Nandivardhana, Nandi-vardhana, Nandivardhanā, Namdivardhana: 20 definitions


Nandivardhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nandivardhana in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन):—Son of Udāvasu (son of Mithila, another name for Janaka). He had a son named Suketu. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.14)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—The name of the conch of Sātyaki. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 61, Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha).

2) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—A King of the solar dynasty. He was the son of Vīrada and the father of Suketu. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—A son of Udāvasu and father of Suketu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 7. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 25.

1b) A son of Rājaka (Viśākhayūpa) and the last of the five Pradyotanas, who ruled for 138 years.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 4.

1c) A son of Ajaya (Ajaka, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) and father of Mahānandi; ruled for 20 years (40)?*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 7. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 126 and 133.

1d) A palace with seven storeys; the toraṇa is of 32 hastas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 269. 29, 48.

1e) A son of Sūryaka: was succeeded by Śiśunāka; ruled for thirty years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 272. 5.

1f) The son of Udāsi, and a Śaisunāga ruled for 40 years. (42 years Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 272. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 320.

1g) A son of Manivara; a Yakṣa and a Guhyaka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 158.

1h) A son of Janaka and father of Nandi of the Pradyota dynasty.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 6-7.

1i) A son of Udayana and father of Mahānandi of the Śaisanābha dynasty.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 17-8.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Nandivardhana in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the 2nd century Matsyapurāṇa and the Viśvakarmaprakāśa, both featuring a list of 20 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Nandivardhana is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 63, where it is listed in the group named Nāgara, containing 20 different prāsādas (temples/buildings).

Nandivardhana is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Vairāja, featuring square-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Nandivardhana in Ayurveda glossary

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन) (lit. “one who is promoting happiness”) is a synonym (another name) for the Blue jay (Cāṣa), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Nandivardhana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—According to the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya, after having crossed the Indus towards the west, the Buddha took eight stages to cross Uḍḍiyāna, the Lampāka, and arrived in the neighborhood of Peshawar.

7th stage.—The seventh stage brought the Buddha to the city of Nandivardhana. According to the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya, the Buddha converted king Devabhūti and his family there, the seven sons of the caṇḍāli, the protector yakṣa of the lake, the nāgas Aśvaka and Punarvasu, for whom he left his shadow in a lake close to the city, and finally the two yakṣīs Nalikā and Naḍodayā.

S. Lévi, who has collected a series of references on the city of Nandivardhana, locates it between Jelāl-ābād and Peshawar. The A yu wang tchouan, for what it is worth, restricts the area of search, for it places the conversion of the caṇḍāli in Gandhāra. This event having occurred at Nandivardhana, the city of this name is somewhere between the western border of Gandhara and the city of Peshawar. It is likely that the Buddha, leaving Nagarahāra, crossed Lampāka in an easterly direction and entered Gandhara by the Khyber Pass (or more likely, by flying over the mountains) and arrived at Nandivardhana.

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन) [?] (in Chinese: Nan-t'i-po-t'an-na) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Śatabhiṣaj or Śatabhiṣannakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Śatabhiṣaj] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Nandivardhana] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nandivardhana in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Nandivardhanā (नन्दिवर्धना) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the eastern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Nandivardhanā], living on the eastern Rucaka Mountains, came in chariots rivaling the mind (in speed) as it were. After bowing to the Master and to Marudevā and announcing themselves as before, singing auspicious songs, they stood in front, holding mirrors. [...].”.

2) Nandivardhanā (नन्दिवर्धना) refers to one of the lotus-lakes situated near the four Añjana mountains, which are situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3.—Accordingly, “In the four directions from each of the Añjana Mountains there are lotus-lakes, 100,000 yojanas square: [e.g., Nandivardhanā, ...]. At a distance of 500 yojanas from each of them there are great gardens, 500 yojanas wide and 100,000 long, [...]. Within the lotus-lakes are the crystal Dadhimukha Mountains, [...] Between each two lotus-lakes there are 2 Ratikara Mountains so there are 32 Ratikara Mountains. On the Dadhimukha Mountains and on the Ratikara Mountains, there are eternal shrines of the Arhats, just as on the Añjana Mountains. [...]”.

3) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन) is the son of king Nandighoṣa, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa]: a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, as Muni Satyabhūti said to king Daśaratha (son of king Anaraṇya): “[...] In the city Puṣkalā in the province Puṣkalāvatī you were born Nandivardhana, the son of King Nandighoṣa and Queen Pṛthvī. Nandighoṣa installed you, his son Nandivardhana, on the throne, was initiated by Muni Yaśodhara, and went to Graiveyaka. You, Nandivardhana, guarded your layman’s duties, died, became a god in Brahmaloka, and then fell”.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन) or nandivardhanasūri was the teacher of Puṇyaratna Muni: is the author of the Neminātharāsa (dealing with Jain universal history such as the Jinas and related figures), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—According to the Koba database the author, Puṇyaratna Muni, belonged to the rājagaccha and was the pupil of Nandivardhana-sūri. But the Udine manuscript does not contain this information. The pupil took over the same topic as his teacher, who had already composed a Yādavarāsa in VS 1588.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Nandivardhana in India history glossary
Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन) or Nāndivardhana or Nandīvardhana.—As suggested by R. B. Hiralal, the city of Nandivardhana is most probably identical with Nagardhan (or Nandardhana), four miles south of Ramtek and twenty-eight miles north of Nagpur. T.A. Wellsted, however, mentions that there are stronger grounds for supposing that at Nandpur, one mile south-east of Nagardhana, we find the remains of the ancient Nandivardhana, and not atNagardhana. It may be noted here that Nandivardhana of the Rithpur Plates has been identified with Nandur of the Yeotmal taluq in the district of the same name in Maharashtra. Nandivardhana was the capital of the Vākāṭakas, after the death of Pravarasena I. According to the Sindūra-gīri-māhātmya, Nandivardhana was a holy place.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Nandivardhana in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Nandivardhana in India is the name of a plant defined with Tabernaemontana divaricata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ervatamia coronaria (Jacquin) Stapf (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschapen (1790)
· Guihaia (1986)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Notulae Systematicae. (1948)
· Systema Vegetabilium (1819)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Regii Botanici Berolinensis: (1809)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Nandivardhana, for example diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nandivardhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—

1) an epithet of Śiva.

2) a friend.

3) the end of a lunar fortnight, i. e. the day of new or full moon.

4) a son.

5) a friend.

6) a particular form of temple.

Derivable forms: nandivardhanaḥ (नन्दिवर्धनः).

Nandivardhana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandi and vardhana (वर्धन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—(m. or) nt., name of a locality: Mahā-Māyūrī 35 (see Lévi p. 78); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.xviii.3 f.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन) or Nandivarddhana.—m.

(-naḥ) 1. Siva. 2. The last day of either half of the month, the full or new moon. 3. A son. 4. A friend. E. nandi happiness, &c. and vardhana increasing. vṛdha-ṇic lyu .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—I. adj. causing joy, Mahābhārata 5, 2937. Ii. m. 1. a son, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 112, 4. 2. a proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 13, 14.

Nandivardhana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandi and vardhana (वर्धन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन).—[adjective] increasing the happiness of ([genetive]); [masculine] [Epithet] of Śiva, a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nandivardhana (नन्दिवर्धन):—[=nandi-vardhana] [from nandi > nand] mfn. increasing pleasure, promoting happiness (with [genitive case]), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. son, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] friend, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the end of a half-month, the day of full moon or of new moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] form of temple, [Varāha-mihira] (cf. nandana and din)

6) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] of a prince (son of Udāvasu), [Rāmāyaṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Janaka, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Udayāśva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Rājaka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of a son of A-jaya, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] of a brother of Mahāvīra

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a town, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

[Sanskrit to German]

Nandivardhana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nandivardhana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Naṃdivardhana (ನಂದಿವರ್ಧನ):—

1) [noun] Śiva.

2) [noun] one’s son.

3) [noun] a friend.

4) [noun] the tree Lagerstroemia lanceolata of Lythraceae family.

5) [noun] a particular type of construction (chiefly of temples).

6) [noun] the fifteenth day of a lunar fortnight; full moon-day or new moon-day.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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