Puranic encyclopaedia

by Vettam Mani | 1975 | 609,556 words | ISBN-10: 0842608222

This page describes the Story of Satyaki included the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani that was translated into English in 1975. The Puranas have for centuries profoundly influenced Indian life and Culture and are defined by their characteristic features (panca-lakshana, literally, ‘the five characteristics of a Purana’).

Story of Sātyaki

(YUYUDHĀNA). A Yādava, who was a warrior of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty and a friend of Śrī Kṛṣṇa.


Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Yadu-Sahasrajit-Śatajit-Hehaya-Dharma-Kuni-Bhadrasena-Dhanaka-Kṛtavīrya-Kārttavīryārjuna-Madhu-Vṛṣṇi-Yudhājit-Śini-Satyaka-Sātyaki.

Śini was the younger son of Yudhājit. Sātyaki alias Yuyudhāna, a companion of Śrī Kṛṣṇa and a great friend of the Pāṇḍavas, was Śini’s grandson.

His relation to other prominent Yādavas.

The dynasty of Anamitra, first son of Yudhājit, became famous through Prasena, Satrājit, Śvaphalka and Akrūra. Of the four sons of Andhaka, predecessor of Kṛṣṇa, Kukura and Bhajamāna deserve special mention. Āhuka, in the dynasty of Kukura had two sons named Devaka and Ugrasena. Devakī, daughter of Devaka, became wife of Vasudeva and mother of Kṛṣṇa. Kaṃsa was the son of Ugrasena. Śūra, seventh in the line of Bhajamāna, son of Andhaka had twelve children. His first son Vasudeva was Kṛṣṇa’s father. Śrutakīrti, Śrutaśravas, Śrutadevī and Rājādhidevī the four daughters of Śūra were married respectively by Dhṛṣṭaketu, king of Kekaya, Damaghoṣa, king of Cedi, Vṛddhaśarman, king of Karūṣa and Jayasena, king of Avantī. Dhṛṣṭaketu was a great ally of the Pāṇḍavas. Śiśupāla was the son of Damaghoṣa, and Dantavaktra the son of Vṛddhaśarman. Śiśupāla and Dantavaktra, the third human incarnation of Jaya and Vijaya were war-crazy and haughty persons. Vinda and Anuvinda, sons of Jayasena, were great friends of the Pāṇḍavas. As Kuntī, daughter of Śūra became the adopted daughter of Ugrasena, she became also the niece of Vasudeva and Kṛṣṇa’s father’s sister. Kuntī married Pāṇḍu and she delivered four sons, Karṇa, Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīmasena and Arjuna.

Other information I.

The following facts about Sātyaki are extracted from the Mahābhārata.

(1) Sātyaki was born from an aspect of the Maruddevatās. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Verse 18).

(2) He was present at the wedding of Draupadī. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Verse 18).

(3) He was in the company of the Yādavas, who went to Indraprastha with the dowry for Subhadrā. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 220, Verse 31)

(4) A member in the court of Yudhiṣṭhira, Sātyaki learned dhanurveda (science of archery) from Arjuna. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 34).

(5) He was one of the chief Yādava warriors. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 14, Verse 57).

(6) At the coronation of Yudhiṣṭhira he held the royal umbrella over his head. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 53, Verse 13).

(7) He also was present at the wedding of Abhimanyu held at Upaplavya city. (Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 72, Verse 21).

(8) He went to Yudhiṣṭhira with a big army to participate in the great war. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 19, Verse 1).

(9) He informed Śrī Kṛṣṇa, who went to the Kaurava assembly as the messenger of the Pāṇḍavas, that he desired war. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 81, Verse 5).

(10) Śrī Kṛṣṇa started for the Kaurava assembly with Sātyaki after making him leave his weapons in the chariot. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 83, Verse 12).

(11) On the first day of the great war, he fought a duel with Kṛtavarman. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 12).

(12) He saved Arjuna, who was in difficulties on account of the rain of arrows from Bhīṣma. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 69, Verse 78).

(13) He fought with Bhūriśravas. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 64, Verse 1).

(14) When his charioteer was killed by Bhīṣma, Sātyaki drove the chariot himself. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 73, Verse 28).

(15) Bhūriśravas killed ten sons of Sātyaki. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 74, Verse 1).

(16) He defeated Alambūṣa. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 82, Verse 45).

(17) He rendered Aśvatthāmā unconscious. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 101, Verse 47).

(18) He fought with Bhīṣma. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 104, Verse 29).

(19) He fought with Duryodhana. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 110, Verse 14).

(20) He fought with Bhagadatta. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 111, Verse 7).

(21) He fought with Aśvatthāmā. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 116, Verse 9).

(22) Following that he fought with Kṣemamūrti and Bṛhanta on the Kaurava side. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 25, Verse 47).

(23) His chariot was thrown off by Bhagadatta’s elephant. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 26, Verse 43).

