Ranga, Raṅga: 23 definitions
Ranga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Raṅga (रङ्ग) refers to a “playhouse”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, the playhouse is divided in 3 parts:
- nepathya (the tiring room),
- raṅgapīṭha or raṅgaśīrṣa (the stage),
- raṅgamaṇḍala (the auditorium).
The Stage (ranga)—The Chief of the Audience, as described, should sit at ease, facing the east, the poets, ministers, and courtiers at his side. The place before him, where dancing is to be done, is called the stage.
The danseuse (pātra) should stand in the middle of the stage, and the dancer (naṭa) near her; on the right the cymbalist (tāladhārī); on either side the drummers (mṛdangikaḥ); the chorus (gītakāraḥ) between them; and the drone (śrūtikāra) a little behind. Each of these, and thus ordered, should be present on the stage.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Raṅga (रङ्ग).—The wrestling place where separate seats were arranged for judges, nobles, women, cowherds, etc. Women of the palace and the city attended such matches; these women recalled Kṛṣṇa's former exploits.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 23-29, 43, 45-7.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Caitanya-caritāmṛta: Madhya 9.79
Raṅga (रङ्ग).— Śrī Raṅga-kṣetra is a very famous place. Near Tiruchchirāpalli is a river named Kāverī, or Kolirana. A city known as Śrī Raṅgam is located on this river in the district of Tanjoreāñ, about ten miles west of Kumbhakonṇam. The Śrī Raṅga temple is the largest in India, and there are seven walls surrounding it. There are also seven roads leading to Śrī Raṅga. The ancient names of these roads are the road of Dharma, the road of Rājamahendra, the road of Kulaśekhara, the road of Ālināḍana, the road of Tiruvikrama, the Tirubiḍi road of Māḍamāḍi-gāisa, and the road of Aḍa-iyāvala-indāna. The temple was founded before the reign of Dharmavarma, who reigned before Rājamahendra.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Raṅga (रङ्ग).—Nasalisation; colouring of a letter by its nasalisation; cf. रङ्गवर्ण प्रयुञ्जीरन् नो ग्रसेत् पूर्वमक्षरम् (raṅgavarṇa prayuñjīran no graset pūrvamakṣaram) Pan. Siksa. 27.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra
Raṅga (रङ्ग) or Raṅgopajīvī refers to “one who is living on theater”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not have forsaken his vows or fasting nor be the husband of a Śūdra, nor living on trade or theater (raṅga-upajīvī). He should not be an adulterer with a bought woman. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., raṅga-upajīvī), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., raṅga-upajīvī) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Raṅgā (रङ्गा) is another name for Medā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.22-24 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Raṅgā and Medā, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Raṅga (रङ्ग) refers to “canopy or sort of apse (for a pavilion) §§ 3.36; 4.21, 22.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Raṅga.—(E I 15), abbreviation of raṅga-bhoga. Note: raṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
raṅga : (m.) 1. dye; paint; 2. a stage; theatre; a play.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
1) Raṅga, 2 (fr. raj2, irajyati, to straighten, order, direct etc. : see uju. The Dhtp (27) only gives one raj in meaning “gamana”) a stage, theatre, dancing place, playhouse Vv 331; J. II, 252.—raṅgaṃ karoti to play theatre DhA. IV, 62.—raṅgamajjha the stage, the theatre, usually in Loc. °majjhe, on the stage, S. IV, 306; J. IV, 495; DhA. III, 79; same with °maṇḍale J. II, 253. Racati (rac, later Sk. ) to arrange, prepare, compose. The root is defined at Dhtp 546 by “paṭiyattane” (with v. l. car), and given at No. 542 as v. l. of pac in meaning “vitthāre. ” — pp. racita. (Page 561)
2) Raṅga, 1 (fr. raj1, rajati, to be coloured or to have colour) colour, paint Miln. 11 (°palibodha).
