Ranga, Raṅga: 18 definitions


Ranga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Raṅga (रङ्ग) refers to a “playhouse”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, the playhouse is divided in 3 parts:

  1. nepathya (the tiring room),
  2. raṅgapīṭha or raṅgaśīrṣa (the stage),
  3. raṅgamaṇḍala (the auditorium).
Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

The Stage (ranga)—The Chief of the Audience, as described, should sit at ease, facing the east, the poets, ministers, and courtiers at his side. The place before him, where dancing is to be done, is called the stage.

The danseuse (pātra) should stand in the middle of the stage, and the dancer (naṭa) near her; on the right the cymbalist (tāladhārī); on either side the drummers (mṛdangikaḥ); the chorus (gītakāraḥ) between them; and the drone (śrūtikāra) a little behind. Each of these, and thus ordered, should be present on the stage.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Raṅga (रङ्ग).—The wrestling place where separate seats were arranged for judges, nobles, women, cowherds, etc. Women of the palace and the city attended such matches; these women recalled Kṛṣṇa's former exploits.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 23-29, 43, 45-7.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Caitanya-caritāmṛta: Madhya 9.79

Raṅga (रङ्ग).— Śrī Raṅga-kṣetra is a very famous place. Near Tiruchchirāpalli is a river named Kāverī, or Kolirana. A city known as Śrī Raṅgam is located on this river in the district of Tanjoreāñ, about ten miles west of Kumbhakonṇam. The Śrī Raṅga temple is the largest in India, and there are seven walls surrounding it. There are also seven roads leading to Śrī Raṅga. The ancient names of these roads are the road of Dharma, the road of Rājamahendra, the road of Kulaśekhara, the road of Ālināḍana, the road of Tiruvikrama, the Tirubiḍi road of Māḍamāḍi-gāisa, and the road of Aḍa-iyāvala-indāna. The temple was founded before the reign of Dharmavarma, who reigned before Rājamahendra.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Raṅga (रङ्ग).—Nasalisation; colouring of a letter by its nasalisation; cf. रङ्गवर्ण प्रयुञ्जीरन् नो ग्रसेत् पूर्वमक्षरम् (raṅgavarṇa prayuñjīran no graset pūrvamakṣaram) Pan. Siksa. 27.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Raṅga (रङ्ग) or Raṅgopajīvī refers to “one who is living on theater”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not have forsaken his vows or fasting nor be the husband of a Śūdra, nor living on trade or theater (raṅga-upajīvī). He should not be an adulterer with a bought woman. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., raṅga-upajīvī), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., raṅga-upajīvī) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Raṅga.—(E I 15), abbreviation of raṅga-bhoga. Note: raṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

raṅga : (m.) 1. dye; paint; 2. a stage; theatre; a play.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Raṅga, 2 (fr. raj2, irajyati, to straighten, order, direct etc. : see uju. The Dhtp (27) only gives one raj in meaning “gamana”) a stage, theatre, dancing place, playhouse Vv 331; J. II, 252.—raṅgaṃ karoti to play theatre DhA. IV, 62.—raṅgamajjha the stage, the theatre, usually in Loc. °majjhe, on the stage, S. IV, 306; J. IV, 495; DhA. III, 79; same with °maṇḍale J. II, 253. Racati (rac, later Sk. ) to arrange, prepare, compose. The root is defined at Dhtp 546 by “paṭiyattane” (with v. l. car), and given at No. 542 as v. l. of pac in meaning “vitthāre. ” — pp. racita. (Page 561)

