Kshitija, Kṣitija, Kshiti-ja, Kṣitijā: 8 definitions

Introduction

Kshitija means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṣitija and Kṣitijā can be transliterated into English as Ksitija or Kshitija, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Kṣitija (क्षितिज).—1. Mars. 2. Horizon (kṣitija vṛtta). Note: Kṣitija is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

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Kṣitijā (क्षितिजा).—(also known as kṣitijyā) Earth-sine. The distance between the rising-setting line and the line joining the points of intersection of the diurnal circle and the six o'clock circle, or the R sine thereof. Note: Kṣitijā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Kṣitija (क्षितिज) refers to a “tree”, as mentioned in a list of twenty-five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Kṣitija] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣitija (क्षितिज).—n S The horizon (rational).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣitija (क्षितिज).—n The horizon.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣitija (क्षितिज).—

1) a tree; गिरिप्रकाशान् क्षिति- जान् भञ्जेयमनिलो यथा (giriprakāśān kṣiti- jān bhañjeyamanilo yathā) Mb.7.197.19.

2) an earth worm.

3) the planet Mars.

4) Name of the demon Naraka killed by Viṣṇu. Śi.8.15.

-jam the horizon.

- an epithet of Sītā.

Derivable forms: kṣitijaḥ (क्षितिजः).

Kṣitija is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣiti and ja (ज). See also (synonyms): kṣitiruha, kṣitisuta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣitija (क्षितिज).—mfn.

(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Earth-born, produced of or in the earth. m.

(-jaḥ) 1. Mars. 2. The demon Naraka. 3. An earthworm. f.

(-jā) Sita. E. kṣiti, and ja born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣitija (क्षितिज).—[kṣiti-ja] (vb. jan) I. adj. Sprung from the earth, [Suśruta] 1, 224, 9. Ii. m. A tree, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 76, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣitija (क्षितिज):—[=kṣiti-ja] [from kṣiti > kṣi] mfn. earth-born, produced of or in the earth, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a tree, [Mahābhārata iii, 10248; Rāmāyaṇa vi, 76, 2]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of snail or earth-worm (bhū-nāga), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] ‘earth-son’, Name of the planet Mars, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka; Gaṇitādhyāya]

5) [v.s. ...] of the demon Naraka, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) Kṣitijā (क्षितिजा):—[=kṣiti-jā] [from kṣiti-ja > kṣiti > kṣi] f. Name of Sītā (the wife of Rāma), [Horace H. Wilson]

7) Kṣitija (क्षितिज):—[=kṣiti-ja] [from kṣiti > kṣi] n. the horizon, [Āryabhaṭa; Sūryasiddhānta]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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