Kuladevata, Kuladevatā, Kula-devata: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Kuladevata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kuladevata in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kuladevatā (कुलदेवता) is another name for the Goddess (i.e., Kubjikā), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The goddess is both Kula itself (kularūpiṇī) and the deity of her Kula (kuladevatā). She is Kulakaulinī and her consort is the Lord of Kula (kulanātha). As the mistress of the Kula, the goddess is frequently called Kaulinī throughout our text. The Divine Triangle of the Yoni is Kula. The goddess who exerts her authority in the centre is appropriately called Kaulinī. To refer to Kubjikā as Kaulinī or Kuleśvarī is to indicate the she is essentially the goddess of all the energies and divine forms that embody them. She is the fundamental identity of all the Kaula goddesses, just as they are all her.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kuladevata in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kuladevatā (कुलदेवता) refers to the “tutelar family deity”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.46 (“The arrival of the bridegroom”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] In the meantime the servant-maids in the harem of the mountain took Pārvatī out in order to worship the tutelar family deity (kuladevatā). There the gods saw joyously with winkless eyes the bride of dark complexion like the collyrium, and fully bedecked in ornaments in every limb. With a side glance she was respectfully looking at the three-eyed lord avoiding the eyes of others. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kuladevata in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Kuladevatā (कुलदेवता) is another name (synonym) for Kuladeva, one of the four classes of Gods (devas) according to Somasena in his Traivarṇikācāra. Somasena was a follower of the Digambara tradition and flourished in the 16th century. The Kuladevatās refer to divinities worshipped by families.

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Kuladevatā (कुलदेवता) refers to the “family’s deity”, according to the Candanamalayāgarīcaupaī by Bhadrasena (dealing with the lives of Jain teachers), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Accordingly, “King Candana and his wife Malayāgarī (various spellings) lived happily in Kusumapura with their two young sons Sāgara and Nīra. One night the family’s deity (kuladevatā) manifested herself to the king, saying that she would always assist him but that he would have to go through a period of difficulties. When the king asked her advice on what to do, she told him that together with his family he should live in a forest (vanavāsa, 1v10) for some time. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kuladevata in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuladēvatā (कुलदेवता).—f (S) kuladaivata n S kuladaivatva n S The tutelar divinity (god or goddess) of a race or tribe.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuladēvatā (कुलदेवता).—f-daivata n The tutelar divinity of a race.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kuladevata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuladevatā (कुलदेवता).—a tutelary deity; the guardian deity of a family; तामर्चिताभ्यः कुलदेवताभ्यः कुलप्रतिष्ठां प्रणमय्य माता (tāmarcitābhyaḥ kuladevatābhyaḥ kulapratiṣṭhāṃ praṇamayya mātā) Kumārasambhava 7.27.

Kuladevatā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kula and devatā (देवता).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuladevatā (कुलदेवता).—f. a chief deity, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 7, 27.

Kuladevatā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kula and devatā (देवता).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuladevatā (कुलदेवता):—[=kula-devatā] [from kula] f. the family deity, [Kumāra-sambhava vii, 27; Viṣṇu-purāṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] = -devī Name of Durgā, [Horace H. Wilson]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kuladevata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kuladevata in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Kuladevatā (कुलदेवता):—n. family deity; tutelary deity;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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