Nandivardhana, Nandi-vardhana, Nandivardhanā: 15 definitions
Nandivardhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन):—Son of Udāvasu (son of Mithila, another name for Janaka). He had a son named Suketu. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.14)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—The name of the conch of Sātyaki. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 61, Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha).
2) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—A King of the solar dynasty. He was the son of Vīrada and the father of Suketu. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—A son of Udāvasu and father of Suketu.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 7. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 25.
1b) A son of Rājaka (Viśākhayūpa) and the last of the five Pradyotanas, who ruled for 138 years.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 4.
1c) A son of Ajaya (Ajaka, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) and father of Mahānandi; ruled for 20 years (40)?*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 7. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 126 and 133.
1d) A palace with seven storeys; the toraṇa is of 32 hastas.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 269. 29, 48.
1e) A son of Sūryaka: was succeeded by Śiśunāka; ruled for thirty years.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 272. 5.
1f) The son of Udāsi, and a Śaisunāga ruled for 40 years. (42 years Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa).*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 272. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 320.
1g) A son of Manivara; a Yakṣa and a Guhyaka.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 158.
1h) A son of Janaka and father of Nandi of the Pradyota dynasty.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 6-7.
1i) A son of Udayana and father of Mahānandi of the Śaisanābha dynasty.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 17-8.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the 2nd century Matsyapurāṇa and the Viśvakarmaprakāśa, both featuring a list of 20 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.
Nandivardhana is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 63, where it is listed in the group named Nāgara, containing 20 different prāsādas (temples/buildings).
Nandivardhana is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Vairāja, featuring square-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—According to the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya, after having crossed the Indus towards the west, the Buddha took eight stages to cross Uḍḍiyāna, the Lampāka, and arrived in the neighborhood of Peshawar.
7th stage.—The seventh stage brought the Buddha to the city of Nandivardhana. According to the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya, the Buddha converted king Devabhūti and his family there, the seven sons of the caṇḍāli, the protector yakṣa of the lake, the nāgas Aśvaka and Punarvasu, for whom he left his shadow in a lake close to the city, and finally the two yakṣīs Nalikā and Naḍodayā.
S. Lévi, who has collected a series of references on the city of Nandivardhana, locates it between Jelāl-ābād and Peshawar. The A yu wang tchouan, for what it is worth, restricts the area of search, for it places the conversion of the caṇḍāli in Gandhāra. This event having occurred at Nandivardhana, the city of this name is somewhere between the western border of Gandhara and the city of Peshawar. It is likely that the Buddha, leaving Nagarahāra, crossed Lampāka in an easterly direction and entered Gandhara by the Khyber Pass (or more likely, by flying over the mountains) and arrived at Nandivardhana.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Nandivardhanā (नन्दिवर्धना) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the eastern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
“[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Nandivardhanā], living on the eastern Rucaka Mountains, came in chariots rivaling the mind (in speed) as it were. After bowing to the Master and to Marudevā and announcing themselves as before, singing auspicious songs, they stood in front, holding mirrors. [...].”.
Note: In the continent Rucakadvīpa is a circular mountain-ranges Rucaka. On this in the four directions are 4 temples, and on both sides of each temple are 4 mountain peaks, making 8 peaks in each direction. Each peak is inhabited by a Dikkumārī [viz., Nandivardhanā].—(cf. ‘Die Kosmographie der Inder’ pp. 257f).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन) or Nāndivardhana or Nandīvardhana.—As suggested by R. B. Hiralal, the city of Nandivardhana is most probably identical with Nagardhan (or Nandardhana), four miles south of Ramtek and twenty-eight miles north of Nagpur. T.A. Wellsted, however, mentions that there are stronger grounds for supposing that at Nandpur, one mile south-east of Nagardhana, we find the remains of the ancient Nandivardhana, and not atNagardhana. It may be noted here that Nandivardhana of the Rithpur Plates has been identified with Nandur of the Yeotmal taluq in the district of the same name in Maharashtra. Nandivardhana was the capital of the Vākāṭakas, after the death of Pravarasena I. According to the Sindūra-gīri-māhātmya, Nandivardhana was a holy place.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) an epithet of Śiva.
2) a friend.
3) the end of a lunar fortnight, i. e. the day of new or full moon.
4) a son.
5) a friend.
6) a particular form of temple.
Derivable forms: nandivardhanaḥ (नन्दिवर्धनः).
Nandivardhana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandi and vardhana (वर्धन).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—(m. or) nt., name of a locality: Mahā-Māyūrī 35 (see Lévi p. 78); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.xviii.3 f.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन) or Nandivarddhana.—m.
(-naḥ) 1. Siva. 2. The last day of either half of the month, the full or new moon. 3. A son. 4. A friend. E. nandi happiness, &c. and vardhana increasing. vṛdha-ṇic lyu .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—I. adj. causing joy, Mahābhārata 5, 2937. Ii. m. 1. a son, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 112, 4. 2. a proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 13, 14.
Nandivardhana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandi and vardhana (वर्धन).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—[adjective] increasing the happiness of ([genetive]); [masculine] [Epithet] of Śiva, a man’s name.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन):—[=nandi-vardhana] [from nandi > nand] mfn. increasing pleasure, promoting happiness (with [genitive case]), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] m. son, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] friend, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] the end of a half-month, the day of full moon or of new moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] form of temple, [Varāha-mihira] (cf. nandana and din)
6) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure
7) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]
8) [v.s. ...] of a prince (son of Udāvasu), [Rāmāyaṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Janaka, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Udayāśva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Rājaka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
12) [v.s. ...] of a son of A-jaya, [ib.]
13) [v.s. ...] of a brother of Mahāvīra
14) [v.s. ...] Name of a town, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+17): Udavasu, Suketu, Shishunaga, Mahanandi, Ajaya, Pradyotana, Janaka, Shishunaka, Udayana, Prithivisena, Nandivarddhana, Sarvasena, Rudrasena, Devarata, Vishrutacarita, Kurujit, Pravarapura, Pravarasena, Nagara, Rajaka.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Nandivardhana, Nandi-vardhana, Nandivardhanā, Nandi-vardhanā; (plurals include: Nandivardhanas, vardhanas, Nandivardhanās, vardhanās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 5: Initiation of Mahāvīra < [Chapter II - Mahāvira’s birth and mendicancy]
Part 17: Previous births of Daśaratha < [Chapter IV - The, birth, marriage, and retreat to the forest of Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa]
Part 1: Loss of half of his garment < [Chapter III - Mahāvīra’s first six years as an ascetic]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 64 - The description of Nimi dynasty (vaṃśa) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 74 - Royal Dynasties < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXXVIII - Genealogy of royal princes (solar race) < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 71 - King Janaka gives an account of the succession and his dynasty < [Book 1 - Bala-kanda]