Ramya, Ramyā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ramya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ramy.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Ramyā (रम्या):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Piṇḍa, the seventh seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Ramyā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Ramya (रम्य) refers to one of the seven regions (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa, according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as Ramyaka or Ramyakhaṇḍa. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhyatantra, “it seems that when the moon beheld there the lovely Apsaras Urvaśī he proclaimed ‘She is lovely’, and this landmass is therefore called Ramya after that speech”.

In the middle of these nine regions (e.g., Ramya) is situated the golden mountain named Meru which rises above the surface of the earth by 84,000 yojanas while it penetrates the circle of the earth to a depth of sixteen yojanas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ramya (रम्य).—Son of Āgnīdhra, and Lord of Nīlam (Nīlavarṣa, Vāyu-purāṇa);1 placed in charge of the kingdom bordering on Nīlācala.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 46-50; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 39, 42.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 17 and 20.

1b) (Keśari s.v.) Mountain in Śākadvīpam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 84.

2) Ramyā (रम्या).—A daughter of Meru, and wife of Ramyaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 2. 23.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Ramyā (रम्या) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Ramyā has a frequency of 436.0426Hz.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ramyā (रम्या) is the name of a meter belonging to the Gāyatrī class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of six syllables the fourth syllable short and the remaining ones long, is ramyā”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Ramyā (रम्या, “charming”).—Illustration of Ramyā-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour of her body is golden. She holds a vīṇā with both hands. The colour of her bodice is sky-blue and the scarf is red with white-coloured design and borders of sky-blue colour; the lower garment is green with a black-coloured design and borders of yellow and red colour. A garment of rosy colour with a crimson-coloured design is on the waist.

The illustrations (of, for example Ramyā) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ramyā (रम्या) is another name for Sthalapadmī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Ionidium suffruticosum Ging., synonym of Hybanthus enneaspermus or “spade flower” from the Hybanthus or “green violet” family of flowering plant, according to verse 5.81-83 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Ramyā and Sthalapadmī , there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ramya (रम्य) is the name of a southern province situated in East-Videha in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] Between them (i.e., the Vidyutprabha and Saumanasa Mountains) are the bhogabhumis, the Devakurus. [...] Between them (i.e., the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mountains) are the very charming Uttarakurus [...] East of the Devakurus and Uttarakurus, they are called East Videhas, and to the west, West Videhas, like different countries to each other. In each, there are 16 provinces, inaccessible to each other, separated by rivers and mountains, suitable to be conquered by a Cakrin. [viz., Ramya, etc.] are the southern provinces of East Videha. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ramya.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, p. 135), refers to the fact that the gift land had nothing unpleasant about it. Note: ramya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ramya (रम्य).—a (S) Delightful, charming, gratifying or grateful to the senses or mind.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ramya (रम्य).—a Delightful, charming.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ramya (रम्य).—a. [ramyate'tra yat]

1) Pleasing, pleasant, delightful, agreeable; रम्यास्तपोधनानां क्रियाः समवलोक्य (ramyāstapodhanānāṃ kriyāḥ samavalokya) Ś.1.13. (v. l.).

2) Beautiful, lovely, handsome; सरसिजमनुविद्धं शैवलेनापि रम्यम् (sarasijamanuviddhaṃ śaivalenāpi ramyam) Ś.1.2;5.2.

-myaḥ The tree called चम्पक (campaka).

-myā 1 Night.

2) A land-growing lotus; L. D. B.

3) (In music) A kind of Śruti.

-myam Semen virile.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ramya (रम्य).—mfn.

(-myaḥ-myā-myaṃ) 1. Pleasing, delightful, agreeable, charming. 2. Handsome. m.

(-myaḥ) The champaca, (Michelia champaca.) f.

(-myā) 1. Night. 2. The name of a river. n.

(-myaṃ) 1. The root of a species of cucumber. 2. Semen virile. E. ram to sport, aff. yat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ramya (रम्य).—[adjective] enjoyable, charming, beautiful.

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Rāmyā (राम्या).—[feminine] night.