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
raṅga (रंग).—m (S) Color, hue, tint. 2 A coloring substance or composition in general; a dye, paint, pigment. 3 Splendor, spirit, animation, brilliance, the flash and fire, glare and glitter (as of a public exhibition or entertainment). Ex. ājacē gāṇyāsa raṅga cāṅgalā ālā. 4 Beauteousness or excellence of state. Ex. nukatā saṃsāra raṅgāsa ālā tōṃ bāyakō mēlī; hā bāga cāṅgalī mēhanata jhālī tara dōna varṣānīṃ raṅgāsa yēīla. 5 Appearance or seeming; hue and posture of affairs; state of things considered as indicative. v disa. Ex. āja garamī hōtī tēvhāṃ pāūsa paḍēlasā raṅga disatō; hēṃ pōra khōḍyā karatēṃ māra khāṇyācē raṅgāsa ālēṃ asēṃ vāṭatēṃ; ēvhāṃ tumhī cālā maga tēthēṃ jasā raṅga disēla tasēṃ karatāṃ yēīla; kāṃ tumacē gharacā kasā kāya raṅga āhē? 6 A color or suit at cards; a suit or set of Sonkṭya &c. 7 Fun, frolic, sport, wild or loose merriment, pleasure. Ex. bhaṅga karī raṅga aphū karī cāḷā tambākhū bāpaḍā bhōḷā. 8 S A place of sports; a stage, arena, circus, palastra. 9 In comp. Husband; as sītāraṅga. 10 The accommodation shown under Sig. V. of the sense Color or hue into that of Appearance or seeming, being pure and extensively popular, must be pressed upon the learner's attention. This sense (Appearance, aspect, significant hue, indicative complexion or character) is the sense of instances such as unhācā raṅga, vāṛyācā raṅga, ābhāḷācā or pāvasācā raṅga, divasācā or kāḷācā raṅga, dhāraṇēcā or bhāvācā raṅga, pikācā -dhānyācā -amadānīcā -cākarīcā -rōja- gārācā -vyāpārācā raṅga &c. &c., and should be traced throughout them. raṅga rākhaṇēṃ or raṅgācī mōṭa bāndhaṇēṃ To maintain or preserve dignity, character, honor, decorum &c.; to keep up a seemliness or due appearance. raṅgāsa caḍhaṇēṃ To become (or be becoming) of fuller and brighter color--a colored body. 2 fig. To advance in splendor or dignity, in majestic state or in imposing display. raṅgāsa yēṇēṃ See raṅgāsa caḍhaṇēṃ. 2 To be coming to the color, form, fashion, or seeming of. Used freely, and esp. in some bad or disagreeable sense; as hā ātāṃ rāma mhaṇāyācē raṅgāsa ālā; mī paḷāyācē raṅgāsa ālōṃ.
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rāṅga (रांग).—f (Perhaps from Rank.) A rank or row; a line, range, series, or orderly succession. 2 A ridge or long line generally declivous on both sides; as a path running along an embankment or other double slope; an elevated pathway adown a mountain steep; the surface along a wharf &c.
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rāṅgā (रांगा).—m A strip at sea becalmed.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
raṅga (रंग).—m Colour, a dye. Splendour; ex- cellence of state. Appearance. Frolic. raṅga rākhaṇēṃ To preserve dignity or honour. raṅgāsa caḍhaṇēṃ To become of brighter colour.
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rāṅga (रांग).—f A rank or row.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Raṅga (रङ्ग).—[rañj-bhāve ghañ]
1) Colour, hue, dye, paint.
2) A stage, theatre, play-house, an arena, any place of public amusement, as in रङ्गविघ्नोपशान्तये (raṅgavighnopaśāntaye) S. D.281; यदा- श्रौषं द्रोपदीं रङ्गमध्ये (yadā- śrauṣaṃ dropadīṃ raṅgamadhye) Mb.1.1.154; आनर्चुः पुरुषा रङ्गम् (ānarcuḥ puruṣā raṅgam) Bhāg. 1.42.33.
3) A place of assembly.
4) The members of an assembly, the audience; अहो रागबद्धचित्त- वृत्तिरालिखित इव सर्वतो रङ्गः (aho rāgabaddhacitta- vṛttirālikhita iva sarvato raṅgaḥ) Ś.1; रङ्गस्य दर्शयित्वा निवर्तते नर्तकी यथा नृत्यात् । पुरुषस्य तथात्मानं प्रकाश्य विनिवर्तते प्रकृतिः (raṅgasya darśayitvā nivartate nartakī yathā nṛtyāt | puruṣasya tathātmānaṃ prakāśya vinivartate prakṛtiḥ) || Sarva. S.
