Mahati, Mahatī: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Mahati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mahatī (महती) is another name (synonym) for Vārttākī, which is the Sanskrit word for Solanum melongena (eggplant), a plant from the Solanaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.194-195), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Mahatī (महती).—One of the seven major rivers in Kuśadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 87. It is also known by the name Dhṛti. Kuśadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Vapuṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mahatī (महती).—Nārada’s Vīṇā (Lute). It was this Mahatī which became the lute in the world, as the result of a curse. (See under Nārada).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mahatī (महती).—A river from Ṛṣyavān in Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 97.

1b) A R. of the Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 74.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Mahatī (महती) refers to “great (service)”, according to the 2nd-century Meghasūtra (“Cloud Sutra”) in those passages which contain ritual instructions.—Accordingly, “[...] Whoso hath the head purified, be they Bhikṣu or Bhikṣuṇī, Upāsaka or Upāsikā, let him, clothed in pure rainment with charity at heart, write these names of Tathāgatas, and put them on a seat, and then throw into the air a spoonful of seven odours. Let him repeat the names of Tathāgatas five times severally. He must do great service (mahatīmahatīṃ pūjāṃ), and continue in case of drought for seven days; [then] the deva will rain”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Mahati in India is the name of a plant defined with Solanum melongena in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Solanum melongena var. depressum Baill. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Histoire Naturelle, Médicale et Économique des Solanum (1813)
· Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (1981)
· Linnean Society of London (1837)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1986)
· Cytologia (1989)
· Acta Botanica Sinica (1985)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Mahati, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mahati : (mah + a) honours; reveres. || mahatī (f.) great; big; extensive.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mahati, (mah; explained by Dhtp 331 as “pūjāyaṃ”) to honour, revere Vv 4711 (pot. med. 1 pl. mahemase, cp. Geiger, P. Gr. § 129; explained as “mahāmase pūjāmase” at VvA. 203). Caus. mahāyati in same sense: ger. mahāyitvāna (poetical) J. IV, 236.—Pass. mahīyati Vv 621 (=pūjīyati VvA. 258); 6422 (ppr. mahīyamāna= pūjiyamāna VvA. 282). pp. mahita. (Page 525)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mahatī (महती).—(Sanskrit id., of Nārada's ‘seven-stringed’ lute; AMg. id., a kind of lute), a musical instrument (in long lists of them; °tīm, acc. sg.), presumably a kind of lute (vīṇā): Mahāvastu ii.159.5; iii.407.19; Divyāvadāna 108.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahatī (महती):—[from mahat > mah] f. the egg-plant, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] the (7 or 100-stringed) lute of Nārada, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

3) [v.s. ...] (with dvādaśī), the 12th day in the light half of the month Bhādrapada, [Purāṇa; Suśruta]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mahatī (महती) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Mahatī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mahatī (महती):—(a) see [mahat].

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Mahatī (महती) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Mahatī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mahati (ಮಹತಿ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being much higher in some quality; greatness; great merit.

2) [noun] a variety of stammering disease.

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Mahati (ಮಹತಿ):—

1) [noun] a kind of vīṇe, a stringed musical instrument.

2) [noun] the seven stringed vīne of Nārada, the celestial sage.

3) [noun] the plant Solanum indicum of Solanaceae family.

4) [noun] its fruit.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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