2) Raṅga, 1 (fr. raj1, rajati, to be coloured or to have colour) colour, paint Miln. 11 (°palibodha).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raṅga (रंग).—m (S) Color, hue, tint. 2 A coloring substance or composition in general; a dye, paint, pigment. 3 Splendor, spirit, animation, brilliance, the flash and fire, glare and glitter (as of a public exhibition or entertainment). Ex. ājacē gāṇyāsa raṅga cāṅgalā ālā. 4 Beauteousness or excellence of state. Ex. nukatā saṃsāra raṅgāsa ālā tōṃ bāyakō mēlī; hā bāga cāṅgalī mēhanata jhālī tara dōna varṣānīṃ raṅgāsa yēīla. 5 Appearance or seeming; hue and posture of affairs; state of things considered as indicative. v disa. Ex. āja garamī hōtī tēvhāṃ pāūsa paḍēlasā raṅga disatō; hēṃ pōra khōḍyā karatēṃ māra khāṇyācē raṅgāsa ālēṃ asēṃ vāṭatēṃ; ēvhāṃ tumhī cālā maga tēthēṃ jasā raṅga disēla tasēṃ karatāṃ yēīla; kāṃ tumacē gharacā kasā kāya raṅga āhē? 6 A color or suit at cards; a suit or set of Sonkṭya &c. 7 Fun, frolic, sport, wild or loose merriment, pleasure. Ex. bhaṅga karī raṅga aphū karī cāḷā tambākhū bāpaḍā bhōḷā. 8 S A place of sports; a stage, arena, circus, palastra. 9 In comp. Husband; as sītāraṅga. 10 The accommodation shown under Sig. V. of the sense Color or hue into that of Appearance or seeming, being pure and extensively popular, must be pressed upon the learner's attention. This sense (Appearance, aspect, significant hue, indicative complexion or character) is the sense of instances such as unhācā raṅga, vāṛyācā raṅga, ābhāḷācā or pāvasācā raṅga, divasācā or kāḷācā raṅga, dhāraṇēcā or bhāvācā raṅga, pikācā -dhānyācā -amadānīcā -cākarīcā -rōja- gārācā -vyāpārācā raṅga &c. &c., and should be traced throughout them. raṅga rākhaṇēṃ or raṅgācī mōṭa bāndhaṇēṃ To maintain or preserve dignity, character, honor, decorum &c.; to keep up a seemliness or due appearance. raṅgāsa caḍhaṇēṃ To become (or be becoming) of fuller and brighter color--a colored body. 2 fig. To advance in splendor or dignity, in majestic state or in imposing display. raṅgāsa yēṇēṃ See raṅgāsa caḍhaṇēṃ. 2 To be coming to the color, form, fashion, or seeming of. Used freely, and esp. in some bad or disagreeable sense; as hā ātāṃ rāma mhaṇāyācē raṅgāsa ālā; mī paḷāyācē raṅgāsa ālōṃ.

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rāṅga (रांग).—f (Perhaps from Rank.) A rank or row; a line, range, series, or orderly succession. 2 A ridge or long line generally declivous on both sides; as a path running along an embankment or other double slope; an elevated pathway adown a mountain steep; the surface along a wharf &c.

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rāṅgā (रांगा).—m A strip at sea becalmed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

raṅga (रंग).—m Colour, a dye. Splendour; ex- cellence of state. Appearance. Frolic. raṅga rākhaṇēṃ To preserve dignity or honour. raṅgāsa caḍhaṇēṃ To become of brighter colour.

--- OR ---

rāṅga (रांग).—f A rank or row.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raṅga (रङ्ग).—[rañj-bhāve ghañ]

1) Colour, hue, dye, paint.

2) A stage, theatre, play-house, an arena, any place of public amusement, as in रङ्गविघ्नोपशान्तये (raṅgavighnopaśāntaye) S. D.281; यदा- श्रौषं द्रोपदीं रङ्गमध्ये (yadā- śrauṣaṃ dropadīṃ raṅgamadhye) Mb.1.1.154; आनर्चुः पुरुषा रङ्गम् (ānarcuḥ puruṣā raṅgam) Bhāg. 1.42.33.

3) A place of assembly.

4) The members of an assembly, the audience; अहो रागबद्धचित्त- वृत्तिरालिखित इव सर्वतो रङ्गः (aho rāgabaddhacitta- vṛttirālikhita iva sarvato raṅgaḥ) Ś.1; रङ्गस्य दर्शयित्वा निवर्तते नर्तकी यथा नृत्यात् । पुरुषस्य तथात्मानं प्रकाश्य विनिवर्तते प्रकृतिः (raṅgasya darśayitvā nivartate nartakī yathā nṛtyāt | puruṣasya tathātmānaṃ prakāśya vinivartate prakṛtiḥ) || Sarva. S.

5) A field of battle.

6) Dancing, singing, acting.

7) Mirth, diversion.

8) The nasal modification of a vowel; सरङ्गं कम्पयेत् कम्पं रथीवेति निदर्शनम् (saraṅgaṃ kampayet kampaṃ rathīveti nidarśanam) Sik. 3; see 26,27,28 also.

9) An extract of Khadira.

-gaḥ, -gam Tin.

Derivable forms: raṅgaḥ (रङ्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Raṅgā (रङ्गा).—[, n. of a river: Divy 451.1 ff.; 456.19 ff. (here mss. Naṅgā, which read).]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṅga (रङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. Paint, colour, tint, dye. 2. Dancing, acting, singing, &c. 3. A field of battle. 4. The place where acting, &c. is exhibited, a stage. 5. A place answering to an amphi-theatre. 6. An assembly. 7. The nasal modification of a vowel. 8. Borax. n.

(-ṅgaṃ) Tin. E. ragi to go, aff. ac; or rañj to colour, aff. ghañ, the final changed, and the nasal rejected.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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