Ranga, aka: Raṅga; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ranga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Raṅga (रङ्ग) refers to a “playhouse”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, the playhouse is divided in 3 parts:

  1. nepathya (the tiring room),
  2. raṅgapīṭha or raṅgaśīrṣa (the stage),
  3. raṅgamaṇḍala (the auditorium).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

The Stage (ranga)—The Chief of the Audience, as described, should sit at ease, facing the east, the poets, ministers, and courtiers at his side. The place before him, where dancing is to be done, is called the stage.

The danseuse (pātra) should stand in the middle of the stage, and the dancer (naṭa) near her; on the right the cymbalist (tāladhārī); on either side the drummers (mṛdangikaḥ); the chorus (gītakāraḥ) between them; and the drone (śrūtikāra) a little behind. Each of these, and thus ordered, should be present on the stage.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Purāṇa

Raṅga (रङ्ग).—The wrestling place where separate seats were arranged for judges, nobles, women, cowherds, etc. Women of the palace and the city attended such matches; these women recalled Kṛṣṇa's former exploits.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 23-29, 43, 45-7.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vaiṣṇavism (Vaiṣṇava dharma)

Raṅga (रङ्ग).— Śrī Raṅga-kṣetra is a very famous place. Near Tiruchchirāpalli is a river named Kāverī, or Kolirana. A city known as Śrī Raṅgam is located on this river in the district of Tanjoreāñ, about ten miles west of Kumbhakonṇam. The Śrī Raṅga temple is the largest in India, and there are seven walls surrounding it. There are also seven roads leading to Śrī Raṅga. The ancient names of these roads are the road of Dharma, the road of Rājamahendra, the road of Kulaśekhara, the road of Ālināḍana, the road of Tiruvikrama, the Tirubiḍi road of Māḍamāḍi-gāisa, and the road of Aḍa-iyāvala-indāna. The temple was founded before the reign of Dharmavarma, who reigned before Rājamahendra.

(Source): Caitanya-caritāmṛta: Madhya 9.79
Vaiṣṇavism book cover
context information

Vaiṣṇava (वैष्णव, vaishnava) or Vaiṣṇavism (vaishnavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Viṣṇu as the supreme Lord. Similair to the Śāktism and Śaivism traditions, Vaiṣṇavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the daśāvatāra (‘ten avatars of Viṣṇu’).

In Buddhism

Pali

raṅga : (m.) 1. dye; paint; 2. a stage; theatre; a play.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Raṅga, 2 (fr. raj2, irajyati, to straighten, order, direct etc. : see uju. The Dhtp (27) only gives one raj in meaning “gamana”) a stage, theatre, dancing place, playhouse Vv 331; J. II, 252.—raṅgaṃ karoti to play theatre DhA. IV, 62.—raṅgamajjha the stage, the theatre, usually in Loc. °majjhe, on the stage, S. IV, 306; J. IV, 495; DhA. III, 79; same with °maṇḍale J. II, 253. Racati (rac, later Sk. ) to arrange, prepare, compose. The root is defined at Dhtp 546 by “paṭiyattane” (with v. l. car), and given at No. 542 as v. l. of pac in meaning “vitthāre. ” — pp. racita. (Page 561)

2) Raṅga, 1 (fr. raj1, rajati, to be coloured or to have colour) colour, paint Miln. 11 (°palibodha).

—kāra dyer Miln. 331. —jāta colour M. I, 385; VbhA. 331. —ratta dyed crimson Vin. I, 185=306. (Page 561)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

raṅga (रंग).—m (S) Color, hue, tint. 2 A coloring substance or composition in general; a dye, paint, pigment. 3 Splendor, spirit, animation, brilliance, the flash and fire, glare and glitter (as of a public exhibition or entertainment). Ex. ājacē gāṇyāsa raṅga cāṅgalā ālā. 4 Beauteousness or excellence of state. Ex. nukatā saṃsāra raṅgāsa ālā tōṃ bāyakō mēlī; hā bāga cāṅgalī mēhanata jhālī tara dōna varṣānīṃ raṅgāsa yēīla. 5 Appearance or seeming; hue and posture of affairs; state of things considered as indicative. v disa. Ex. āja garamī hōtī tēvhāṃ pāūsa paḍēlasā raṅga disatō; hēṃ pōra khōḍyā karatēṃ māra khāṇyācē raṅgāsa ālēṃ asēṃ vāṭatēṃ; ēvhāṃ tumhī cālā maga tēthēṃ jasā raṅga disēla tasēṃ karatāṃ yēīla; kāṃ tumacē gharacā kasā kāya raṅga āhē? 6 A color or suit at cards; a suit or set of Sonkṭya &c. 7 Fun, frolic, sport, wild or loose merriment, pleasure. Ex. bhaṅga karī raṅga aphū karī cāḷā tambākhū bāpaḍā bhōḷā. 8 S A place of sports; a stage, arena, circus, palastra. 9 In comp. Husband; as sītāraṅga. 10 The accommodation shown under Sig. V. of the sense Color or hue into that of Appearance or seeming, being pure and extensively popular, must be pressed upon the learner's attention. This sense (Appearance, aspect, significant hue, indicative complexion or character) is the sense of instances such as unhācā raṅga, vāṛyācā raṅga, ābhāḷācā or pāvasācā raṅga, divasācā or kāḷācā raṅga, dhāraṇēcā or bhāvācā raṅga, pikācā -dhānyācā -amadānīcā -cākarīcā -rōja- gārācā -vyāpārācā raṅga &c. &c., and should be traced throughout them. raṅga rākhaṇēṃ or raṅgācī mōṭa bāndhaṇēṃ To maintain or preserve dignity, character, honor, decorum &c.; to keep up a seemliness or due appearance. raṅgāsa caḍhaṇēṃ To become (or be becoming) of fuller and brighter color--a colored body. 2 fig. To advance in splendor or dignity, in majestic state or in imposing display. raṅgāsa yēṇēṃ See raṅgāsa caḍhaṇēṃ. 2 To be coming to the color, form, fashion, or seeming of. Used freely, and esp. in some bad or disagreeable sense; as hā ātāṃ rāma mhaṇāyācē raṅgāsa ālā; mī paḷāyācē raṅgāsa ālōṃ.

--- OR ---

rāṅga (रांग).—f (Perhaps from Rank.) A rank or row; a line, range, series, or orderly succession. 2 A ridge or long line generally declivous on both sides; as a path running along an embankment or other double slope; an elevated pathway adown a mountain steep; the surface along a wharf &c.

--- OR ---

rāṅgā (रांगा).—m A strip at sea becalmed.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raṅga (रंग).—m Colour, a dye. Splendour; ex- cellence of state. Appearance. Frolic. raṅga rākhaṇēṃ To preserve dignity or honour. raṅgāsa caḍhaṇēṃ To become of brighter colour.

--- OR ---

rāṅga (रांग).—f A rank or row.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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