Wisdom Library Logo

Mahoraga, 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mahoraga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Mahoraga (महोरग).—A son of Viśveśā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 49.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Pali

mahoraga : (m.) a king of Nāgas.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Mahoraga (महोरग).—The mahoragas are a group of deities categorised as belonging to the vyantara class of Gods (devas). The vyantaras represent a class of Gods (devas) comprising eight groups of deities that wander about the three worlds (adhaloka, madhyaloka and ūrdhvaloka).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Mahoraga (महोरग).—A class of vyantara gods;—The Tiloyapaṇṇati divides them into 10 classes:

  1. Bhujaga,
  2. Bhujaṅgaśāli,
  3. Mahātanu,
  4. Atikāya,
  5. Skandhaśāli,
  6. Manohara,
  7. Aśanijava,
  8. Maheśvara,
  9. Gambhīra,
  10. Priyadarśana.

The Mahoragas have dark complexion. The Nāga-tree is their Caitya-tree.

According to the Śvetāmbaras, the 10 Mahoragas are:

  1. Bhujaga,
  2. Bhogaśāli,
  3. Mahākaya,
  4. Atikāya,
  5. Skandhaśāli,
  6. Manorama,
  7. Mahāvega,
  8. Mahāyakṣa,
  9. Merukānta,
  10. Bhāsvanta.

Blackish in appearance, they have braod and muscular shoulders and necks and are adorned with various ornaments and sandal paste marks. The Nāga is the mark on their heralds.

The cities of Mahoraga gods situated in the vedi have palaces of square and rectangular plans, and of white, ruby, golden or various colors. These mansions contain various apartments, such as olagaśālā, mantraśālā, bhūṣaṇaśālā, abhiṣekaśālā etc.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Mahoraga (महोरग) refers to the “great serpent” class of “peripatetic celestial beings” (vyantara), itself a category of devas (celestial beings), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.10. Who are the lords amongst the great serpent (mahoraga) class of peripatetic (forest) celestial beings? Atikāya and Mahākāya are the two lords in the great serpent peripatetic celestial beings.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Relevant definitions

Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Gambhira
gambhīra (गंभीर).—a Deep. Fig. Grave, solemn, staid, reflecting, thoughtful. Deep or full- a so...
Mahakaya
Mahākāya (महाकाय) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Mahoraga class of “peripatetic...
Manorama
manōrama (मनोरम).—a Pleasing, charming.--- OR --- manōramā (मनोरमा).—f An endearing term for a ...
Maheshvara
Maheśvara (महेश्वर).—There existed yet another group of Siddhas from the South known as Maheśva...
Manohara
manōhara (मनोहर).—a (S) That steals away the mind; charming, captivating, delightful, lovely. 2...
Atikaya
Atikāya (अतिकाय) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Mahoraga class of “peripatetic ...
Vyantara
Vyantara (व्यन्तर) refers to “peripatetic (forest) celestial beings” and represents one of the ...
Merukanta
Merukānta (मेरुकान्त) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to the Śvetāmbara tr...
Bhujaga
Bhujaga (भुजग) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to both the Digambara and t...
Priyadarshana
Priyadarśana (प्रियदर्शन) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to the Digambara...
Bhasvanta
Bhāsvanta (भास्वन्त) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to the Śvetāmbara tra...
Ashanijava
Aśanijava (अशनिजव) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to the Digambara tradit...
Mahatanu
Mahātanu (महातनु) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to the Digambara traditi...
Mahayaksha
Mahāyakṣa (महायक्ष) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to the Śvetāmbara trad...
Mahavega
1) Mahāvega (महावेग) refers to a class of bhūta deities according to the Śvetāmbara tradition o...

Relevant text

Search found books containing Mahoraga. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:

- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.