Maitra, aka: Maitrā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Maitra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Maitra in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1) Maitra (मैत्र).—A demon tribe. Once a sage named Lomaśa persuaded Dharmaputra to attack this tribe.

2) Maitra (मैत्र).—An auspicious time (Muhūrta). Śrī Kṛṣṇa started on his historic journey to Hastināpura at Maitramuhūrta. (Śloka 6, Chapter 83, Udyoga Parva).

3) Maitra (मैत्र).—A constellation. Kṛtavarmā joined the Kaurava side on the day of this constellation. (Śloka 14, Chapter 35, Śalya Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Maitra (मैत्र).—One of the 8 muhūrtas of the afternoon.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 40.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Maitra (मैत्र).—The nakṣatra, Anurādhā which is presided over by Mitra. Note: Maitra is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Maitrā (मैत्रा, “loving-kindness”) or Maitrī refers to one of the “four immeasurables” (apramāṇa), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32.—Accordingly, “Maitrī is to think about beings with love and always to seek for the safety (yogakṣema) and happy things in order to bring them good. Maitrī is practiced to remove hostility (vyāpāda) toward beings”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

maitra (मैत्र).—m (Properly mitra) A friend.

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maitra (मैत्र).—a S Friendly, amicable, relating to friend.

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maitra (मैत्र).—n S A name for the seventeenth lunar asterism or anurādhā.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maitra (मैत्र).—m A friend. a Friendly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maitra (मैत्र).—a. (-trī f.) [मित्र-अण् (mitra-aṇ)]

1) Belonging to a friend.

2) Given by a friend.

3) Friendly, well-disposed, amicable, kind; कुर्यादन्यन्न वा कुर्यान्मैत्रो ब्राह्मण उच्यते (kuryādanyanna vā kuryānmaitro brāhmaṇa ucyate) Ms.2. 87; अद्वेष्टा सर्वभूतानां मैत्रः करुण एव च (adveṣṭā sarvabhūtānāṃ maitraḥ karuṇa eva ca) Bg.12.13.

4) Relating to the god Mitra (as a Muhūrta); Ku.7.6 (com. 'ārdraḥ sārdrastathā maitraḥ śubho vāsava eva ca' iti bṛhaspati- smaraṇāt); मैत्रे मुहूर्ते प्रययौ प्रयागवनमुत्तमम् (maitre muhūrte prayayau prayāgavanamuttamam) Rām.2.89.21 (com. udayāt tṛtīyamuhūrte).

-traḥ 1 A high or perfect Brāhmaṇa; परिनिष्ठितकार्यस्तु स्वाध्यायेनैव ब्राह्मणः । कुर्यादन्यत्र वा कुर्यान्मैत्रो ब्राह्मण उच्यते (pariniṣṭhitakāryastu svādhyāyenaiva brāhmaṇaḥ | kuryādanyatra vā kuryānmaitro brāhmaṇa ucyate) || Mb.12.6.12.

2) Name of a particular mixed tribe; Ms.1.23.

3) The anus; Ms.12. 72 (com.).

4) A friend.

-trī 1 Friendship, good will.

2) Intimate connection or association, union, contact; प्रत्यूषेषु स्फुटितकमलामोदमैत्रीकषायः (pratyūṣeṣu sphuṭitakamalāmodamaitrīkaṣāyaḥ) Me.31.

3) The lunar mansion called अनुराधा (anurādhā); तार्थयात्रां हलधरः (tārthayātrāṃ haladharaḥ) ...... मैत्र- नक्षत्रयोगे स्म (maitra- nakṣatrayoge sma) Mb.9.35.14.

-tram 1 Friendship.

2) Voiding or evacuation of excrement; मैत्रं प्रसाधनं स्नानम् (maitraṃ prasādhanaṃ snānam) (pūrvāhṇa eva kurvīta) Ms.4.152.

3) A prayer addressed to Mitra; अजातशत्रुः कृतमैत्रो हुताग्निः (ajātaśatruḥ kṛtamaitro hutāgniḥ) Bhāg.1.13.3.

4) The lunar mansion अनुराधा (anurādhā) (maitrabham in the same sense).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maitrā (मैत्रा).—(rarely maitryā, q.v.; = Pali mettā; the Sanskrit equivalent maitrī is also extensively used, notably instead of this as one of the apramāṇa; Sanskrit also maitra, maitrya), love, benevolence; sometimes as one (the first) of the four apramāṇa or brahmavihāra, qq.v.: maitrāya, oblique case, Mv i.175.3 (verse; same line maitryāya iii.346.15, see maitryā); maitrāya (instr.; v.l. °tryāya) sphuṭā Mv ii.350.15; (compare maitryā, stem maitrī, sphāritvā Mv i.313.17, and see maitryā;) maitrā-vihārī Mv iii.421.18; Ud xxxii.20 (22); (compare mahāmaitra-vihārī LV 426.3, prose, with Sanskrit maitra;) maitrā-pariśuddho Mv ii.362.5; with the other three apramāṇa, maitrāyāṃ (loc.) LV 164.15 (verse); maitrāya (gen.) 183.3 (verse); other cases, maitrā vijitya…mārapak- ṣāṃ LV 343.6 (verse), by love (instr.); maitrām anusarati Kalpanāmaṇḍitikā, Lüders, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 2, 44; acc. to Kern, Preface viii, used in Kashgar recension of SP for text maitrī; maitrātmaka Divy 319.20, 26, could contain this or Sanskrit maitra; see also next.

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Maitrā (मैत्रा) or Maitryā.—(Sanskrit maitrī, and maitrya, nt.; our stem seems to be a rare blend of more than one of these), love, benevolence: maitryāya (instr.) sphāritvā Mv i.314.1 (prose; compare maitryā sphāritvā 313.17); tasmāt te sadṛśo nāsti maitryāya (obl.; loc., or instr.?) Mv iii.346.15 (verse; same line with maitrāya i.175.3).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maitra (मैत्र).—mfn.

(-traḥ-trī-traṃ) Of or belongining to a friend, friendly, amicable. m.

(-traḥ) 1. A Brahmana. 2. A mixed caste. 3. The anus. nf. (-traṃ-trī) 1. Friendship. 2. Evacuation of excrement. 3. Union. 4. A name of the seventeenth lunar asterism, (see the next.) E. mitra a friend, or the sun and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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