Satyaki, Sātyaki: 16 definitions


Satyaki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Sātyaki (सात्यकि).—The son of Śini, and a prominent member of the Yadu dynasty. He was an intimate friend of Lord Kṛṣṇa and student of Arjuna. He fought during the Kurukṣetra war and killed many kings on the side of the Kauravas.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sātyaki (सात्यकि).—(YUYUDHĀNA). A Yādava, who was a warrior of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty and a friend of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Yadu-Sahasrajit-Śatajit-Hehaya-Dharma-Kuni-Bhadrasena-Dhanaka-Kṛtavīrya-Kārttavīryārjuna-Madhu-Vṛṣṇi-Yudhājit-Śini-Satyaka-Sātyaki. (See full article at Story of Sātyaki from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sātyaki (सात्यकि).—(also Śaineya and Yuyudhāna) a son of Satyaka;1 followed Kṛṣṇa to Hāstinapura and was welcomed. Returned back to Dvārakā with him. Followed the Vṛṣṇi host to the city of Bāṇa and fought with Kumbhāṇḍa, his minister;2 learnt the secrets of archery from Arjuna;3 defended the western gate of Mathurā, being on the right detachment of Kṛṣṇa's army: pursued the retreating enemy to five yojanas and came out successful;4 entered Yādava sabhā with Kṛṣṇa and Rāma and was honoured. Defended Dvārakā and expelled Sālva's army;5 went to see the Pāṇḍavas at Upaplāvya; was consulted by Kṛṣṇa on the eve of his war with Jarāsandha. Joined Yadus in defeating Pauṇḍraka;6 went with the sacrificial horse of Kṛṣṇa; fought with Aniruddha at Prabhāsa;7 survived Kurukṣetra war;8 was killed in Yādava battle at Prabhāsa.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 18; IX. 24. 13-14; Matsya-purāṇa 45. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 63; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 2.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 13. 16 [1]; X. 58. 1 and 6, 28; 63. 3 and 8; [51 (v) 3031; 59. 63].
  • 3) Ib. III. 1. 31 and 35.
  • 4) Ib. X. 50. 20 [4]; [50 (V) 12], [30]; [51 (V) 25].
  • 5) IbX. [42 (V) 13-14]; 52 [56 (V) 1]; 76. 14; 77. 4.
  • 6) IbX. 78 [95 (V) 2]; [50 (V) 8 and 28].
  • 7) Ib. X. 89. 22 [2]; XI. 30. 16.
  • 8) Ib. X. 80. [3].
  • 9) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 46.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sātyaki (सात्यकि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.72) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sātyaki) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Sātyaki (सात्यकि) refers to one of the sons of Kroṣṭā and grandson of Yadu, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Nahuṣa married Virajā (the daughter of Pitṛ) and was blessed with five sons of whom Yayāti was the most famous. Yayāti had two wives—Devayānī and Śarmiṣṭhā. Devayānī gave birth to Yadu and Turvasu. [...] The Son of Yadu was Kroṣṭā in whose race the most glorious kings were born. The text only names them as [viz., Sātyaki].

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Satyaki was a Yadava warrior, the grandson of the great warrior Sini. He was also called Yuyudhana. He was a close friend of Arjuna and was also his disciple. He was a great archer, just like his Guru.

He fought the Kurukshetra war on the side of the Pandavas. He brought eternal shame on the Yadavas by slaying his enemy Bhurisravas, when he was meditating in the battlefield.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Satyaki (सत्यकि): A Yadava warrior, friend of Krishna and the Pandavas who advocated collecting their forces and defeating the unrighteous Duryodhana.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Satyaki (सत्यकि) is the name of an ancient teacher from Ratnapura, according to chapter 5.1 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] In this town (Ratnapura) there lived a teacher of all the townsmen, a depository of arts, named Satyaki, adorned with pupils who were receptacles of intelligence. Kapila went every day to Satyaki’s school and solved the doubts of the students who asked questions. In astonishment Satyaki, knowing the collection of Vedic texts, questioned him from curiosity about the esoteric meanings, difficult to know, of the sacred books. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sātyaki (सात्यकि).—Name of a Yādava warrior, who acted as charioteer to Kṛṣṇa, and took part with the Pāṇḍavas in the great war.

Derivable forms: sātyakiḥ (सात्यकिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sātyaki (सात्यकि).—m.

(-kiḥ) A hero of the Yadava family who acted as charioteer to Krishna and was a staunch adherent of the Pandavas in the great war.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sātyaki (सात्यकि).—m. The charioteer of Kṛṣṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sātyaki (सात्यकि).—[masculine] patron. of Yuyudhāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sātyaki (सात्यकि):—[from sātya] m. ([from] satyaka) [patronymic] of Yuyudhāna (a warrior in the Pāṇḍu army who acted as the charioteer of Kṛṣṇa and belonged to the Vṛṣṇi family), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sātyaki (सात्यकि):—(kiḥ) 2. m. The charioteer of Krishna.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Satyaki (सत्यकि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saccai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Satyaki in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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