Kushtha, Kuṣṭha: 11 definitions


Kushtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kuṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Kustha or Kushtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Kuṣṭha (कुष्ठ) refers to “leprosy” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the bodily (śārīra) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., kuṣṭha) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of kushtha or kustha in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Kuṣṭha (कुष्ठ) refers to “leprosy” and other skin diseases. The word is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhitā. It is said to be of eighteen types:

  1. Carmākhya,
  2. Vicarikā,
  3. Śatāru,
  4. Visphoṭa,
  5. Pāmā,
  6. Carmadala
  7. Dadru,
  8. Vipādikā,
  9. Alasaka
  10. Kiṭima,
  11. Ekakuṣṭha,
  12. Kākaṇa,
  13. Sidhma,
  14. Puṇḍarīka,
  15. Ṛṣyajihva,
  16. Maṇḍala,
  17. Uḍumbara,
  18. Kapāla.

2) Kuṣṭha (कुष्ठ) is a Sanskrit word referring to Saussurea lappa, a species of thistle from the Asteraceae (daisy) family of flowering plants. In English, the plant is known as “costus” or “kuth”. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is a robust perennial plant, growing up to 2 meters in height. It grows throughout the Kashmir between 2500 - 4000 meter altitude. Its leaves are membranous with bluish-purple flowers in the axillary and terminal heads. The fruits are compressed, surved achenes, having a penetrating characteristic odour.

This plant (Kuṣṭha) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Kuṣṭha (कुष्ठ) refers to “disease of skin”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 79 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (48) dosage form in the management of Kuṣṭha. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kuṣṭha, a type of herb found in Ayurvedic texts. (Saussurea lappa)

Source: Academia.edu: Description of some of the Plants mentioned in Sanskrit Literature

Kuṣṭha (कुष्ठ, Saussurea lappa C.B.Clarke):—Kuṣṭha is hot in potency, pungent, sweet in taste, increases semen, bitter, easily digestable, cures gout, herpes, cough, leprosy and other diseases and mitigates Vāta and Kapha. Synonyms: Rogāhvaya, Vāpya, Pāribhavya and Utpala.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuṣṭha (कुष्ठ).—n (S) Leprosy. 2 Costus Arabicus.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṣṭha (कुष्ठ).—[Uṇ.2.2]

1) Leprosy (of which there are 18 varieties); गलत्कुष्ठाभिभूताय च (galatkuṣṭhābhibhūtāya ca) Bh.1.9.

2) A sort of poison.

3) A kind of tree; Costus specious, see कोष्ठ (koṣṭha); Rām.2.94.24.

4) (-m.) cavity of the loin.

-ṣṭhā The mouth or opening of a basket.

Derivable forms: kuṣṭhaḥ (कुष्ठः), kuṣṭham (कुष्ठम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṣṭha (कुष्ठ).—n.

(-ṣṭhaṃ) 1. Leprosy, of which eighteen varieties are enumerated, seven great or severe, and eleven of minor importance. 2. A plant, a kind of costus, (Costus speciosus:) 3. A sort of poison. E. kuṣ to extract, and ktham Unadi affix, or ku bad, ill and stha being, staying.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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