Lina, Līna: 18 definitions



Lina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Leen.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Līna (लीन).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this līna-karaṇa is as follows, “the two Patāka hands held together in Añjali pose on the chest, the neck held high, and the shoulder bent.”.

A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Līna (लीन, “pressed”) refers to one of the fifteen aspects of gamaka (embellishments, ornamentation) that are used in Indian classical music (gāndharva), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.83-94. These gamakas refer to essential elements of the sthāyas (technical phrases) of rāgas (melodic modes). Accordingly, “a vibration (kampa) with the duration of a druta is caleld līna”.

Source: Shanmukha 07-3-1981

Lina (लिन).—“(The lina-gamaka refers to) the merging of a note softly into another note.” This kind of ‘glide’ can be found in both styles but its frequency is indisputably greater in Hindustani music than in the south. The habit of sliding from one note to another in imperceptible stages—what the northerners call the ‘meend’, is in fact a characteristic of aesthetic ecvellence in the Hindustani style. It is possible that the occasional use of the lina-gamaka became acceptable in the Carnatic style only in the lst few decades following greater exposure for, and appreciation of, Hindustani music in the Southern regions in the post-Independence years.

Source: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Līna (लीन).—Melting away (līna) refers to one of the gamakas (graces):—“The speed of līna is that of a quaver (druta = ½ mātrā)”. Saṅgītaratnākara 2.3.91 “When a note at the speed of a quaver softly melts into another neighbouring note this is called melting away (līna)”. (Saṅgītasamayasāra 1.51)

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Līna (लीन) refers to the “establishment of creation”, according to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya (traditionally attributed to Matsyendranātha), which references to the prototype of the Liṅga initiates of the Kubjikā Tantras worship in the Goddess’s maṇḍala which is projected above the head. Bhairava begins by listing a series of lotuses in the body. They are arranged vertically in such a way that each succeeding one has a larger number of petals than the one before it. [...] The last one consists of 30 million petals. There, above that, is a pervasive, eternally manifest (nityodita), unbroken, independent, unmoving, all-pervasive and stainless lotus. Emanation takes place by its will and it dissolves away (laya) there itself. Thus it is called Liṅga and is where the mobile and immobile (creation) is established (līna). [...]

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

līna : (pp. of līyati) shrunk; shy; reserved.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Līna, (pp. of līyati) clinging, sticking; slow, sluggish; shy, reserved, dull, A. I, 3; Vism. 125. Definitions at Vbh. 352, 373; Dhs. 1156, 1236; S. V, 277, 279 (ati°). Often combined with uddhata as “sluggish or shy” and “unbalanced, ” e.g. at S. V, 112; Vism. 136; VbhA. 310. alīna active, open, sincere Sn. 68 (°citta), 717 (id.); J. I, 22 (v. 148; °viriya sīha). (Page 584)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

līna (लीन).—a (S) Absorbed into; swallowed up in, lit. fig. 2 Humble, lowly, meek.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

līna (लीन).—a Absorbed into. Humble, lowly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Līna (लीन).—p. p. [lī-kta]

1) Clung or adhered to, stuck to.

2) Lurking, hid, concealed.

3) Resting or reclining on; कार्या सैकतलीनहंसमिथुना स्रोतोवहा मालिनी (kāryā saikatalīnahaṃsamithunā srotovahā mālinī) Ś.6.17.

4) Melted, dissolved; लीनेव प्रतिबिम्बितेव (līneva pratibimbiteva) ...... सा नश्चेतसि कीलितेव (sā naścetasi kīliteva) Māl.5.1.

5) Completely absorbed or swallowed up in, intimately united with; नद्यः सागरे लीना भवन्ति (nadyaḥ sāgare līnā bhavanti).

6) Devoted or given up to.

7) Disappeared, vanished; (see ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Līna (लीन).—adj. (= Pali id.; not in this sense in Sanskrit; for true definition see Critical Pali Dictionary s.v. alīna, q.v.; wrongly Childers and [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]), dispirited, faint-hearted: Mahāvyutpatti 7269 = Tibetan zhum pa; 850 apagata-līna-citta (of Bodhisattvas); Śikṣāsamuccaya 20.15 līnaṃ cittaṃ bodhisattvānāṃ na saṃvidyate. Cf. 2 līyati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Līna (लीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Embraced, clung or adhered to. 2. Melted, dissolved. 3. Dissolved with softness, overcome with passion. 4. Diffused. 5. Effaced, wiped away, vanished. 6. Staying, being situated. 7. Left, departed. 8. Lurking, hiding. 9. Resting on. 10. Absorped, swallowed up. 11. Devoted to. E. to be in contact, &c., kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Līna (लीन).—[adjective] clinging or sticking to ([neuter] also as [abstract] [with] [locative]), lying or sitting on, quite devoted to or intent upon; ([neuter] also [impersonally]) hidden, absorbed, or disappeared into ([locative] or —°). Abstr. [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Līna (लीन):—[from ] mfn. clung or pressed closely together, attached or devoted to, merged in ([locative case] or [compound]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

2) [v.s. ...] sticking, [Mahīdhara]

3) [v.s. ...] lying or resting on, staying in, lurking, hiding, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] dissolved, absorbed in ([locative case] or [compound]), disappeared, vanished, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] n. the clinging to, being dissolved or absorbed in, disappearance, [Pañcarātra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Līna (लीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) p.] Melted; embraced; absorbed in; left.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Līna (लीन):—s. u. 1. ; davon

1) līnatā f. a) das sich Anschmiegen an: līnatā haripādābje muktirityabhidhīyate [PAÑCAR. 2, 7, 2.] — b) das Verstecktsein: parṇābhyantaralīnatāṃ vijahati skandhodayātpādapāḥ [Śākuntala 167.] —

2) līnatva n. das Stecken in Etwas, Verstecktsein [Suśruta 2, 405, 2.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Līna (लीन):——

1) Adj. s.u. 1. . —

2) n. das Sichanschmiegen an (Loc.).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Līna (लीन) [Also spelled leen]:—(a) absorbed, engrossed; merged; vanished, disappeared; hence ~[] (nf).

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