Mahapataka, Mahāpātaka, Maha-pataka: 13 definitions
Mahapataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Mahāpātaka (महापातक).—The murder of a Brahmana, taking of liquor, theft and intercourse with preceptor's wife, for all of which death is the punishment; the Brahmana culprits were however, banished with different signs marked on their faces.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 161-165.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra
Mahāpātaka (महापातक) or Mahāpātakacihnita refers to “one who is marked by great sin”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He with whom one constructs a temple should not be a Śaiva, or a Saura, nor a Naiṣṭhika, nor a naked one, nor born of mixed marriage, nor unclean, old, or one who is of a despicable form or marked by great sin (mahāpātaka-cihnita). [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., mahāpātaka), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., mahāpātaka) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.
Note: the term Mahāpāta refers to a person who has commited one of the five cardinal sins. See ‘mahāpātakam’ in Apte (p. 1251), Manu-mṛti 11.54, which gives the following: “they call Bramicide, drinking liquor, stealing, and bedding the Guru’s wife great sins. These four and a combination of them makes five”.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Mahāpātaka (महापातक) refers to “five great sins”, as mentioned in the commentary of Manusmṛti verse 11.54.—According to Vaśiṣṭha (1.19-21).—“they state that there are five Mahāpātakas: stealing gold, the violation of Guru’s bed, drinking Surā, slaying a learned Brāhmaṇa, and associating with outcasts, either spiritually or matrimonially”. According to Yājñavalkya (3.227).—“Brāhmaṇa-slayer, wine-drinker, stealer (of gold), violators of Guru’s bed; these are the Mahāpātakins, as also one who associates with these for one year”.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (dharma)
Mahāpātaka (महापातक) refers to “great sins” according to the Dharmaśāstra taught in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] chapter fifty-two of Saurapurāṇa describes that sins (pātaka) are of two types—expressed or concealed. In the Purāṇas most of the expiations are mentioned in connection with the great sins (mahāpātaka) which are five in number viz. the killing of a Brāhmaṇa, drinking wine, theft, violating the bed of the preceptor and association with a person that has committed any of the sins mentioned above.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mahāpātaka (महापातक).—n (S) A crime of the highest degree. Five such are enumerated,--killing a Brahman, stealing gold, drinking spirits, adultery with the wife of a spiritual teacher, or incest with one's mother, associating with a person who has committed any of the four (brahmahatyā, surāpāna, suvarṇa- stēya, gurūtalpagamana, tatsaṃsarga). 2 Great crime in general.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
mahāpātaka (महापातक).—n A crime of the highest degree.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) a great sin, a heinous crime; ब्रह्महत्या सुरापानं स्तेयं गुर्वङ्गनागमः । महान्ति पातकान्याहुस्तत्संसर्गश्च पञ्चमम् (brahmahatyā surāpānaṃ steyaṃ gurvaṅganāgamaḥ | mahānti pātakānyāhustatsaṃsargaśca pañcamam) || Ms.1154.
2) any great sin or transgression.
Derivable forms: mahāpātakam (महापातकम्).
Mahāpātaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and pātaka (पातक).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaṃ) 1. A crime of the highest degree, as killing a Brahmana, stealing gold from a priest, drinking spirits, adultery with the wife of a spiritual teacher, and associating with persons who have committed these offences. 2. Great crime in general. E. mahā great, pātaka offence: see pañcamahāpātaka .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mahāpātaka (महापातक).—[neuter] great crime; poss. kin.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Mahāpātaka (महापातक):—[=mahā-pātaka] [from mahā > mah] n. a great crime or sin (5 such are enumerated, viz. killing a Brāhman, drinking intoxicating liquors, theft, committing adultery with the wife of a religious teacher, and associating with any one guilty of these crimes), [Manu-smṛti ([especially] xi, 54); Yājñavalkya] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] any gr° crime or heinous sin, [Horace H. Wilson]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Mahāpātaka (महापातक):—n. ein schweres Verbrechen ( Brahmanenmord , Genuss von Branntwein , Diebstahl , Unzucht mit der Frau des Lehrers und Umgang mit solchen , die sich jener Verbrechen schuldig gemacht haben ) [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Upapataka, Suvarnasteya, Mahapapa, Pancamahapataka, Anupataka, Pancamahapatakin, Mahapataki, Khanitra, Mahapatakin, Pancanantarya, Panca-aparadha, Pataka, Sura, Dash-aparadha, Mahapatakacihnita, Puja.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Mahapataka, Mahāpātaka, Maha-pataka, Mahā-pātaka; (plurals include: Mahapatakas, Mahāpātakas, patakas, pātakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 11.54 < [Section VI - Offences: their Classification]
Verse 11.245 < [Section XXXI - Austerity (tapas): its Value]
Verse 11.259 < [Section XXXII - Expiation of Secret Sins]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.2.146 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Verse 2.1.103 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 227 - Means to Save One from Tortures in Hells < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 1 - Praise of Kārttika Vow < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 3 - The Greatness of Agnitīrtha and Śilās of Nārada and Mārkaṇḍeya < [Section 3 - Badarikāśrama-māhātmya]