Ran, Rañ, Raṇ: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Ran means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Rañ (रञ्).—tad. affix र (ra) causing vrddhi, applied to the word अग्नीध् (agnīdh) in the sense of Sarana i.e. a room or a place; e.g. आग्नीघ्रम् (āgnīghram) cf. अग्नीध (agnīdha); शरणे रञ् भं च (śaraṇe rañ bhaṃ ca) P. IV.3.120 Vart, 9.

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Raṇ (रण्).—Same as रञ् (rañ) being only a variant, See रञ् (rañ).

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Ran (रन्).—Personal ending रन् (ran) substituted for the personal ending झ (jha) of the प्रथमपुरुष (prathamapuruṣa) (third person) Atmanepada of 'lin' (potential and benedictive); cf. झस्य रन् (jhasya ran) P.III. 4.105.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raṇ (रण्).—1 P. (raṇati, raṇita)

1) To sound, ring, tinkle, jingle (as anklets &c.); रणद्भिराघट्टनया नभस्वतः पृथग्विभिन्न- श्रुतिमण्डलैः स्वरैः (raṇadbhirāghaṭṭanayā nabhasvataḥ pṛthagvibhinna- śrutimaṇḍalaiḥ svaraiḥ) Śiśupālavadha 1.1; चरणरणितमणिनूपुरया परिपूरितसुरत- वितानम् (caraṇaraṇitamaṇinūpurayā paripūritasurata- vitānam) Gītagovinda 2.

2) To go.

3) Ved. To rejoice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṇ (रण्).—r. 1st cl. (raṇati) 1. To sound. 2. To go, to move.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṇ (रण्).— (developed out of ram- ṇā, i. e. ram, ii. 9), i. 4, and i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] i. 4, 1. To shout. 2. To rejoice, Chr. 292, 10 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 10. i. 1, To sound, [Śiśupālavadha] 1, 10. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. raṇita, Sounding, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 21, 1. n. Sound. † i. 10, raṇaya, To go.

— With the prep. ni ni, i. 4, To rejoice, Chr. 297, 18 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ran (रन्).—1. raṇati raṇate & raṇyati be pleased, rejoice, take pleasure in ([locative], [rarely] [accusative]). [Causative] raṇayati, te delight a [person or personal] with ([instrumental]) or in ([locative]), or = [Simple] ([with] [locative]).

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Ran (रन्).—2. raṇati [participle] raṇita (q.v.) ring, sound, tinkle. [Causative] raṇayati make ring etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raṇ (रण्):—1. raṇ or ran (cf.ram) [class] 1. 4. [Parasmaipada] raṇati, raṇyati (2. [dual number] raṇyathaḥ, [Ṛg-veda i, 112, 18]; [perfect tense] rAraRa, [Ṛg-veda]; [Aorist] arāṇiṣuḥ, raṇiṣṭana, [ib.]),

—to rejoice, be pleased, take pleasure in ([locative case], rarely [accusative]), [Ṛg-veda];

—to gladden, delight, gratify, [ib.] :

—[Causal] raṇḍyati, te, to cheer, gladden, exhilarate with ([instrumental case] or [locative case]), [Ṛg-veda];

—to be at ease, be pleased or satisfied with, delight in ([locative case]), [ib.; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda] :—[Intensive] ([subjunctive] rāraṇat, rāran; [imperative] rārandhi, rārantu) = [Causal] (as well in the trans. as in the intrans. meanings), [Ṛg-veda]

2) Ran (रन्):—1a or raṇ (cf.ram) [class] 1. 4. [Parasmaipada] raṇati, raṇyati (2. [dual number] raṇyathaḥ, [Ṛg-veda i, 112, 18]; [perfect tense] rAraRa, [Ṛg-veda]; [Aorist] arāṇiṣuḥ, raṇiṣṭana, [ib.]),

2) —to rejoice, be pleased, take pleasure in ([locative case], rarely [accusative]), [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to gladden, delight, gratify, [ib.] :

2) —[Causal] raṇḍyati, te, to cheer, gladden, exhilarate with ([instrumental case] or [locative case]), [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to be at ease, be pleased or satisfied with, delight in ([locative case]), [ib.; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda] :—[Intensive] ([subjunctive] rāraṇat, rāran; [imperative] rārandhi, rārantu) = [Causal] (as well in the trans. as in the intrans. meanings), [Ṛg-veda]

3) Raṇ (रण्):—2. raṇ [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xiii, 2]) raṇati ([grammar] also [perfect tense] rarāṇa [future] raṇitā etc.), to sound, ring, rattle, jingle, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] :

—[Causal] raṇayati ([Aorist] arīraṇat or ararāṇat, [Patañjali on Pāṇini 7-4, 3]), to make resound, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] :—[Desiderative] riraṇiṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive] raṃraṇyate, raṃraṇṭi, [ib.]

4) 3. raṇ [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] raṇayati, to go, [Dhātupāṭha xix, 33; 56.]

5) Ran (रन्):—1b See √1. raṇ.

6) 2. ran (meaning doubtful), [Ṛg-veda i, 120, 7] ([according to] to [Sāyaṇa] = rātārau or dātārau, ‘givers’, [from] √ā, the sg. being substituted for the [dual number])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṇ (रण्):—raṇati 1. a. To sound; to go.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ran in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ran in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) war, battle, fighting, combat; ~[karma] fighting; combating; ~[kami] war-mongering; bellicose; ~[kari] fighting, combating belligerent; -[kosha] war-fund; ~[kshetra] the battlefield, theatre of war; ~[camdi] Bellona; the war-goddess; ~[turya/bheri] bugles of war, wartrumpets; -[niti] strategy; -[bamkura] valorous; a great fighter; ~[bhumi] the battlefield; -[ramga] the battlefield, theatre of war; fighting spirit; -[shisha] training in the art of fighting; -[samkula] fierce fighting; -[sajja] war-preparation; battle equipment; armament; ~[simha] see ~[turya]; ~[sthala] the battlefield..—ran (रण) is alternatively transliterated as Raṇa.

2) Ran in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a run (in cricket); a reclaimed part of the sea (e.g. [kaccha ka rana])..—ran (रन) is alternatively transliterated as Rana.

3) Ran in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) thigh; —[mem jora hona] to have virility/masculine vitality..—ran (रान) is alternatively transliterated as Rāna.

context information

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