Nrishamsa, Nṛśaṃsa, Nri-shamsa: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Nrishamsa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nṛśaṃsa can be transliterated into English as Nrsamsa or Nrishamsa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Nrashans.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस) is a Sanskrit word referring to “cruel person” (one devoid of pity). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.216)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस).—is one who sings the praises of men, known as the bandī (‘bard’). Or, it may stand for the pitiless man. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 4.216)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nrishamsa in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.23, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nṛśaṃsa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nrishamsa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस).—a S Mischievous, injurious, disposed to destroy or hurt.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nrishamsa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस).—a. [nṝn śaṃsati hiṃsati śaṃs-aṇ]

1) Wicked, malicious, cruel, mischievous, base; किमिदानीं नृशंसेन चारित्रमपि दूषितम् (kimidānīṃ nṛśaṃsena cāritramapi dūṣitam) Mk.3.25; Ms.3.41; Y.1.164.

2) Ved. To be praised by men.

-sam a wicked, vile act; विचित्रवीर्यस्य सुतः सपुत्रः कृत्वा नृशंसं बत पश्यति स्म (vicitravīryasya sutaḥ saputraḥ kṛtvā nṛśaṃsaṃ bata paśyati sma) Mb.3.119.12.

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Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस).—a. A vile and cruel man; इतरेषु तु शिष्टेषु नृशंसानृतवादिनम् (itareṣu tu śiṣṭeṣu nṛśaṃsānṛtavādinam) Ms.

Nṛśaṃsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nṛ and śaṃsa (शंस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Malicious, wicked, hurtful, injurious, mischievous, destructive. E. nṛ man, śasi to hurt, aff. aṇa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस).—[nṛ-śaṃs + a], adj. 1. Malicious, mischievous, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 41. 2. Base, Mahābhārata 13, 513.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस).—[adjective] cursing or wronging men, malicious, base (also vant); [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस):—[=nṛ-śaṃsa] [from nṛ] m. (nṛ-) Name of a god, [Ṛg-veda ix, 81, 5] (cf. narā-s under nara)

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. injuring men, mischievous, noxious, cruel, base, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस):—[nṛ-śaṃsa] (saḥ-sā-saṃ) a. Malicious, wicked, injurious, destructive.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇisaṃsa, Ṇissaṃsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nrishamsa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nrishamsa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nṛśaṃsa (नृशंस) [Also spelled nrashans]:—(a) atrocious; savage, cruel.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nrishamsa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nṛśaṃsa (ನೃಶಂಸ):—[noun] a man disposed to inflict pain and suffering; a very cruel man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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