasā | dvā | kara | iti | kanīyān | trīn | kṛṇavāma | iti | āha | kan iṣṭhaḥ | āha | caturaḥ | kara | iti | tvaṣṭā | ṛbhavaḥ | tat | panayat | vacaḥ | vaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 4.33.5 English analysis of grammar]

jyeṣṭha < jyeṣṭhaḥ < jyeṣṭha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“firstborn; best; first; excellent; highest; jyeṣṭha [word].”

āha < ah

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“describe; state; say; enumerate; call; name; teach; tell; deem; explain; say; define.”

camasā < camasa

[noun], accusative, dual, masculine

“camasa; beaker; cake.”

dvā < dvi

[noun], accusative, dual, masculine

“two; dvi [word]; second.”

kareti < karā < kṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist conj./subj.

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

kareti < iti

[adverb]

“thus; so; iti [word].”

kanīyān < kanīyas

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“younger; less; smaller; kanīyas [word]; inferior; precedent.”

trīn < tri

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“three; tri/tisṛ [word].”

kṛṇavāmety < kṛṇavāmā < kṛ

[verb], plural, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

kṛṇavāmety < iti

[adverb]

“thus; so; iti [word].”

āha < ah

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“describe; state; say; enumerate; call; name; teach; tell; deem; explain; say; define.”

kaniṣṭha < kaniṣṭhaḥ < kaniṣṭha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“worst; youngest.”

āha < ah

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“describe; state; say; enumerate; call; name; teach; tell; deem; explain; say; define.”

caturas < caturaḥ < catur

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“four; catur [word].”

kareti < karā < kṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist conj./subj.

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

kareti < iti

[adverb]

“thus; so; iti [word].”

tvaṣṭa < tvaṣṭṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Tvaṣṭṛ; Viśvakarman; sun.”

ṛbhavas < ṛbhavaḥ < ṛbhu

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Ribhus.”

tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

panayad < panayat < panay < √pan

[verb], singular, Present injunctive

vaco < vacaḥ < vacas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“statement; command; speech; words; advice; word; voice.”

vaḥ < tvad

[noun], genitive, plural

“you.”

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