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Ranga, aka: Raṅga; 6 Definition(s)


Ranga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Raṅga (रङ्ग) refers to a “playhouse”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, the playhouse is divided in 3 parts:

  1. nepathya (the tiring room),
  2. raṅgapīṭha or raṅgaśīrṣa (the stage),
  3. raṅgamaṇḍala (the auditorium).
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

The Stage (ranga)—The Chief of the Audience, as described, should sit at ease, facing the east, the poets, ministers, and courtiers at his side. The place before him, where dancing is to be done, is called the stage.

The danseuse (pātra) should stand in the middle of the stage, and the dancer (naṭa) near her; on the right the cymbalist (tāladhārī); on either side the drummers (mṛdangikaḥ); the chorus (gītakāraḥ) between them; and the drone (śrūtikāra) a little behind. Each of these, and thus ordered, should be present on the stage.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


Raṅga (रङ्ग).—The wrestling place where separate seats were arranged for judges, nobles, women, cowherds, etc. Women of the palace and the city attended such matches; these women recalled Kṛṣṇa's former exploits.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 20. 23-29, 43, 45-7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vaiṣṇavism (Vaiṣṇava dharma)

Raṅga (रङ्ग).— Śrī Raṅga-kṣetra is a very famous place. Near Tiruchchirāpalli is a river named Kāverī, or Kolirana. A city known as Śrī Raṅgam is located on this river in the district of Tanjoreāñ, about ten miles west of Kumbhakonṇam. The Śrī Raṅga temple is the largest in India, and there are seven walls surrounding it. There are also seven roads leading to Śrī Raṅga. The ancient names of these roads are the road of Dharma, the road of Rājamahendra, the road of Kulaśekhara, the road of Ālināḍana, the road of Tiruvikrama, the Tirubiḍi road of Māḍamāḍi-gāisa, and the road of Aḍa-iyāvala-indāna. The temple was founded before the reign of Dharmavarma, who reigned before Rājamahendra.

Source: Caitanya-caritāmṛta: Madhya 9.79
context information

Vaiṣṇava (वैष्णव, vaishnava) or Vaiṣṇavism (vaishnavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Viṣṇu as the supreme Lord. Similair to the Śāktism and Śaivism traditions, Vaiṣṇavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the daśāvatāra (‘ten avatars of Viṣṇu’).

In Buddhism


raṅga : (m.) 1. dye; paint; 2. a stage; theatre; a play.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Raṅga, 2 (fr. raj2, irajyati, to straighten, order, direct etc. : see uju. The Dhtp (27) only gives one raj in meaning “gamana”) a stage, theatre, dancing place, playhouse Vv 331; J. II, 252.—raṅgaṃ karoti to play theatre DhA. IV, 62.—raṅgamajjha the stage, the theatre, usually in Loc. °majjhe, on the stage, S. IV, 306; J. IV, 495; DhA. III, 79; same with °maṇḍale J. II, 253. Racati (rac, later Sk. ) to arrange, prepare, compose. The root is defined at Dhtp 546 by “paṭiyattane” (with v. l. car), and given at No. 542 as v. l. of pac in meaning “vitthāre. ” — pp. racita. (Page 561)

2) Raṅga, 1 (fr. raj1, rajati, to be coloured or to have colour) colour, paint Miln. 11 (°palibodha).

—kāra dyer Miln. 331. —jāta colour M. I, 385; VbhA. 331. —ratta dyed crimson Vin. I, 185=306. (Page 561)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 20 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pūrvaraṅga (पूर्वरङ्ग).—As the Nāṭyaśāstra describes it, the pūrvaraṅga is a ritual wo...
Raṅgaśīrṣa (रङ्गशीर्ष) refers to the “stage”. It forms part of a playhouse (raṅg...
Raṅgamaṇḍala (रङ्गमण्डल) refers to the “auditorium”. It forms part of a playhous...
Raṅgamaṇḍapa (रङ्गमण्डप) is a pavilion, which contains a centre stage within. Marṇḍapa means...
Raṅga-sthala (रङ्ग-स्थल)—One of the several gaṭhas (bathing places) in the twelve fore...
Raṅgapīṭha (रङ्गपीठ) refers to the “stage”. It forms part of a playhouse (raṅga)...
Nāgaraṅga (नागरङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “orange tree”, or the fr...
Navaraṅga (नवरङ्ग).—Gūḍhamaṇḍapa (‘assembly hall’) is also referred to by ...
Raṅgabhoga (रङ्गभोग).—One of the two types of worship according to the bhakti cult;&md...
Raṅgadvāra (रङ्गद्वार) refers to one of the ten practices performed after the removal of the...
Raṅgapūjā (रङ्गपूजा) and pūrvaraṅga are general terms denoting a cluster of rites described ...
Maṇḍala (मण्डल).—Being an artistic device, maṇḍala incorporates in itself all the significant a...
Ramanuja—According to the Bhargava Upapurana (bhārgavopapurāṇa), Ramanuja is said to h...
Saṃgraha (संग्रह, “propitiation”) refers to ‘winning over’ another person by sweet words and gi...
Kakṣyā (कक्ष्या) refers to the “zones” of the stage (raṅga); it is a Sanskrit te...

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