Nirmama, Nir-mama: 17 definitions


Nirmama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirmam.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nirmama (निर्मम) refers to “one who is free from sense of possession” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, after Śiva spoke to Viṣṇu and others: “[...] Śiva thought within Himself His own Soul, the form that is unsullied, free from distortions, aberrations and ailments, the form which is greater than the greatest, eternal, free from sense of possession [i.e., nirmama], free from obsessions, beyond the ken of sounds and words, devoid of attributes and knowable through perfect wisdom. Thinking upon His own features thus in His meditation, the lord, the cause of great enjoyment and protection became engrossed in supreme bliss. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nirmama (निर्मम).—A sense of detachment takes a man of Vairāgya; with ripe experience sees all life as sorrow.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 84-5.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nirmama (निर्मम) refers to “(being) free of ‘mine’”, according to the Kularatnapañcakāvatāra verse 1.16-23ab.—Accordingly, “The dispassion that is in the state of ‘I’ and ‘mine’ should (exert itself to) control fettered existence. The one called ‘spontaneous’ is free of ‘I’ and ‘mine’ (nirmama) and its attribute is insight. One who is spontaneously dispassionate is certainly not obstructed (in his quest) even though he enjoys the objects of the senses. [...]”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirmama in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Nirmama (निर्मम) refers to “one who is free from his ego”, according to the section on Pāśupatayoga in the Skandapurāṇa-Ambikākhaṇḍa verse 178.7-8.—Accordingly, “Then, having formed the [hand gesture called] Yogahasta in which the right [hand is placed] on the left, [the Yogin] should have his face slightly tilted down while looking at the tip of his nose, without touching the teeth [of his upper jaw] with those [of the lower], and bringing to mind Brahma [in the form of] the syllable om, the wise [Yogin], who is free from his ego (nirmama), meditates [thus] after [having performed] breath control”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nirmama (निर्मम) (Cf. Nirmamatva) refers to “(the state of) non-attachment”, according to the Jain Yogaśāstra (vol. 2, p. 839).—Accordingly, “Equanimity is attained through the state of non-attachment (nirmamatva). In order to attain that [state of non-attachment], one should cultivate the twelve themes of contemplation: on impermanence, helplessness, the cycle of transmigration, solitude, the distinction [of the Self and the body], the impurity [of the body], the influx of karmic matter, the stopping [of karmic influx], the elimination of karmic matter, the correctly expounded law, the universe, and the [difficulty of attaining] enlightenment”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirmama (निर्मम).—a S (nir & mama Mine.) Exempt from affection or concern (for anything); that regards nothing as his own or as interesting to him--a saint. Also nirmamatva n & nirmamatā f Exemption &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirmama (निर्मम).—a Exempt from affection; that regards nothing as his own.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirmama (निर्मम).—a.

1) free from all connections with the outer world, who has renounced all worldly ties; संसारमिव निर्ममः (saṃsāramiva nirmamaḥ) (tatāra) R.12.6; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.71; निराशीर्निर्ममो भूत्वा युध्यस्व विगतज्वरः (nirāśīrnirmamo bhūtvā yudhyasva vigatajvaraḥ) 3.3.

2) unselfish, disinterested.

3) indifferent to (with loc.); निर्ममे निर्ममोऽर्थेषु मथुरां मधुराकृतिः (nirmame nirmamo'rtheṣu mathurāṃ madhurākṛtiḥ) R.15.28; प्राप्तेष्वर्थेषु निर्ममाः (prāpteṣvartheṣu nirmamāḥ) Mb.

4) an epithet of Śiva.

Nirmama is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and mama (मम).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirmama (निर्मम).—i. e. nis-mama (gen. sing. of asmad), adj., f. , Indifferent, Mahābhārata 13, 5358; 6749.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirmama (निर्मम).—[adjective] unselfish, disinterested, careless about ([locative]); [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirmama (निर्मम):—[=nir-mama] [from nir > niḥ] mf(ā)n. unselfish, disinterested, ([especially]) free from all worldly connections, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] regardless of, indifferent to ([locative case]), [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. (with Jainas) Name of 15th Arhat of the future Ut-sarpiṇī

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Śivagītā, ascribed to the padma-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirmama (निर्मम):—[nir-mama] (maḥ-mā-maṃ) a. Disinterested.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirmama (निर्मम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇimmama, Ṇīmama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirmama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirmama in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nirmama (निर्मम) [Also spelled nirmam]:—(a) cruel, heartless, ruthless; dry; unfeeling; ~[] cruelty, heartlessness, ruthlessness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirmama (ನಿರ್ಮಮ):—

1) [noun] absence of egoism, selfishness; unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; altruism.

2) [noun] the act or instance of relinquishing, abandoning, repudiating or sacrificing worldly possessions; renunciation.

3) [noun] a man who has renounced worldly possessions or he who is unselfish and altruistic.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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