Shini, Sini, Śini, Śini, Sinī: 16 definitions


Shini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śini and Śini can be transliterated into English as Sini or Shini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Śini (शिनि).—The father of Sātyaki, and a king of the Yadu dynasty.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Śini (शिनि):—Son of Garga (one of the five sons of Manyu). He had a son named Gārgya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.19-20)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śini (शिनि).—A King of the Yādava dynasty. He secured Devakī to be wedded to Vasudeya after defeating, singlehanded in battle, all the kings. A fierce battle was fought between this Śini of Devamīḍha family and Somadatta. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 114).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śini (शिनि).—A son of Garga and father of Gārgya; hence Gārgyas and Ṣainyas are Kṣatropetadvijās.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 19; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 23.

1b) A son of Yujājit and father of Anamitra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 12.

1c) A son of Anamitra and father of Satyaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 13; Matsya-purāṇa 45. 22; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 1-2.

1d) A son of Bhajamāna and father of Svayambhoja.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 26.

1e) An Angirasa and mantrakṛt.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 107.

1f) A son of Śūra and Bhojā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 3.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śini (शिनि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.112.10, VIII.17.26, VIII.44.42, VIII.44.45) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śini) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Sinī is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.44.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

He was the Yadava warrior, who defeated Somadatta and won the hand of the princess Devaki for his friend Vasudeva. He was the grandfather of Satyaki, who was a great friend and disciple of Arjuna.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sini (सिनि): One of the suitors to Devaki's hand. A kinsman of the Kauravas.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sini in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrus aurantium in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Citrus hystrix H. Perrier (among others).

2) Sini is also identified with Saccharum officinarum It has the synonym Saccharum officinarum var. rubrumaltum Hassk. (etc.).

3) Sini in Niger is also identified with Indigofera tinctoria It has the synonym Indigofera tinctoria Lunan (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Report of the Harvard Botanical Gardens, Soledad Estate, Cienfuegos, Cuba (1927)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1825)
· Pharmazie (1987)
· Annales du muséum national d’histoire naturelle (1813)
· J. SouthW. Agric. Univ. (1994)
· J. Fujian Acad. Agric. Sci. (1996)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sini, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śini (शिनि).—[śī-niḥ hrasvaśca Uṇādi-sūtra 4.53]

1) Name of a warrior belonging to the side of the Yādavas. (śinernaptṛ m. Name of Sātyaki).

2) A class of people; शिनीनां दार्विहोमिको ब्राह्मणः (śinīnāṃ dārvihomiko brāhmaṇaḥ) ŚB. on MS.8.4.2.

Derivable forms: śiniḥ (शिनिः).

--- OR ---

Sinī (सिनी).—A woman having a white complexion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śini (शिनि).—m.

(-niḥ) A proper name, a chief of the Kshetriya tribe. E. śi to make thin or small, Unadi aff. nik .

--- OR ---

Sinī (सिनी).—f. (-nī) A woman with a white complexion. E. sita + ṅīp, tasya naśca .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śini (शिनि).—m. pl. The name of a class of Kṣatriyas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śini (शिनि).—[masculine] a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śini (शिनि):—[from śina] m. Name of various men (of a son of Su-mitra, of a son of Garga, of the father of Sātyaka, etc.; śiner naptṛ, ‘grandson of Ś°’, Name of Sātyaki, one of the Pāṇḍu chiefs), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] ([in the beginning of a compound]) the race of Śini (See below)

3) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a class of Kṣatriyas, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 51.]

4) Sinī (सिनी):—[from sina] a f. = sinīvālī, [Kāśī khaṇḍa, from the skanda-purāṇa]

5) [from sina] b (f. of [preceding]), in [compound] (?)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śini (शिनि):—(niḥ) 2. m. A proper name.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shini in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Siṇi (सिणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sṛṇi.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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