Bhujaga: 19 definitions


Bhujaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bhujaga (भुजग) refers to a “serpent”, according to the Commentary on the Śivasūtra.—Accordingly, “That subtle and supreme power is said to be Stillness (nirācāra). Wrapping (itself around) [i.e., veṣṭayitvā] the Point (bindu) (in the centre) of the heart, her form is that of a sleeping serpent [i.e., prasupta-bhujaga-ākṛti]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhujaga (भुजग) refers to “serpents”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Saturn also presides over pungent flavour and bitter flavour; over chemistry; over widows, serpents (bhujaga), thieves, buffaloes, asses, camels, beans, leguminous seeds and Niṣpāva”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhujaga in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Bhujaga (भुजग) refers to “snakes”, according to the Śivayogadīpikā, an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with Yoga possibly corresponding to the Śivayoga quoted in Śivānanda’s Yogacintāmaṇi.—Accordingly, [while describing a sequence of Haṭhayoga practices]: “Thus, by means of this Haṭhayoga which has eight auxiliaries, those [students who are] life-long celibates obtain the Siddhis of the [best of Sages] because of their untiring practice. [...] Then, in the third year, he is not hurt by noxious [animals] such as snakes (bhujaga). In the fourth year, he is free from [any] torment, thirst, sleep, cold and heat. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhujaga (भुजग) refers to “snakes”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.5 (“Kārttikeya is crowned”).—Accordingly, after the Kṛttikās spoke to Kārttikeya: “[...] Kumāra reached the foot of a Nyagrodha tree at Kailāsa in the fast chariot along with Nandin seated to his right. [...] On seeing his son, the great lord Śiva, the sole kinsman of the universe along with the great goddess Pārvatī was filled with pleasure and love—the lord who wore snakes (bhujaga) on his body [bhujagabhogayuto hi] and was surrounded by the Pramathas. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Bhujaga (भुजग) is a synonym of Sarpa (“snake”), according to the Amarakośa.—The Sanatkumāra Saṃhitā (III.36cd-37ab) states that snakes are of two kinds, Nāgas and Sarpas. While the former can take any form they desire, the latter are those which glide. The Amarakośa (verses I.10.3-6) gives 33 synonyms for snake [viz. Bhujaga]. Snakes are said to reside in Nāgaloka which is located in the endless bowels of the earth with countless palaces, houses and towers, it is also known as pātālaloka.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Bhujaga (भुजग) refers to “serpents”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [After the Nāgas were pacified by the Heart-dhāraṇī]: “Then the Bhagavān praised those Nāga chiefs, ‘Well done, well done, O Serpent chiefs (bhujaga-adhipata). You should act like this. You should protect Jambudvīpa with good protection [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Bhujaga (भुजग) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to both the Digambara and the Śvetāmbara traditions. The mahoraga refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The mahoragas are are dark or black in complexion and the Nāga is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree).

The deities such as the Bhujagas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhujaga (भुजग) refers to “snakes”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “On the earth even the lord of the snakes (bhujaga-īśa) with a thousand trembling mouths is not able to describe clearly the entire power of the doctrine. Those who have adopted a heterodox doctrine, lacking in [knowledge of the highest] reality, proclaim various doctrines. They are not aware of the reality of things because they are not competent to examine that [doctrine]”.

Synonyms: Bhujaṅga, Bhogin, Vyāla, Nāga.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhujaga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhujaga : (m.) a snake.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhujaga (भुजग).—[bhuj-bhakṣaṇe ka, bhujaḥ kuṭilībhavan san gacchati, gam ḍa] A snake, serpent; भुजगाश्लेषसंवीतजानोः (bhujagāśleṣasaṃvītajānoḥ) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.1; Meghadūta 62; also 112.

-gī The Āśleṣā Nakṣatra.

Derivable forms: bhujagaḥ (भुजगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhujaga (भुजग).—m.

(-gaḥ) A snake. E. bhuj a curve, and ga who goes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhujaga (भुजग).—[bhuj + a-ga] 1., m. A snake, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 4. f. , A female snake, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1156.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhujaga (भुजग).—[masculine] ī [feminine] snake (lit. going crookedly), serpent-demon or serpent-maid; [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhujaga (भुजग):—[=bhuja-ga] [from bhuja > bhuj] a See bhujaga.

2) [from bhuj] b m. ([from] bhuja + ga) ‘going in curves’, a snake, serpent, serpent-demon (ifc. f(ā). ), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (-tva n., [Mahābhārata])

3) [from bhuj] n. ([probably]) tin or lead, [Kālacakra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhujaga (भुजग):—[bhuja-ga] (gaḥ) 1. m. A snake.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhujaga (भुजग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhuaga, Bhuagā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhujaga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhujaga (ಭುಜಗ):—

1) [noun] any of numerous limbless, scaly, elongate reptiles of the suborder Serpentes, comprising venomous and nonvenomous species inhabiting tropical and temperate areas; a snake.

2) [noun] a man who has illicit sexual relations with a woman.

3) [noun] (math.) a symbol for the number eight.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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