Mahima, aka: Mahimā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mahima means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Mahimā (महिमा):—Seventh of the eight Mahāmātṛs existing within the Mātṛcakra, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. Mahimā stands for the element “earth”. The eight Mahāmātṛs are also called mudrās because all the directions are ‘sealed’ by them.

Mahimā (as do each of the eight Mahāmātṛs) divides herself into eight (secondary) mātṛs, presided over by a Bhairava (fearsome manifestations of Śiva) and his Mātṛkā as consorts. The Mātṛs of this sixth and north-western group are born from Mahimā’s body. They are presided over by Jhaṇṭha Bhairava and his consort Aindryā.

The eight deities originating from Mahimā are called:

  1. Nivṛtti,
  2. Pratiṣṭhā,
  3. Vidyā,
  4. Śānti,
  5. Śāntātītā,
  6. Pṛthivī,
  7. Vajriṇī
  8. and Kāmadhenavī.

All these Mātṛs are characterized as carrying a diamond (vajra) in their hand.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Mahima in Yoga glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahimā (महिमा) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “ability to become huge”, as described in the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Mahima in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahimā (महिमा) refers to the “power of greatness”, representing the achievements of the western petal of the Aṣṭadala (mystical diagram of the lotus of eight petals), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.11, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] the Liṅga shall be purified and installed with various mantras beginning with Praṇava and ending with Namaḥ (obeisance). The pedestal in the form of Svastika or lotus shall be assigned with Praṇava. In the eight petals, in the eight quarters, the eight achievements are identified [viz., the western is Mahimā (greatness)]”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

1a) Mahimā (महिमा).—A siddhi devī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 4; 36. 51; 44. 108.

1b) One of the eight Yogaiśvaryas; the third Yoga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 13. 3, 13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Mahimā (महिमा) refers to “transforming the body into bigger stature” and represents one of the eleven types of extraordinary form-changing (vikriyā), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary power to transform body into bigger stature (mahimā-riddhi)? It is the extraordinary power by which one transforms his body into bigger stature like a hill.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

mahimā (महिमा).—m f (S) Greatness, grandeur, glory, illustriousness, majesty. Ex. patanauddhāra santāñcā ma0 || tyajāvēṃ adhamā santadvēṣṭayā ||. 2 m Magnitude as one of Shiva's attributes, immensity or illimitability. 3 Greatness or magnitude in general.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahimā (महिमा).—m f Greatness, glory. m Magnitude.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 42 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Siddhi
Siddhi (सिद्धि, “achievement”) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of ...
Vidya
Vidyā (विद्या) refers to a “learning”, which is mentioned as obtainable through the worship of ...
Shanti
Śānti (शान्ति, “peace”) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the thr...
Pratishtha
Pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा) refers to “extraordinary status”, mentioned as one of the potential rewar...
Prithivi
Pṛthivi (पृथिवि).—f. (-viḥ) The earth: see the next.--- OR --- Pṛthivī (पृथिवी).—f. (-vī) The e...
Vibhuti
Vibhūti (विभूति).—f. (-tiḥ) 1. Superhuman power, consisting of eight faculties especially attri...
Nivritti
Nivṛtti (निवृत्ति).—f. (-ttiḥ) 1. Cessation, completion, leaving off, rest, repose. 2. Disconti...
Caritra
Caritra (चरित्र) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century...
Anubhava
Anubhava (अनुभव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. Conclusive judgment, understanding, impression, the exercise of ...
Upadana
Upādāna (उपादान).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Taking away, abduction, taking. 2. Abstraction, restraining the ...
Kalakuta
Kālakūṭa (कालकूट).—mn. (-ṭaḥ-ṭaṃ) A kind of poison. E. kāla Yama, kūṭa to destroy, ap affix; de...
Aishvarya
Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य) or Aiśvaryya.—n. (-ryaṃ) 1. Super-human power, the divine faculties of omnip...
Pavaka
Pavākā (पवाका).—f. (-kā) A whirlwind. E. pū to purify, āka Unadi aff.--- OR --- Pāvaka (पावक).—...
Tiryanc
Tiryak (तिर्यक्) or Tiryyak.—ind. Crookedly, awry: see tiryac.
Apara
Apara (अपर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Other. 2. Opposite, contrary. 3. Posterior, (in place or tim...

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