Kritavarman, aka: Kṛtavarman, Krita-varman; 5 Definition(s)
Kritavarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Kṛtavarman can be transliterated into English as Krtavarman or Kritavarman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Katha (narrative stories)
Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्) is the name of a King, who had a daughter named Mṛgāvatī (an incarnation of the apsara Alambuṣā ), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. His queen was named Kalāvatī.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kṛtavarman, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1a) Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्).—The eldest son of Hṛdīka.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 28; IX. 24. 27; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 140; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 81; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 139; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 14. 24.
1b) A son of Dhanaka.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 23.
1c) Was stationed to defend the East gate of Mathurā by Kṛṣṇa. Defeated Kūpakarṇa, a minister of Bāṇa; was sent to Hāstinapura by Kṛṣṇa to find out whether Pānḍavas had captured Drupada. He went and met Droṇa, Vidura and others, when Yudhiṣṭhīra made enquiries of Kṛṣṇa. He returned to Dvārakā after taking leave of them and narrated to Kṛṣṇa as he saw and heard; joined with Akrūra to set up Śatadhanvan to kill Satrājit and take the jewel Syamantaka (s.v.) as he did not give his daughter in marriage as promised. Refused to help Śatadhanvan who solicited for it.1 Was sent with the sacrificial horse of Kṛṣṇa.2 After the rājasūya, he was sent to Dvārakā for its defence.3 Went to Upalāvya to see the Pāṇḍavas, and to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.4 His son was married to Cārumatī, a daughter of Rukminī.5 Survived Kurukṣetra war;6 Heard of Śatadhanva's death at Kṛṣṇa's hands, and left Dvārakā in fear.7 Got killed in the general Yādava contest.8
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 20; [51 (V) 25], [30-31 and 64]; [56 (V) 2-15]; 57. 3-18; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 67-83.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8-9. 22 .
- 3) Ib. X. 76. 7.
- 4) Ib. X. 78 [95 (V) 3]; 82. 7.
- 5) Ib. X. 61. 24.
- 6) Ib. X. 80. .
- 7) Ib. X. 57, 29.
- 8) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 46.
1d) A son of Kanaka.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 8.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Kritavarman was the chief of the Bhojas, and the son of Hridika. The Bhojas were the traditional allies of the Vrishni's and Kritavarman was a particular friend of Satyaki. However, when it was time to chose sides in the great battle of Kurukshetra, Kritavarman went over to the side of the Kauravas, and Satyaki naturally fought on the side of the Pandavas, along with the other prominent Vrishnis.Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
General definition (in Jainism)
Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्) is the father of Vimalanātha: the thirteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—His father’s name is Kṛtavarman and mother’s name is Suramyā. His birth occurred in Kāmpilya (Kāmpil in Furrukhabad), the Southern capital of the Pāñcāla.Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्).—m. Name of a warrior on the side of the Kauravas who with Kṛpa and Aśvatthāman survived the general havoc of the great Bhārata war. He was afterwards slain by Sātyaki.
Kṛtavarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and varman (वर्मन्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+9): Hridika, Hardikya, Hridikatmaja, Hardika, Balin, Carumati, Kampilya, Sauptikaparvan, Suramya, Krtagni, Kampilapura, Kupakarna, Kritavarma, Yaduvamsha, Alambusha, Shatadhanvan, Mrigavati, Kripa, Kalavati, Vimalanatha.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Kritavarman, Kṛtavarman, Krtavarman, Krita-varman, Kṛta-varman, Krta-varman; (plurals include: Kritavarmans, Kṛtavarmans, Krtavarmans, varmans). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 3: Vimala’s parents (king Kṛtavarman and queen Śyāmā) < [Chapter III - Vimalanāthacaritra]
Part 5: Vimala’s life before initiation < [Chapter III - Vimalanāthacaritra]
Part 20: Bharata’s pūjā and stutis to the Arhats < [Chapter VI]
Chapter 7 - Satyaki Follows the Path of Arjuna < [Drona Parva]
Chapter 1 - Ashvatthama Destroys the Pandava Army < [Sauptika Parva]
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CLXXXVIII < [Swayamvara Parva]
Section CCXXIII < [Haranaharana Parva]
Section LXVII < [Sambhava Parva]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XIII - An account of the sons of Satvata < [Book IV]
Chapter XIV - Dynasty of Anamitra and Andhaka < [Book IV]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)