Shatrunjaya, Śatruñjaya: 7 definitions


Shatrunjaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatruñjaya can be transliterated into English as Satrunjaya or Shatrunjaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shatrunjaya in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय).—A Sauvīra prince, who followed Jayadratha with a flag. Arjuna killed him in a battle consequent to the Svayaṃvara of Draupadī. (Vana Parva, Chapter 271, Verse 27).

2) Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. The following facts about him are gathered from the Mahābhārata.

2) (i) Duryodhana deputed him for the protection of Bhīṣma in the great war. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 8).

2) (ii) He attacked the five Kekaya kings. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 79, Verse 56).

2) (iii) Bhīma killed him. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 227, Verse 29).

3) Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय).—A warrior and a brother of Karṇa who fought on the Kaurava side and got killed by Arjuna. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 31 Verse 62).

4) Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय).—Another warrior, who fought on the Kaurava side whom Abhimanyu killed. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 56, Verse 181).

5) Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय).—A son of Drupada. In the great battle Aśvatthāmā killed him. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 56 Verse 151).

6) Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय).—A King of Sauvīra. Kaṇika, the son of Bharadvāja, taught him political science and all other cunning ways. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 140).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Shatrunjaya in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय) is the warden of Vikramatuṅga: a king from Pāṭaliputra according to the story “the brave king Vikramatuṅga” according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 35. Accordingly, “when the king was dwelling there, the warder Śatruñjaya entered suddenly one day and said secretly to him: ‘There is standing at the door, O King, a Brāhman lad, who says his name is Dattaśarman; he wishes to make a representation to you in private’.”

The story of Śatruñjaya and Vikramatuṅga was narrated to king Hemaprabha by queen Alaṅkāraprabhā in order to demonstrate that “the Lord grants their desires to men of fierce courage, seeming to be either terrified or pleased by them”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śatruñjaya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shatrunjaya in Jainism glossary
Source: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय).—Ascetic Puṇḍarika attained perfection at the sacred place of Śatruñjaya, which is also known as Diddhikṣetra, Tīrtharāja, Marudeva, Bhagīratha, Vimalādri, Vāhubali, Sahasrakamala, Tālabhaja, Kadamba, Śatapatra, Nagādhirāja, Aṣṭottaraśatakūṭa, Sahasrapatra, Ḍhaṅka, Lauhitya, Kaparddinivāsa, Siddhaśekhara, Muktinilaya, Siddhiparvata and Puṇḍarīka. It is adorned with five summits (kūṭas). It was visited by a alrge number of acocmplished sages, such as Ṛṣabhasena and twenty-three arhats from Nābheya to Vīra excepting Nemiśvara.

King Śrī Vāhubali built the temple of Marudeva at Śatruñjaya. Great sages like Nami and Vinami here attained the bliss of perfection. Many saints and kings attained perfect beatitude. Here the five Pāṇḍavas with Kuntī attained perfection. Ajita and Śānti, two Jinas, spent the lent here. Nandiṣeṇa Gaṇeśa offered to Ajita and Śānti hymns beneficial to persons suffering from diseases. King Meghaghoṣa, the great grandson of Kalkī, built two temples of Marudeva and Śānti. Here stand the temples of Pārśva and Vira at Pādaliptapura. Below is the gigantic temple of Neminātha. This temple of Yugādiśa was restored by Mantrīśvara Vāgbhaṭa at an enormous cost.

Seṭṭhi (banker) Jāvaḍi heard about the peculiar virtue of Śatruñjaya. Ho ascended the summit of the caitya with his wife and attained heavenly bliss by establishing the images of Puṇḍarīka and Kaparddī thereupon. On the south is the image of primeval Puṇḍarīka and on the left is another image set up by Jāvaḍi. The cave lying to the north of Śrīmad Ṛṣabha, set up by the Pāṇḍavas, still exists. Close to the Ajita-caitya lies the Anupama lake. Near Marudevī is the magnificent caitya of Śānti. Here are mines of gold and silver within a space of thirty cubits in front of the temple of Śānti. At a distance of one hundred ciibits lies the Pūrvadvāra well.

Śatruñjaya was under the rule of Dharmadatta and his son, Meghaghoṣa. Minister Vastupāla, the younger brother of Tejapāla, thinking of the defeat in future at the hands of the Mlecchas, established the image sof Ādyārhat and Puṇḍarīka. The images as set up by Jāvaḍi was broken into pieces by Mlecchas. Pālittān is a town in Vālakya where lived Kaparddi, the mayor of the place, who was a man of dissolute character. One day two Sūris came to him on the occasion of the Śatruñjaya festival.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय) is the name of a sacred place visited by Lord Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] Making the Gaurjaras like gods from the destruction of evil and distress; making strong the Saurāṣṭras, like a physician, he went to Śatruñjaya [...] Just as the Master, the Blessed Ṛṣabha, was the first Tīrthakṛt, so Mt. Śatruñjaya became the first tīrtha. Wherever even one yati becomes emancipated, that is a purifying tīrtha. How much more where so many great Ṛṣis became emancipated. Then the Lord of Bharata had a shrine made on Mount Śatruñjaya of jeweled slabs, rivaling the peak of Meru. Inside it the King erected the Lord’s statue together with the statue of Puṇḍarīka, like intelligence inside the mind”.

2) Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय) is the name of an ancient king (from Ayodhyā), according to chapter 5.4 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly, as King Ghanaratha said:—“[...] Nandimitra, rich in many buffaloes, lived in Ayodhyā in Bharatakṣetra in Jambūdvīpa. They (i.e., Tāmrakalaśa and Kāñcanakalaśa) became two fine buffaloes in his herd, very dear to him. They grew up large-bodied like young elephants. Dhanasena and Nandiṣeṇa, sons of King Śatruñjaya and Devānandā, saw the buffaloes. The two buffaloes, arrogant as buffaloes of Kṛtānta, were made to fight by the sons of the king of Ayodhyā out of curiosity. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shatrunjaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Subduing an enemy. m.

(-yaḥ) 1. The mountain Vimala, or Girnar, or a mountainous range in Guzerat. 2. An elephant. E. śatru a foe, ji to conquer, khac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. The mountain Vimala; an elephant. a. Subduing an enemy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śatruñjaya (शत्रुञ्जय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sattujaya, Settuṃja.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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