Madhusudana, Madhusūdana, Madhu-sudana: 21 definitions


Madhusudana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Madhusudana in Pancaratra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन, “Slayer of the “honey” demon”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Śānti.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.211-213.—Accordingly, “Madhusūdana is to be thought of as having splendour which fire and sun will have at the time of deluge, having eight arms, broad shoulders, marked with the hand doing Agniṣṭoma holding the conch and discus and arrows and bow. The Lord’s pair of hands as to be meditated upon as resting at the outer end of the auditory passage (karṇapīṭha) for the complete removal of he embodies sages and tamas”.

These Vibhavas (e.g., Madhusūdana) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Madhusudana in Vedanta glossary
Source: Hindupedia: Later Advaitins

Another great name in the history of Vedānta, Madhusūdana Sarasvatī (c. 16th century CE) was born to the name Kamalanayana in a Kānyakubja-Brāhmaṇa family that had settled down in what is now Bangladesh. He studied Nyāya at Navadvīpa but then moved to Varanasi to study Advaita-Vedānta. Having taken saṃnyāsa, he authored several works including:

  • Advaita-siddhi: A polemical work addressing the arguments of the Madhva school as expounded in the Nyāyamṛta of Vyāsatīrtha
  • Gūḍhārtha-dīpikā: A celebrated commentary on the Bhagavad-Gītā.
  • Siddhānta-bindu: A celebrated commentary on the Daśaślokī of Adi Shankaracharya.
  • Vedāntakalpalatikā: An independent prakarana-grantha on Advaita-Vedānta containing a comparison of the views on mokṣa held by different darśana-s
context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Madhusudana in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—Another name for Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Because he killed an Asura named Madhu he was called Madhusūdana. (Śloka 16, Chapter 207, Vana Parva).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन) refers to “the slayer of Madhu demon” and is a name of Viṣṇu, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.16. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Then at the conclusion of my speech, Viṣṇu, the slayer of Madhu demon [viz., Madhusūdana], spoke to Śiva who assumes various forms during His divine sports and who is favourably disposed to his devotees”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—An epithet of Viṣṇu;1 temple of, in the Himālayan slopes visited by Purūravas;2 also Madhudviṣa.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 52, 208. Matsya-purāṇa 7. 15; 9. 1; 16. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 7. 14-6; V. 5. 21; 6. 1; 7. 5; 12. 5; 13. 17; 20. 74, 85; 21. 9; 26. 11; 31. 18; 33. 18.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 119. 39; 167. 41; 243. 13; 244. 52; 248. 10; 249. 45; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 51, 203; 99. 44.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 33. 36, 39; 34. 34; 37. 15; VI. 4. 6.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.48.12, V.72.1) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Madhusūdana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Madhu-sūdana is cloud-coloured; has the shape of a discus (cakrākāra); two cakras, cow’s hoof mark; auspicious in aspect (saśrīka). Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (e.g., Madhusūdana stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.

Source: Dvādaśa-mūrti in Tamil Tradition (iconography)

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन) refers to one of the Dvādaśa-mūrti or “twelve sacred names of Viṣṇu”, whose iconographical details are mentioned in the Śrītattvanidhi (verse 2.19-42) citing the Pāñcarātrāgama-Kriyapāda.—Madhusūdana’s Mien is the red-lotus and brilliant and padma-pīṭha. According to the Caturviṃśatimūrtilakṣaṇa, Madhusūdana is fitted with the Śaṅkha, Padma, Gāda and Cakra, in that particular order.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Madhusudana in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Madhusudana (मधुसुदन): Another name of Krishna, the slayer of the asura Madhu.

Source: Springer: Madhusūdana Sarasvatī’s Way of Referring to Earlier Textual Tradition

Madhusūdana Sarasvatī wrote several treatises on Advaita philosophy. His magnum opus is the Advaitasiddhi, written in order to reply to the keen objections moved by the Dvaitin Vyāsatīrtha’s Nyāyāmṛta. Advaitasiddhi is verily a turning point into the galaxy of Vedānta, not only as far as its replies are concerned, but also for the reutilization of earlier vedāntic material and its reformulation by means of the highly sophisticated language of the new school of logic.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhusudana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—epithets or Viṣṇu; इति मधुरिपुणा सखी नियुक्ता (iti madhuripuṇā sakhī niyuktā) Gītagovinda 5; R.9.48; Śiśupālavadha 15.1.

Derivable forms: madhusūdanaḥ (मधुसूदनः).

Madhusūdana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhu and sūdana (सूदन). See also (synonyms): madhumatha, madhumathana, madhuripu, madhuśatru.

--- OR ---

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—

1) a bee; गायन् कलं क्रीडति पद्मिनीषु मधूनि पीत्वा मधुसूदनोऽसौ (gāyan kalaṃ krīḍati padminīṣu madhūni pītvā madhusūdano'sau) Chanḍ. M.

2) an epithet of Viṣṇu; भक्तानां कर्मणां चैव सूदनान्मधुसूदनः (bhaktānāṃ karmaṇāṃ caiva sūdanānmadhusūdanaḥ)

3) Name of a writer of works like अद्वैतसिद्धि (advaitasiddhi).

Derivable forms: madhusūdanaḥ (मधुसूदनः).

Madhusūdana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhu and sūdana (सूदन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—m.

(-naḥ) A name of Vishnu. f. (-nī) Bengal beet. E. madhu the Daitya or honey, and sūdana destroyer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—m. Viṣṇu.

Madhusūdana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhu and sūdana (सूदन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन).—[masculine] the Madhu-slayer (Kṛṣṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—guru of Guṇānanda (Śabdālokaviveka). Hall. p. 39.

2) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—guru of Govinda (Śāṅkhāyanasūtrabhāṣya). W. p. 28.

3) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—father of Rāma (Yantracintāmaṇiṭīkā). Sb. 267.

4) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—editor of the Mahānāṭaka. Oxf. 143^b.

5) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

6) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—Upasargavicāraṭīkā. Citrarūpavādaṭīkā. Tarkasūtrabhāṣyaṭīkā. Nigrahasthānasūtraṭīkā. Pratijñāsūtraṭīkā.

7) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—Candronmīlanatantra.

8) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—Jyotiṣpradīpāṅkura.

9) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—Nītisārasaṃgraha.

10) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—Laghugrahamañjarī.

11) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—Śrāddhadarpaṇa.

12) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—son of Mādhava, grandson of Narasiṃha, of Gokula, pupil of Bālakṛṣṇa: Mañjubhāṣiṇī Vidvadbhūṣaṇaṭīkā, composed in 1644. Sūryaśatakaṭīkā.

13) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—son of Narasiṃha, grandson of Nageśvara of Māṇḍavagrāma. He had three brothers Govinda, Narahari and Vāmadeva, and wrote under king Dhīrasiṃha of Tīrabhukti: Jyotiṣpradīpāṅkura.

14) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—of the Dujatī family, son of Padmanābha and Śubhadā: Anyāpadeśaśataka.

15) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—son of Murāri Śukla: Bhāsvatīkaraṇaṭīkā.

16) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—Rucādivṛtti [grammatical]

17) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—of Pārthapura, son of Śrīpati, grandson of Gopīrāja: Paitāmahī jy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—[=madhu-sūdana] [from madhu] m. ‘destroyer of honey’, a bee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘destroyer of the demon Madhu’, Name of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of various scholars, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन):—[madhu-sūdana] (naḥ) 1. m. Vishnu; beet.

[Sanskrit to German]

Madhusudana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhusudana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Madhusūdana (ಮಧುಸೂದನ):—[noun] Křṣṇa, who slew the demon Maḍhu.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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