Kshitigarbha, aka: Kṣitigarbha, Ksitigarbha; 6 Definition(s)
Kshitigarbha means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Kṣitigarbha can be transliterated into English as Ksitigarbha or Kshitigarbha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Kṣitigarbha (क्षितिगर्भ) is the name of a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences (viśuddhi), according to the Abhisamayamañjarī. Kṣitigarbha is alternatively known by the name Mohavajra because he destroys ignorance (moha). The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.
Kṣitigarbha is associated with the eyes and the color white. He is to be visualised as holding an attribute in his right hand and a bell in his left. The deities of the sense organs and fields are the esoteric equivalents of the deities associated with the skandhas.
The Abhisamayamañjarī by Śākyarakṣita is a Buddhist tantric text closely related to the Herukābhisamaya by Lūyīpāda, which in turn is probably based upon the Yoginīsaṃcāratantra.Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha is one of the four principal boddhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism. Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha took a great vow to guide all living beings from the hell and denied to achieve Buddhahood until all hells are emptied. The term “Ksitigarbha” refers to meaning “Earth Treasury”, “Earth Store”, “Earth Matrix”, or “Earth Womb”. Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha was foremost as Great Vow to help and to deliver all beings. Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha was depicted as Buddhist monk with a shaved head wearing simple robes wielding a staff.
Source: Burmese Art: Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha - Great Vow to Help all beings
“If I do not go to the hell to help the suffering beings there, who else will go? ... if the hells are not empty I will not become a Buddha. Only when all living beings have been saved, will I attain Bodhi.” – Ksitigarbha Greatest Compassionate Vow
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Ksitigarbha (kṣitigarbha) is a bodhisattva primarily revered in East Asian Buddhism, usually depicted as a Buddhist monk in the Orient. The name may be translated as "Earth Treasury", "Earth Store", "Earth Matrix", or "Earth Womb". Ksitigarbha is known for his vow to take responsibility for the instruction of all beings in the six worlds between the death of Gautama (Sakyamuni) Buddha and the rise of Maitreya Buddha, as well as his vow not to achieve Buddhahood until all hells are emptied.
Ksitigarbha is one of the four principal bodhisattvas in East Asian Mahayana Buddhism.
Usually depicted as a monk with a halo around his shaved head, he carries a staff to force open the gates of hell and a wish-fulfilling jewel to light up the darkness.Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism
Kṣitigarbha (क्षितिगर्भ) refers to the seventh of the “eight Bodhisattvas” (aṣṭabodhisattva) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 12). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., aṣṭa-bodhisattva and Kṣitigarbha). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgrahaEarth Store Bodhisattva. He is now the guardian of the earth. Depicted with the alarum staff with its six rings, he is accredited with power over the hells and is devoted to the saving of all creatures between the Nirvana of Shakyamuni and the advent of Maitreya. He vows that while the hell is not empty, he will not attain Buddhahood. As his vow is the greatest, he is also known as The Great Vow Bodhisattva.Source: Buddhist Door: GlossaryKsitigarbha (Chinese: Ti tsang; Japanese: Jizo) is worshipped as a savior to those condemned to the torments of hell. Since the 10th century, he as been portrayed as a young, itinerant monk who carries a pilgrims staff and a wish granting jewel. On a popular level, he is also believed to assist the wayward souls of deceased children.Source: The Art of Asia: Who is Who in Heaven
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Search found 11 books and stories containing Kshitigarbha, Kṣitigarbha or Ksitigarbha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chapter 13 - Entrusting People and Devas < [Scroll 2]
Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva fundamental vow sutra (by Johnny Yu)
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)
The gods of northern Buddhism (by Alice Getty)
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 4a.3 - Meditating on the deities < [B. The explanation of meditation practice, together with its action of ripening and freeing]
Part 4a.4 - How to meditate on the great mandala of the environment and inhabitants < [B. The explanation of meditation practice, together with its action of ripening and freeing]
Part 2b.2 - The two individual explanations of shamatha and vipashyana < [B. The teaching of the three factors of immovable samadhis]