Lina, Līna: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Lina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Leen.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Līna (लीन).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this līna-karaṇa is as follows, “the two Patāka hands held together in Añjali pose on the chest, the neck held high, and the shoulder bent.”.

A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Līna (लीन, “pressed”) refers to one of the fifteen aspects of gamaka (embellishments, ornamentation) that are used in Indian classical music (gāndharva), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.83-94. These gamakas refer to essential elements of the sthāyas (technical phrases) of rāgas (melodic modes). Accordingly, “a vibration (kampa) with the duration of a druta is caleld līna”.

Source: archive.org: Shanmukha 07-3-1981

Lina (लिन).—“(The lina-gamaka refers to) the merging of a note softly into another note.” This kind of ‘glide’ can be found in both styles but its frequency is indisputably greater in Hindustani music than in the south. The habit of sliding from one note to another in imperceptible stages—what the northerners call the ‘meend’, is in fact a characteristic of aesthetic ecvellence in the Hindustani style. It is possible that the occasional use of the lina-gamaka became acceptable in the Carnatic style only in the lst few decades following greater exposure for, and appreciation of, Hindustani music in the Southern regions in the post-Independence years.

Source: archive.org: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Līna (लीन).—Melting away (līna) refers to one of the gamakas (graces):—“The speed of līna is that of a quaver (druta = ½ mātrā)”. Saṅgītaratnākara 2.3.91 “When a note at the speed of a quaver softly melts into another neighbouring note this is called melting away (līna)”. (Saṅgītasamayasāra 1.51)

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Līna (लीन) refers to the “establishment of creation”, according to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya (traditionally attributed to Matsyendranātha), which references to the prototype of the Liṅga initiates of the Kubjikā Tantras worship in the Goddess’s maṇḍala which is projected above the head. Bhairava begins by listing a series of lotuses in the body. They are arranged vertically in such a way that each succeeding one has a larger number of petals than the one before it. [...] The last one consists of 30 million petals. There, above that, is a pervasive, eternally manifest (nityodita), unbroken, independent, unmoving, all-pervasive and stainless lotus. Emanation takes place by its will and it dissolves away (laya) there itself. Thus it is called Liṅga and is where the mobile and immobile (creation) is established (līna). [...]

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Līna (लीन) refers to “dissolving” (into the state of the Goddess—Śārikā/Bhavānī), according to Sāhib Kaul’s Śārikāstrotra.—Accordingly, “[...] He who recites your syllable with pure heart and proper devotion, O Śārikā, which consists of abja and vaktravṛtta, in his mouth a fully developed voice stays, which has the beauty of unfolding through various good emotions. He who recites your syllable, consisting of abja and vaktravṛtta, and called asthyātmā, O Śārikā, is liberated in life and, enjoying supreme bhogas, will later dissolve (līna) in your state, O Bhavānī. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Līna (लीन) refers to “having dissolved (one’s mind)”, according to Bhāgavatotpala’s Spandapradīpikā on 31.—The ‘dissolution’ of the mind was a description of the meditative process itself, as seen for example in Bhāgavatotpala’s definition of meditation (dhyāna): “When the mind has dissolved (līna) in the object of meditation, then that is said to be meditation”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Līna (लीन) or Līnacitta refers to the “despondency”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva who has attained memory never forget? Son of good family, the Bodhisattva attains memory (dhāraṇī) by purifying his memory. What then is the purification of memory? Son of good family, there are thirty-two purifications of memory. What are the thirty-two? [...] (25) entering into what is to be done; (26) no fear reflecting on thoughts concerning the three gates of liberation; (27) never cutting off the [fourfold] sources of holiness by possessing the qualities of purity; (28) no despondency (apagata-līna-citta) to uphold the true religion; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Līna (लीन) refers to “(being) absorbed (in great bliss)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Reflect, absorbed in great bliss (mahāsukha-līna). Therein vajra fire, lotus fire, blazing fire, Again Śumbha Niśumbha Hūṃ Phaṭ”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Līna (लीन) or Antarlīna refers to “sticking (within)” (i.e., ‘the mass of karmas time which is sticking within’), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The one who is doing good actions, whose conduct is pure, is engaged in external asceticism to such an extent and then there is the highest meditation which is abstaining from anything perceptible by the senses [and] resting in the self. He destroys the mass of karmas accumulated for a very long time which is sticking within (antarlīna) then he is immersed in the ocean of knowledge which is the abode of the highest bliss. [Thus ends the reflection on] wearing away karma”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

