Ramyakavarsha, Ramyaka-varsha, Ramyakavarṣa: 5 definitions


Ramyakavarsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ramyakavarṣa can be transliterated into English as Ramyakavarsa or Ramyakavarsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Ramyakavarsha in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

In the tract of land known as Ramyaka-varṣa, Manu and all the inhabitants worship Matsyadeva to this very day. Matsyadeva, whose form is pure goodness, is the ruler and maintainer of the whole universe, and as such He is the director of all the demigods, headed by King Indra.

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ramyakavarsha in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Ramyakavarṣa (रम्यकवर्ष).—Name of a region (varṣa) situated to the south of Meru and north of Śveta, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 84. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Ramyakavarsha in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Ramyakavarṣa (रम्यकवर्ष) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is the first varṣa to the north side of the Mahāmeru, which is situated in the middle of the Jambūdvīpa. In this varṣa, mount Nīla forms the principal mountain.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Ramyakavarsha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ramyakavarṣa (रम्यकवर्ष) (or Ramyakakṣetra) is another name for Ramyaka: one of the seven zones of Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Note: Ramyakavarṣa refers to one of the various Bhogabhūmis or Akarmabhūmis, which refers to worlds where the inhabitants are twins, and everything is supplied by wishing-trees.—(cf. Pravacanasāroddhāra 1054 f., P. 311.)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Ramyakavarṣa (रम्यकवर्ष) or simply Ramyaka refers to a region of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. This region is very beautiful due to the presence of many rivers, forests, gardens etc and hence the name ramyaka (beautiful) assigned to it. The mountain chain Nīla separates the Videha and Ramyaka regions. The mountain chain Rukmi separates Ramyaka and Hairaṇyavata regions. Nārī, the Narakāntā rivers divide Ramyaka-kṣetra.

The five regions Ramyaka in which inhabitants live has happy period (2nd time period) always. There the human beings have a life span of two palya, height of their body as 4000 bows, food once after two days, and the body of white colour (Like conch shell) which is similar to that in Harivarṣa regions in the north

Jambūdvīpa (containing the Ramyaka-varṣa region) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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