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Rāmyā (राम्या).—[feminine] night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ramya (रम्य):—[from ram] a mf(ā)n. to be enjoyed, enjoyable, pleasing, delightful, beautiful, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] = bala-kara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Michelia Champaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] another kind of plant (= baka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Āgnīdhra, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. or n. (?) a pleasant abode, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

7) Ramyā (रम्या):—[from ramya > ram] f. night, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] Hibiscus Mutabilis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] = mahendra-vāruṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of Śruti, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Meru (wife of Ramya), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) Ramya (रम्य):—[from ram] n. the root of Trichosanthes Dioeca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] semen virile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) b ramra See above.

16) Rāmyā (राम्या):—[from rāma] rāmyā ([Ṛg-veda]) or rāmyā ([Atharva-veda]), f. night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ramya (रम्य):—[(myaḥ-myā-myaṃ) a.] Pleasing, handsome. m. Michelia champaca. f. Night; name of ariver. n. A cucumber; semen virile.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ramya (रम्य):—(von ram) [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 12.]

1) adj. ergötzlich, angenehm, anmuthig, schön [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 18, 104.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1445.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 379.] [Medinīkoṣa y. 49.] tanū [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 7, 4, 1, 16. 8, 7, 4, 8.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 69.] [Mahābhārata 3, 1756. 2486. 2508. 2511. 2534. 2660. 15572. 4, 11. 12, 4662. 13390.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 31. 5, 12. 19. 9, 54. 2, 32, 3. 43, 11. 46, 1. 3, 48, 7.] [Suśruta 1, 241, 7.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 1. 6, 2. 33.] [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 93.] [Meghadūta 79.] [Śākuntala 13. 19. 86. 132.] [Vikramorvaśī 73.] [Spr. 1494, v. l. 1970. 2589. fg. 2832. 3246. fg. 3318. 3980. 3991. 4930. fg.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 48, 8. 15. 104, 63.] [Kirātārjunīya 5, 11.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 1, 23. 18, 64. 352. 25, 140. 28, 64.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 4. 3, 175.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 16, 35. 3, 33, 18.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 21, 2.] [Brahmapurāṇa] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 52, 3.] [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 182, 22.] [Pañcatantra 74, 21.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 1, 13. 5, 6.] a [Mālavikāgnimitra 10.] su [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 54, 41.] ramya = balakara [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] Vgl. ramaṇīya . —

2) m. a) Michelia Champaka (campaka) Lin. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] = bakavṛkṣa [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Āgnīdhra [Viṣṇupurāṇa 162. fg.] —

3) f. ā a) Nacht [das 1, 7, v. l.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] (hier fälschlich n.). [Medinīkoṣa] Vgl. rāmyā . — b) Hibiscus mutabilis [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) Bez. der weiblichen Personification einer best. musikalischen Weise [Asiatick Researches 9, 451.] — d) Nomen proprium einer Tochter Meru's und Gattin Ramya's [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 2, 22.] —

4) n. a) die Wurzel von Trichosanthes dioeca Roxb. [Medinīkoṣa] — b) der männliche Same [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Rāmyā (राम्या):—(vgl. rātrī und 1. rāma) f. Nacht [das 1, 17.] [Ṛgveda 2, 2, 8. 3, 34, 3.] yā bhā.unā.ruśatā rā.yāsvajñāyi ti.astamasaścida.tūn [6, 65, 1.] ti.astamo dadṛśe rā.yāṇām [7, 9, 2.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 19, 49, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ramya (रम्य):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) ergötzlich , angenehm , anmuthig , schön. — b) * = balakara. —

2) m. — a) *Michelia Champaca. — b) *eine andere Pflanze , = baka. — c) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Āgnīdhra. —

3) m. oder n. ein anmuthiger Ort [Viṣṇusūtra 99,16.] —

4) f. ramyā — a) Nacht [Harivaṃśa 3588.] — b) *Hibiscus mutabilis [Rājan 5,80.] = mahendravāruṇī [3,61.] — c) eine best. Śruti [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 23.] — d) Nomen proprium einer Tochter Meru's. —

5) *n. — a) die Wurzel von Trichosanthe dioeca. — b) der männliche Same.

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Rāmyā (राम्या):—([Ṛgveda (roth). 2,2,8]) und rāmyā (dreisilbig) f. Nacht.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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