Nripati, Nṛpati, Nri-pati: 15 definitions


Nripati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nṛpati can be transliterated into English as Nrpati or Nripati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Nṛpati (नृपति) refers to a “prince”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the solar disc should be crossed by the rainbow the princes of the land [i.e., nṛpati] will be at war with one another. If in winter the disc be clear there will be immediate rain. If in Varṣā the colour of the sun be that of the flower Śirīṣa there will be immediate rain; if the colour be that of the peacock’s plume there will be no rain for twelve years to come”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (itihasa)

Nṛpati (नृपति) refers to “kings”, according to the Mahābhārata verse 1.164.9-11.—Accordingly, “The Ikṣvāku kings conquered this world. Having obtained Vasiṣṭha, the best of sages, as their excellent purohita, those kings performed sacrifices, O descendant of the Kurus. For that Brahmin sage officiated for all those great kings (nṛpati-sattama) at their sacrifices, O best of the Pāṇḍavas, as Bṛhaspati did for the gods”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Nṛpati (नृपति) refers to the “King”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[This rite] should be employed by utterly glorious Sovereigns when they are in distress—[for this rite] removes the three kinds of sorrow which begin with the one relating to oneself; causes the destruction of all afflictions; is marked by auspiciousness; destroys all enemies; pacifies (i.e. removes unwanted consequences of ritual mistakes etc.); is the cause of triumph; kills the Demons; brings about prosperities; subdues all; bestows the longest of lives; is meritorious; [and] was perfomed by ancient Kings (nṛpatipūrvair nṛpatibhiḥ kṛtam)”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Jainism)

Nṛpati (नृपति) refers to a “king”, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 12.55) by Hemacandra: a Jain treatise dealing with Yoga and the highest reality (tattva).—Accordingly, “[This] Upaniṣad of Yoga, which is a cause of wonder in the mind of the assembly of the wise, was known from scripture, from the mouth of a good Guru and a little from experience in various places. Because of the profuse requesting of the Caulukya king (nṛpati), Kumārapāla, it was placed in the realm of words by his teacher, the honourable Hemacandra. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nṛpati (नृपति).—&c. See under नृ (nṛ).

See also (synonyms): nṛpa, nṛpāla.

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Nṛpati (नृपति).—

1) a king; जाताभिषङ्गो नृपतिः (jātābhiṣaṅgo nṛpatiḥ) R.2.3; विद्वत्वं च नृपत्वं च नैव तुल्यं कदाचन (vidvatvaṃ ca nṛpatvaṃ ca naiva tulyaṃ kadācana) Subhāṣ.

2) Name of Kubera.

3) Kṣatriya. °पथः (pathaḥ) a royal or main road. °संश्रयः (saṃśrayaḥ)

1) royal support; नृपसंश्रयमिष्यते जनैः (nṛpasaṃśrayamiṣyate janaiḥ) Pt.

2) service of princes.

Derivable forms: nṛpatiḥ (नृपतिः).

Nṛpati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nṛ and pati (पति). See also (synonyms): nṛpa, nṛpāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛpati (नृपति).—m.

(-tiḥ) 1. A name of Kuvera. 2. A king, a sovereign. E. nṛ man, and pati a master.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛpati (नृपति).—m. a king.

Nṛpati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nṛ and pati (पति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛpati (नृपति).—[masculine] = nṛpa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nṛpati (नृपति):—[=nṛ-pati] [from nṛ] m. ‘lord of men’, king, prince, sovereign, [Ṛg-veda] (where also with nṛṇām) etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Kubera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛpati (नृपति):—[nṛ-pati] (tiḥ) 2. m. Kuvera; a king.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nṛpati (नृपति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇivai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nripati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nripati in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nṛpati (नृपति) [Also spelled narapati]:—(nm) see [nṛpa].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nṛpati (ನೃಪತಿ):—[noun] = ನೃಪ [nripa].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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