Kshiti, aka: Kṣiti; 7 Definition(s)


Kshiti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣiti can be transliterated into English as Ksiti or Kshiti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kṣiti (क्षिति) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Kṣiti has a frequency of 353.1945Hz.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


Kṣiti (क्षिति).—A secondary divinity.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 14. 26.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Kṣiti (क्षिति, “earth”).—Illustration of Kṣiti-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour of her body is golden. She holds a vīṇā with both hands. The colour of her bodice is golden and the scarf is sky-blue with a crimson-coloured design; the lower garment is rosy with a crimson-coloured design and borders are of golden colour.

The illustrations (of, for example Kṣiti) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

(Source): archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Kṣiti (क्षिति) is in the Rigveda a regular word for ‘dwelling,’ and in particular the kṣitir dhruvā, ‘the secure dwelling,’ is mentioned in a context that shows it to be equivalent to the Vṛjana or Grāma regarded as a stronghold.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kṣiti (क्षिति).—f S The earth. 2 Waste, decline, decrease, wane. 3 (kṣati q. v. Sig. III.) Care or concern about; i. e. minding or regarding as a loss or a harm. v dhara, bāḷaga. A popular sense.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣiti (क्षिति).—f The earth. Care about. Waste.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣiti (क्षिति).—f. [kṣi nivāse ādhāre ktin]

1) The earth, soil of the earth; Mb.4.

2) A dwelling, an abode, a house; तं भक्तिभावोऽभ्यगृणादसत्वरं परिश्रुतोरुश्रवसं ध्रुवक्षितिः (taṃ bhaktibhāvo'bhyagṛṇādasatvaraṃ pariśrutoruśravasaṃ dhruvakṣitiḥ) Bhāg.4.9.5.

3) Loss, destruction.

4) The end of the world.

5) Wane.

6) A man (Ved.)

7) Prosperity; क्षिते रोहः प्रवहः शश्वदेव (kṣite rohaḥ pravahaḥ śaśvadeva) Mb.13.76.1.

8) Number 'one'; Bij.

Derivable forms: kṣitiḥ (क्षितिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 8 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kṣitiśruti (क्षितिश्रुति) is another name for kṣiti: one of the twenty-two śrutis (pitches) use...
Kṣitipāla (क्षितिपाल).—m., Derivable forms: kṣitipālaḥ (क्षितिपालः).Kṣitipāla is a Sanskrit com...
Kṣitibhūṣaṇa (क्षितिभूषण) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group na...
1) Śruti (श्रुति).—lit. hearing; sound.cf. श्रुतौ च रूपग्रहणम् (śrutau ca rūpagrahaṇam) M. Bh. ...
Kheṭṭa (खेट्ट) is the Prakrit form of Kṣetra: a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gu...
Vṛjana (वृजन).—[vṛjeḥ kyuḥ Uṇ.3.77] a.1) Crooked.2) Ved. Strong.3) Ved. Moving.4) (Hence) Peris...
duścinha (दुश्चिन्ह).—n (S) An evil omen; an inauspicious mark, sign, indication. Ex. duścinhēṃ...
Ṭik (टिक्).—1 Ā. (ṭekate) To go, move.--- OR --- Ṭīk (टीक्).—1 Ā. (ṭīkate) To move, go, resort ...

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