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Kritavarman, aka: Kṛtavarman; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kritavarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtavarman can be transliterated into English as Krtavarman or Kritavarman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्) is the name of a King, who had a daughter named Mṛgāvatī (an incarnation of the apsara Alambuṣā ), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. His queen was named Kalāvatī. The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta’s quest to become the emperor of the Vidhyādharas. The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: KathāsaritsāgaraKathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Purāṇa

1a) Kṛtavarman (कृतवर्मन्).—The eldest son of Hṛdīka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 28; IX. 24. 27; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 140; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 81; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 139; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 14. 24.

1b) A son of Dhanaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 23.

1c) Was stationed to defend the East gate of Mathurā by Kṛṣṇa. Defeated Kūpakarṇa, a minister of Bāṇa; was sent to Hāstinapura by Kṛṣṇa to find out whether Pānḍavas had captured Drupada. He went and met Droṇa, Vidura and others, when Yudhiṣṭhīra made enquiries of Kṛṣṇa. He returned to Dvārakā after taking leave of them and narrated to Kṛṣṇa as he saw and heard; joined with Akrūra to set up Śatadhanvan to kill Satrājit and take the jewel Syamantaka (s.v.) as he did not give his daughter in marriage as promised. Refused to help Śatadhanvan who solicited for it.1 Was sent with the sacrificial horse of Kṛṣṇa.2 After the rājasūya, he was sent to Dvārakā for its defence.3 Went to Upalāvya to see the Pāṇḍavas, and to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.4 His son was married to Cārumatī, a daughter of Rukminī.5 Survived Kurukṣetra war;6 Heard of Śatadhanva's death at Kṛṣṇa's hands, and left Dvārakā in fear.7 Got killed in the general Yādava contest.8

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 20[2]; [51 (V) 25], [30-31 and 64]; [56 (V) 2-15]; 57. 3-18; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 67-83.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8-9. 22 [2].
  • 3) Ib. X. 76. 7[5].
  • 4) Ib. X. 78 [95 (V) 3]; 82. 7.
  • 5) Ib. X. 61. 24.
  • 6) Ib. X. 80. [2].
  • 7) Ib. X. 57, 29.
  • 8) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 46.

1d) A son of Kanaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 8.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Kritavarman was the chief of the Bhojas, and the son of Hridika. The Bhojas were the traditional allies of the Vrishni's and Kritavarman was a particular friend of Satyaki. However, when it was time to chose sides in the great battle of Kurukshetra, Kritavarman went over to the side of the Kauravas, and Satyaki naturally fought on the side of the Pandavas, along with the other prominent Vrishnis.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

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