Tvashtra, Tvaṣṭra, Tvāṣṭra: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Tvashtra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Tvaṣṭra and Tvāṣṭra can be transliterated into English as Tvastra or Tvashtra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tvashtra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Tvaṣṭra (त्वष्ट्र).—An architect of Gods; he built Dvāravati for Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 69. 7.

2) Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र).—A division of the night.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 43. Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 44.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र) is another name for Citrā, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Citrā [i.e., tvāṣṭra] will be dealers in jewels, precious stones, fine cloths, writers and singers, manufacturers of perfumes, good mathematicians, weavers, surgeons, oculists and dealers in Rājadhānya. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र).—a. [tvaṣṭā devatā asya aṇ] Belonging to Tvaṣṭṛ; U.6.3. (v. l.).

-ṣṭrī 1 The asterism चित्रा (citrā).

2) A small car.

-ṣṭram The creative power.

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Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र).—a. Belonging or coming from त्वष्टृ (tvaṣṭṛ); त्वाष्ट्रं यद् दस्रावपिकक्ष्यं वाम् (tvāṣṭraṃ yad dasrāvapikakṣyaṃ vām) Rv.1.117.22.

-ṣṭraḥ Vṛtra; येनावृता इमे लोकास्तमसा त्वाष्ट्रमूर्तिना । स वै वृत्र इति प्रोक्तः पापः परमदारुणः (yenāvṛtā ime lokāstamasā tvāṣṭramūrtinā | sa vai vṛtra iti proktaḥ pāpaḥ paramadāruṇaḥ) || Bhāg.6.9.18;11.12.5.

-ṣṭrī 1 The asterism Chitra.

2) A small car.

-ṣṭram 1 Creative power; तपःसारमयं त्वाष्ट्रं वृत्रो येन विपाटितः (tapaḥsāramayaṃ tvāṣṭraṃ vṛtro yena vipāṭitaḥ) Bhāg.8.11.35.

2) Copper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र).—m.

(-ṣṭraḥ) The name of a demon, also called Vritrasura. nf. (-ṣṭraṃ-ṣṭrī) One of the lunar mansions, the fourteenth or Chitra. f. (-ṣṭrī) 1. A wife of Surya, or the sun; also called Sanjna, the daughter of Viswakarma. 2. A small car. E. tvaṣṭṛ the sun, or a carpenter, aṇ affix of relation or descent, and ṅīp fem. aff. tvaṣṭā devatā asya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र).—i. e. tvaṣṭṛ + a, I. adj. Referring to or made by Tvaṣṭṛ, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 29, 19. Ii. m. The name of an Asura or demon, Mahābhārata 5, 504 = Vṛtra, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 9, 17. Iii. f. , The daughter of Tvaṣṭṛ, and wife of Sūrya, Mahābhārata 1, 2599. Iv. n. The power of Tvaṣtṛ, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 11, 35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र).—[adjective] belonging to Tvaṣṭṛ; [masculine] his son, a patron. name.

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Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र).—[adjective] belonging to Tvaṣṭṛ; [masculine] his son, a patron. name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र):—[from tvaṣṭa] mfn. belonging to or coming from, [Tvaṣṭṛ i; Ṛg-veda i, 117, 22; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. (putra, ‘son of T°’ [Prabodha-candrodaya ii, 31])

2) [v.s. ...] having T° as regent, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā viii, 37; Jyotiṣa] (Yv.) 6 [Scholiast or Commentator]

3) [v.s. ...] m. the son of T° (Viśva-rūpa, [Ṛg-veda] etc.; Ābhūti, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv] Vṛtra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 9, 17; xi, 12, 5]; Tri-śiras, [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā])

4) [v.s. ...] Name of an eclipse, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā iiic, 2]

5) [v.s. ...] n. T°’s energy, creative power, [Ṛg-veda iii, 7, 4; Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 11, 35]

6) [v.s. ...] the asterism Citrā, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvāṣṭra (त्वाष्ट्र):—(ṣṭraḥ) 1. m. A name of a demon. n. f. A lunar mansion. f. (ṣṭī) Wife of the sun; small car.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tvashtra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tvāṣṭra (ತ್ವಾಷ್ಟ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being rash, rough, unnecessarily violent or tending to commit infractions of the rules.

2) [noun] a man with wretched habits.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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