5) A field of battle.
6) Dancing, singing, acting.
7) Mirth, diversion.
8) The nasal modification of a vowel; सरङ्गं कम्पयेत् कम्पं रथीवेति निदर्शनम् (saraṅgaṃ kampayet kampaṃ rathīveti nidarśanam) Sik. 3; see 26,27,28 also.
9) An extract of Khadira.
-gaḥ, -gam Tin.
Derivable forms: raṅgaḥ (रङ्गः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Raṅgā (रङ्गा).—[, name of a river: Divyāvadāna 451.1 ff.; 456.19 ff. (here mss. Naṅgā, which read).]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṅgaḥ) 1. Paint, colour, tint, dye. 2. Dancing, acting, singing, &c. 3. A field of battle. 4. The place where acting, &c. is exhibited, a stage. 5. A place answering to an amphi-theatre. 6. An assembly. 7. The nasal modification of a vowel. 8. Borax. n.
(-ṅgaṃ) Tin. E. ragi to go, aff. ac; or rañj to colour, aff. ghañ, the final changed, and the nasal rejected.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Raṅga (रङ्ग).—i. e. rañj + a, I. m. 1. Colour, paint. 2. The place where dancing or acting is exhibited, a stage, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 4, 12; [Daśakumāracarita] in
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Rāṅga (राङ्ग).—A proper name, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 67, 2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Raṅga (रङ्ग).—[masculine] colour, hue; theatre, play-house, stage, arena.
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Rāṅga (राङ्ग).—[masculine] actor.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Raṅga (रङ्ग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Raṅgācārya.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Raṅga (रङ्ग):—a raṅgita, raṅgin See p.862.
2) [from raj] b m. colour, paint, dye, hue, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Lalita-vistara]
3) [v.s. ...] the nasal modification of a vowel, [Śikṣā]
4) [v.s. ...] a place for public amusement or for dramatic exhibition, theatre, play-house, stage, arena, any place of assembly, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] the members of an assembly, audience, [Śakuntalā; Sāṃkhyakārikā; Daśarūpa]
6) [v.s. ...] a dancing-place, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] a field of battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] diversion, mirth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] love, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]
11) [v.s. ...] borax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] an extract obtained from Acacia Catechu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
14) [v.s. ...] of various authors (also with bhaṭṭa and jyotir-vid), [Catalogue(s)]
15) Raṅgā (रङ्गा):—[from raṅga > raj] f. Name of a river, [Divyāvadāna]
16) Raṅga (रङ्ग):—[from raj] n. (m.) tin (= vaṅga), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) Rāṅga (राङ्ग):—m. ([from] raṅga) an actor (?), [Dhūrtasamāgama]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Raṅga (रङ्ग):—(ṅgaḥ) 1. m. Paint; dancing; field of battle; the stage. n. Tin.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Raṅga (रङ्ग):—(von rañj)
1) m. a) Farbe [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 67.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 45. fg.] [Medinīkoṣa g. 19.] na bhāti vāsasi kliṣṭe raṅgayoga ivāhitaḥ [Suśruta 2, 157, 8.] vāso yathā raṅgavaśaṃ prayāti [Mahābhārata 5, 1269.] — b) nasale Färbung eines Vocals [ŚIKṢĀ 26. 30]; vgl. [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 269. 362] und rakta . — c) Theater, Schaubühne, Schauplatz, Arena [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 4, 27,] [Scholiast] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 282.] [Halāyudha 1, 97.] = nṛtyayudbhuvoḥ (ist wohl nṛtyabhū und yudbhū) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] = nṛtye raṇakṣitau [Medinīkoṣa] = nṛtya, raṇa, khala [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa -] [Mahābhārata 1, 152. 4415. 4417. 5347. 3, 2193. 2198. 4, 341. 345. 6, 3528. 7, 3932.] [Harivaṃśa 4211. 