Madhusudana, aka: Madhu-sudana, Madhusūdana; 10 Definition(s)


Madhusudana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Madhusudana in Vedanta glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Another great name in the history of Vedānta, Madhusūdana Sarasvatī (c. 16th century CE) was born to the name Kamalanayana in a Kānyakubja-Brāhmaṇa family that had settled down in what is now Bangladesh. He studied Nyāya at Navadvīpa but then moved to Varanasi to study Advaita-Vedānta. Having taken saṃnyāsa, he authored several works including:

  • Advaita-siddhi: A polemical work addressing the arguments of the Madhva school as expounded in the Nyāyamṛta of Vyāsatīrtha
  • Gūḍhārtha-dīpikā: A celebrated commentary on the Bhagavad-Gītā.
  • Siddhānta-bindu: A celebrated commentary on the Daśaślokī of Adi Shankaracharya.
  • Vedāntakalpalatikā: An independent prakarana-grantha on Advaita-Vedānta containing a comparison of the views on mokṣa held by different darśana-s
Source: Hindupedia: Later Advaitins
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Madhusudana in Pancaratra glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन, “Slayer of the “honey” demon”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Śānti.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.211-213.—Accordingly, “Madhusūdana is to be thought of as having splendour which fire and sun will have at the time of deluge, having eight arms, broad shoulders, marked with the hand doing Agniṣṭoma holding the conch and discus and arrows and bow. The Lord’s pair of hands as to be meditated upon as resting at the outer end of the auditory passage (karṇapīṭha) for the complete removal of he embodies sages and tamas”.

These Vibhavas (eg., Madhusūdana) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Madhusudana in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—Another name for Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Because he killed an Asura named Madhu he was called Madhusūdana. (Śloka 16, Chapter 207, Vana Parva).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—An epithet of Viṣṇu;1 temple of, in the Himālayan slopes visited by Purūravas;2 also Madhudviṣa.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 52, 208. Matsya-purāṇa 7. 15; 9. 1; 16. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 7. 14-6; V. 5. 21; 6. 1; 7. 5; 12. 5; 13. 17; 20. 74, 85; 21. 9; 26. 11; 31. 18; 33. 18.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 119. 39; 167. 41; 243. 13; 244. 52; 248. 10; 249. 45; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 51, 203; 99. 44.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 33. 36, 39; 34. 34; 37. 15; VI. 4. 6.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

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Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Madhu-sūdana is cloud-coloured; has the shape of a discus (cakrākāra); two cakras, cow’s hoof mark; auspicious in aspect (saśrīka). Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (eg., Madhusūdana stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.

Source: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Madhusudana in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.48.12, V.72.1) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Madhusūdana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Madhusudana in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madhusudana (मधुसुदन): Another name of Krishna, the slayer of the asura Madhu.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Madhusūdana Sarasvatī wrote several treatises on Advaita philosophy. His magnum opus is the Advaitasiddhi, written in order to reply to the keen objections moved by the Dvaitin Vyāsatīrtha’s Nyāyāmṛta. Advaitasiddhi is verily a turning point into the galaxy of Vedānta, not only as far as its replies are concerned, but also for the reutilization of earlier vedāntic material and its reformulation by means of the highly sophisticated language of the new school of logic.

Source: Springer: Madhusūdana Sarasvatī’s Way of Referring to Earlier Textual Tradition

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhusudana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—epithets or Viṣṇu; इति मधुरिपुणा सखी नियुक्ता (iti madhuripuṇā sakhī niyuktā) Gīt.5; R.9.48; Śi.15.1.

Derivable forms: madhusūdanaḥ (मधुसूदनः).

Madhusūdana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhu and sūdana (सूदन). See also (synonyms): madhumatha, madhumathana, madhuripu, madhuśatru.

--- OR ---

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—

1) a bee; गायन् कलं क्रीडति पद्मिनीषु मधूनि पीत्वा मधुसूदनोऽसौ (gāyan kalaṃ krīḍati padminīṣu madhūni pītvā madhusūdano'sau) Chanḍ. M.

2) an epithet of Viṣṇu; भक्तानां कर्मणां चैव सूदनान्मधुसूदनः (bhaktānāṃ karmaṇāṃ caiva sūdanānmadhusūdanaḥ)

3) Name of a writer of works like अद्वैतसिद्धि (advaitasiddhi).

Derivable forms: madhusūdanaḥ (मधुसूदनः).

Madhusūdana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhu and sūdana (सूदन).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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