Kritavarman, Kṛtavarman, Krita-varman: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kritavarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtavarman can be transliterated into English as Krtavarman or Kritavarman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kritavarman in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्) is the name of a King, who had a daughter named Mṛgāvatī (an incarnation of the apsara Alambuṣā ), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. His queen was named Kalāvatī.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kṛtavarman, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kritavarman in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्).—The eldest son of Hṛdīka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 28; IX. 24. 27; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 140; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 81; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 139; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 14. 24.

1b) A son of Dhanaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 23.

1c) Was stationed to defend the East gate of Mathurā by Kṛṣṇa. Defeated Kūpakarṇa, a minister of Bāṇa; was sent to Hāstinapura by Kṛṣṇa to find out whether Pānḍavas had captured Drupada. He went and met Droṇa, Vidura and others, when Yudhiṣṭhīra made enquiries of Kṛṣṇa. He returned to Dvārakā after taking leave of them and narrated to Kṛṣṇa as he saw and heard; joined with Akrūra to set up Śatadhanvan to kill Satrājit and take the jewel Syamantaka (s.v.) as he did not give his daughter in marriage as promised. Refused to help Śatadhanvan who solicited for it.1 Was sent with the sacrificial horse of Kṛṣṇa.2 After the rājasūya, he was sent to Dvārakā for its defence.3 Went to Upalāvya to see the Pāṇḍavas, and to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.4 His son was married to Cārumatī, a daughter of Rukminī.5 Survived Kurukṣetra war;6 Heard of Śatadhanva's death at Kṛṣṇa's hands, and left Dvārakā in fear.7 Got killed in the general Yādava contest.8

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 20[2]; [51 (V) 25], [30-31 and 64]; [56 (V) 2-15]; 57. 3-18; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 67-83.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8-9. 22 [2].
  • 3) Ib. X. 76. 7[5].
  • 4) Ib. X. 78 [95 (V) 3]; 82. 7.
  • 5) Ib. X. 61. 24.
  • 6) Ib. X. 80. [2].
  • 7) Ib. X. 57, 29.
  • 8) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 46.

1d) A son of Kanaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 8.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्) is one of the three sons of Kṛtavīrya and the grandson of Dhanaka, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Dhanaka was the son of Dharmanetra and his son was Kṛtavīrya, who had three sons—Kārtavīrya, Kṛtāgni and Kṛtavarman.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Kritavarman in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Kritavarman was the chief of the Bhojas, and the son of Hridika. The Bhojas were the traditional allies of the Vrishni's and Kritavarman was a particular friend of Satyaki. However, when it was time to chose sides in the great battle of Kurukshetra, Kritavarman went over to the side of the Kauravas, and Satyaki naturally fought on the side of the Pandavas, along with the other prominent Vrishnis.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kritavarman in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्) is the father of Vimalanātha: the thirteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—His father’s name is Kṛtavarman and mother’s name is Suramyā. His birth occurred in Kāmpilya (Kāmpil in Furrukhabad), the Southern capital of the Pāñcāla.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्) is the name of an ancient king from Kāmpīlya and father of Vimala, according to chapter 4.3 [vimalanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now in Jambūdvīpa there is a city Kāmpīlya, the ornament of Bharatakṣetra, like a piece of heaven that has fallen. [...] Its king was Kṛtavarman, like an adamantine armor for those who, defeated by fate, had come for protection. The water of the Gaṅgā and his glory, delighting the earth on all sides as if in rivalry with each other, reached the ocean. [...] He had a wife, Śyāmā, like night to the sun, the face-ornament of all the harem. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritavarman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्).—m. Name of a warrior on the side of the Kauravas who with Kṛpa and Aśvatthāman survived the general havoc of the great Bhārata war. He was afterwards slain by Sātyaki.

Kṛtavarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and varman (वर्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्) or Apahāravarman or Avantivarman or Gopālavarman.—

Kṛtavarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and varman (वर्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्):—[=kṛta-varman] [from kṛta > kṛ] m. Name of several princes, especially of a son of Hṛdika and of a son of Kanaka or Dhanaka, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the father of the thirteenth Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्):—(kṛta + varman) m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Fürsten, namentlich eines Sohnes des Hṛdika und eines des Kanaka oder Dhanaka [Mahābhārata 1, 562. 2433. 2716. 6998. 7991. 10, 528.] [Harivaṃśa 1850. 2036. 6626. 6645. 6647. 8058. 8077.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 417. 436.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 23, 22. 24, 26.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 9, 29.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, Anhang XXVIII.] Nomen proprium des Vaters des 13ten Arhant's der gegenwärtigen Avasarpiṇī [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 37.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्):—m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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