4532.] yathācāryopadeśena raṅgaśobhī bhavennaṭaḥ [Bharata] [NĀṬYAŚ. 34, 82.] raṅgādbahistu nepathyam [Bharata] beim Schol. zu [Śākuntala 3, 6.] praveśa [Mṛcchakaṭikā 17, 11. 82, 23.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 49, 14.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 223.] raṅgavighnopaśānti [Sāhityadarpana 281.] [Oxforder Handschriften 141,b,22. 41.] malla [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 36, 24. 42, 33.] pīṭha [Daśakumāracarita 77, 11.] śailūṣasyeva me rājyaraṅge sminvalgataściram [Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 156.] tāruṇyahelārati [Śrutabodha 34.] Theater so v. a. die Zuschauer [SĀṂKHYAK. 59.] aho rāgabaddhacittavṛttirālikhita iva sarvato raṅgaḥ [Śākuntala 4, 12. fg.] raṅgaṃ prasādya madhuraiḥ ślokaiḥ [DAŚAR. 3, 4] [?= Sāhityadarpana 284.] prasādana (prasādhana gedr.) [PRATĀPAR. 25,a,9.] — d) Borax. — e) der aus der Acacia Catechu gewonnene Catechu-Extract [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — f) Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 353. 396. fgg.] —
2) n. (m. n. [Medinīkoṣa]) = vaṅga Zinn [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 106.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 9, 34. 3, 3, 61. 67.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1042.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — Vgl. anaṅga, keli, dīrgharaṅgā, dṛḍharaṅgā, naṭaraṅga, nī, paṭṭa, patta, pūrva, matsya (unter raṅka), yuddha, raṇa, rāja, śrī, sa, su .
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Rāṅga (राङ्ग):—[Dhūrtasamāgama] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 67, 2] vielleicht fehlerhaft für vāṅga .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) m. — a) Farbe [Carakasaṃhitā 6,18.] [Lalitavistarapurāṇa 334,4.] — b) nasale Färbung eines Vocals. — c) Theater , Schaubühne , Schauplatz , Arena. — d) Theater , so v.a. die Zuschauer. — e) ein best. Tact. [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 207.] — f) Borax. — g) Catechu-Extract [Rājan 8,31.] — h) Nomen proprium eines Mannes. —
2) m. n. (dieses besser beglaubigt Zinn [Rājan 13,21.])
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Rāṅga (राङ्ग):—m. etwa Schauspieler.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+139): Ranga bhatta, Ranga jyotirvid, Ranga-anga-bhoga, Ranga-lekha, Ranga-sthala, Rangabahara, Rangabaji, Rangabharana, Rangabhoga, Rangabhringavalli, Rangabhumi, Rangabhuti, Rangabija, Rangacara, Rangacarya, Rangachara, Rangada, Rangadara, Rangadasa, Rangadatta.
Ends with (+155): Abashairanga, Abbashai-ranga, Abhiranga, Acaranga, Acharanga, Adbhutaranga, Adiranga, Aksharanga, Ambavaranga, Amritataranga, Anangaranga, Antaranga, Antyaranga, Anuttaranga, Anyaranga, Aparanga, Aranga, Avadranga, Badaranga, Bahiranga.
Full-text (+276): Rangajiva, Rangaja, Purvaranga, Nagaranga, Dirgharanga, Yuddharanga, Sthiraranga, Rangavatarana, Rangavataraka, Rangashala, Rangapitha, Rangabhumi, Rangabhuti, Dridharanga, Rangamandapa, Rangakshara, Rangadridha, Rangakara, Rangapradipaka, Rangalasini.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Ranga, Raṅga, Rāṅga, Rāṅgā, Raṅgā; (plurals include: Rangas, Raṅgas, Rāṅgas, Rāṅgās, Raṅgās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 4.8.73 < [Part 8 - Compatible & Incompatible Mellows (maitrī-vaira-sthiti)]
Verse 3.4.73 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Verse 3.2.1 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 23 < [Chapter 8 - Aṣṭama-yāma-sādhana (Rātri-līlā–prema-bhajana sambhoga)]
Text 18 < [Chapter 5 - Pañcama-yāma-sādhana (Aparāhna-kālīya-bhajana–kṛṣṇa-āsakti)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 5 - The Influence of the Āḻvārs on the followers of Rāmānuja < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 1 - The Aḻagiyas from Nāthamuni to Rāmānuja < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Note on nail-marks and tooth-bites < [Notes]
The ten stages of love-sickness < [Notes]
Appendix 1.4 - Sacred Prostitution < [Appendices]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)