(24) Karṇa and Sātyaki fought each other. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 32, Verse 67).

(25) At the instance of Arjuna he remained on the battle-field protecting Yudhiṣṭhira. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 84, Verse 35).

(26) He fought with Duśśāsana. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 99, Verse 14).

(27) He saved Dhṛṣṭadyumna from being killed by Droṇa. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 97, Verse 32).

(28) He fought Droṇa again and broke six bows of the latter. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 98).

(29) He fought with Vyāghradatta. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 106, Verse 14).

(30) He killed Vyāghradatta. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 107, Verse 32).

(31) Droṇa wounded Sātyaki. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 110, Verse 2).

(32) Sātyaki wounded Kṛtavarman. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 113, Verse 46).

(33) He killed Jalasandha. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 115, Verse 52).

(34) He defeated Duryodhana. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 116, Verse 24).

(35) He defeated Droṇa. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 117, Verse 30).

(36) He killed Sudarśana. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 118, Verse 15).

(37) He defeated Duśśāsana. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 121, Verse 29).

(38) He killed king Alambūṣa. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 140, Verse 18).

(39) He killed Bhūriśravas. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 143, Verse 54).

(40) He defeated Karṇa in fighting. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 144, Verse 64).

(41) He killed Somadatta in battle. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 162, Verse 33).

(42) He killed King Bhūri. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 166, Verse 12).

(43) He defeated Vṛṣasena, son of Karṇa. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 170, Verse 30).

(44) Bhīma and Sahadeva prevented Sātyaki, who rushed forward with his club, from killing Dhṛṣṭadyumna. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 198, Verse 6).

(45) He routed six mahārathas of the Kaurava army. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 200, Verse 53).

(46) During the battle with Aśvatthāmā he fell unconscious. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 200, Verse 56).

(47) He killed Anuvinda, King of Kekaya. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 13, Verse 11).

(48) He killed Vinda. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 13, Verse 35).

(49) He killed the King of Vaṅga. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 22, Verse 13).

(50) He defeated Śakuni. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 61, Verse 48).

(51) He killed Prasena, son of Karṇa. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 82, Verse 6).

(52) He fought with Śalya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 13).

(53) He killed Sālva, the mleccha King. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 20, Verse 26).

(54) He killed Kṣemamūrti. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 21, Verse 8).

(55) He captured Sañjaya alive. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 25, Verse 57).

(56) Though he got ready to kill Sañjaya, yet he set him free on the advice of Vyāsa. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 38).

(57) After the great war was over he went to Dvārakā from Hastināpura in the company of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Aśvamedhika Parva, Chapter 52, Verse 57).

(58) He participated in the celebrations held at mount Raivataka in the company of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (Aśvamedhika Parva, Chapter 59, Verse 3).

(59) He performed the after-death ceremonies of Abhimanyu. (Aśvamedhika Parva, Chapter 62, Verse 6).

(60) He participated in the aśvamedha yajña held by Yudhiṣṭhira at Hastināpura. (Aśvamedhika Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 3).

(61) Under the influence of liquor he ridiculed Kṛtavarman for killing sleeping children. (Mausala Parva, Chapter 3, Verse 16).

(62) For Sātyaki’s part in the Syamantaka incident see under Syamantaka.

(63) When Sātyaki, after killing Kṛtavarman, rushed forth to kill many others, Kṛṣṇa, and Pradyumna interfered. Yet, he killed many others. (Mausala Parva, Chapter 8, Verse 29).

(64) Arjuna appointed Yauyudhāni, son of Sātyaki, chief of the region in the plain of Sarasvatī. (Mausala Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 71).

(65) After death his soul went to the Marudgaṇas. (Svargārohaṇa Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 17).

(66) Synonyms used for Sātyaki in the Mahābhārata: Ānartta, Śaineya, Śaineyanandana, Śauri, Śiniputra, Śinipautra, Śininaptā, Śinipravara, Dāśārha, Mādhava, Mādhavāgrya, Mādhavasiṃha, Madhūdvaha, Sātvata, Sātvatāgrya, Sātyaka, Vārṣṇeya, Vṛṣṇi, Vṛṣṇiśārdūla, Vṛṣṇikulodvaha, Vṛṣṇyandhakapravīra, Yādava, Yadūdvaha, Yadūttama, Yuyudhāna.

Other information II.

From Bhāgavata.

(1) In all the wars in which Śrī Kṛṣṇa was engaged, it was Sātyaki, who was his most powerful supporter. In the battle between Kṛṣṇa and Bāṇāsura, Sātyaki clashed with Kumbhāṇḍa, Bāṇa’s minister. (Bhāgavata Skandha 1).

(2) When Jarāsandha attacked Mathurāpurī, Sātyaki who guarded the city’s western entrance, fought the former and routed his forces. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 1).

(3) He participated in the Śalya and Pauṇḍrakavāsudeva wars. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 1).

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