līna : (pp. of līyati) shrunk; shy; reserved.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Līna, (pp. of līyati) clinging, sticking; slow, sluggish; shy, reserved, dull, A. I, 3; Vism. 125. Definitions at Vbh. 352, 373; Dhs. 1156, 1236; S. V, 277, 279 (ati°). Often combined with uddhata as “sluggish or shy” and “unbalanced, ” e.g. at S. V, 112; Vism. 136; VbhA. 310. alīna active, open, sincere Sn. 68 (°citta), 717 (id.); J. I, 22 (v. 148; °viriya sīha). (Page 584)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

līna (लीन).—a (S) Absorbed into; swallowed up in, lit. fig. 2 Humble, lowly, meek.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

līna (लीन).—a Absorbed into. Humble, lowly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Līna (लीन).—p. p. [lī-kta]

1) Clung or adhered to, stuck to.

2) Lurking, hid, concealed.

3) Resting or reclining on; कार्या सैकतलीनहंसमिथुना स्रोतोवहा मालिनी (kāryā saikatalīnahaṃsamithunā srotovahā mālinī) Ś.6.17.

4) Melted, dissolved; लीनेव प्रतिबिम्बितेव (līneva pratibimbiteva) ...... सा नश्चेतसि कीलितेव (sā naścetasi kīliteva) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.1.

5) Completely absorbed or swallowed up in, intimately united with; नद्यः सागरे लीना भवन्ति (nadyaḥ sāgare līnā bhavanti).

6) Devoted or given up to.

7) Disappeared, vanished; (see ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Līna (लीन).—adj. (= Pali id.; not in this sense in Sanskrit; for true definition see Critical Pali Dictionary s.v. alīna, q.v.; wrongly Childers and [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]), dispirited, faint-hearted: Mahāvyutpatti 7269 = Tibetan zhum pa; 850 apagata-līna-citta (of Bodhisattvas); Śikṣāsamuccaya 20.15 līnaṃ cittaṃ bodhisattvānāṃ na saṃvidyate. Cf. 2 līyati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Līna (लीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Embraced, clung or adhered to. 2. Melted, dissolved. 3. Dissolved with softness, overcome with passion. 4. Diffused. 5. Effaced, wiped away, vanished. 6. Staying, being situated. 7. Left, departed. 8. Lurking, hiding. 9. Resting on. 10. Absorped, swallowed up. 11. Devoted to. E. to be in contact, &c., kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Līna (लीन).—[adjective] clinging or sticking to ([neuter] also as [abstract] [with] [locative]), lying or sitting on, quite devoted to or intent upon; ([neuter] also [impersonally]) hidden, absorbed, or disappeared into ([locative] or —°). Abstr. [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Līna (लीन):—[from ] mfn. clung or pressed closely together, attached or devoted to, merged in ([locative case] or [compound]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

2) [v.s. ...] sticking, [Mahīdhara]

3) [v.s. ...] lying or resting on, staying in, lurking, hiding, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] dissolved, absorbed in ([locative case] or [compound]), disappeared, vanished, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] n. the clinging to, being dissolved or absorbed in, disappearance, [Pañcarātra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Līna (लीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) p.] Melted; embraced; absorbed in; left.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Līna (लीन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Līṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Līna (लीन) [Also spelled leen]:—(a) absorbed, engrossed; merged; vanished, disappeared; hence ~[] (nf).

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Līṇa (लीण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Līna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Līna (ಲೀನ):—

1) [adjective] clung to; adhered to; attached to.

2) [adjective] merged in a liquid; dissolved.

3) [adjective] absorbed, engrossed in.

4) [adjective] hidden or disappeared; got out of sight.

--- OR ---

Līna (ಲೀನ):—

1) [noun] a man who is deeply interested, engrossed or absorbed in.

2) [noun] the fact of being absorbed, engrossed in.

3) [noun] a particular kind of regulated vibration of a note.

4) [noun] (dance.) one of the one hundred and eight gesticulations of hands.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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