Kusumapura, Kusuma-pura: 14 definitions


Kusumapura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kusumapura in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर).—The city on the south bank of the Ganges founded by Udāyi in his fourth year.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 319.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kusumapura in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर) is the name of a city according to the “story of Harasvāmin”, mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 24. The story was told by King Paropakārin to her daughter Kanakarekhā in order to demonstrate that “people are particularly fond of blackening the character of one distinguished”. Accordingly, “there is a city on the banks of the Ganges named Kusumapura, and in it there was an ascetic who visited holy places, named Harasvāmin. He was a Brāhman living by begging; and constructing a hut on the banks of the Ganges, he became, on account of his surprisingly rigid asceticism, the object of the people’s respect”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kusumapura, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Kusumapura in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर).—Both Hindu and Buddhist tradition, as well as Bhāskara I (CE 629), identify Kusumapura as Pāṭaliputra, modern Patna. A verse mentions that Aryabhata was the head of an institution (kulapa) at Kusumapura, and, because the university of Nalanda was in Pataliputra at the time and had an astronomical observatory, it is speculated that Aryabhata might have been the head of the Nalanda university as well

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kusumapura in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Pataliputta.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kusumapura in Jainism glossary
Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Candanamalayāgarīcaupaī by Bhadrasena (dealing with the lives of Jain teachers), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Accordingly, “King Candana and his wife Malayāgarī (various spellings) lived happily in Kusumapura with their two young sons Sāgara and Nīra. One night the family’s deity (kuladevatā) manifested herself to the king, saying that she would always assist him but that he would have to go through a period of difficulties. When the king asked her advice on what to do, she told him that together with his family he should live in a forest (vanavāsa, 1v10) for some time. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर) is another name of Pāṭaliputra meaning “the city of the flowers”.—Kusumapura is mentioned by Hiuen-tsang.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर) is another name for Pāṭaliputra: a place mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Pāṭaliputra is the same as modern Patna situated to the south of the river Gaṅgā. The city was also known as Kusumapura due to the abundance of flowers. Its name Puṣpapura is also met within the Raghuvaṃśa. Kusumapura is also known as Kumrar in the way that pura is changed to ar.

The words Puṣpapura and Kusumapura also mean “a city of flowers”. According to Yuan-Chwang, it had been called Kusumapura (K’ u-su-mo-pu-lo) on account of the numerous flowers (kusuma) in the royal enclosure. Later its glory was replaced by that of Kānyakubja which came to be known as Kusumapura.

Source: academia.edu: The Date of Aryabhata

The City of Kusumapura, a center of Astronomy.—Aryabhata himself tells us that he pursued his astronomical research in the city of Kusumapura. Many commentators of Aryabhatiyam simply identified Kusumapura as a city where Aryabhata lived. Al Beruni also called him “Aryabhata of Kusumapura”. Subandhu, the author of Vasavadatta clearly mentions Kusumapura as the capital city of Ashmaka Kingdom. According to Bhaskara I, Aryabhata was born in Ahsmaka Janapada. Evidently, Kusumapura was the capital of Ashmaka Janapada. Recently, archaeologists have discovered the earliest astronomical observatory in Mudumala village (on the banks of Krishna River), Maganoor mandal, Mahabubnagar district in Telangana dating back to 5000 BCE.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kusumapura in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर).—Name of the town of Pāṭaliputra; कुसुमपुराभियोगं प्रत्यनुदासीनो राक्षसः (kusumapurābhiyogaṃ pratyanudāsīno rākṣasaḥ) Mu.2; पितृवधपरित्रासादप- क्रान्ते कुसुमपुरात्कुमारे मलयकेतौ (pitṛvadhaparitrāsādapa- krānte kusumapurātkumāre malayaketau) ibid.

Derivable forms: kusumapuram (कुसुमपुरम्).

Kusumapura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kusuma and pura (पुर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर).—n.

(-raṃ) A city, the vicinity of the modern Patna: see pāṭaliputra. E. kusuma a flower, and pura a city.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर):—[=kusuma-pura] [from kusuma] n. Name of the town Pāṭali-putra, [Āryabhaṭa; Mudrārākṣasa; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर):—[kusuma-pura] (raṃ) 1. n. A city, the vicinity of modern Patna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kusumapura in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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