Kshiroda, Kṣīroda, Kṣīrodā, Kshira-uda: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Kshiroda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṣīroda and Kṣīrodā can be transliterated into English as Ksiroda or Kshiroda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kshiroda in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद) is the name of a river mentioned in a list of rivers, flowing from the five great mountains (Śailavarṇa, Mālākhya, Korajaska, Triparṇa and Nīla), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82. Those who drink the waters of these rivers live for ten thousand years and become devotees of Rudra and Umā.

One of the five mountains situated near Bhadrāśva, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82. The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, instructions for religious ceremonies and a whole range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The original text is said to have been composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद) refers to the “ocean of milk” which is where Dakṣa went to perform his penance, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.12. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] At my bidding, the intelligent Dakṣa the great chief controlled his mind and went to worship the Goddess, the mother of the universe, with that cherished desire. He went to the northern shore of the ocean of milk (kṣīroda-uttara) and began to perform the penance, keeping the mother of the universe in his heart. He wished to see the Goddess in person. For three thousand divine years he performed the penance with good sacred rites, controlling his mind and keeping himself pure”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद).—The milk ocean encircling Śākadvīpa; (Krauñca, Bhāgavata-purāṇa, Kuśa, Matsya-purāṇa); churning of, for amṛta;1 cursed by Brāhmaṇas to be deprived of all drinkable water; here lies Hari in yoganidra guarded by Garuḍa. Viṣṇu in the form of Ādikūrma.2 Encircles Trikūṭa;3 Śuka to Parīkṣit on the legend of the churning of ocean.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 1. 33; 20. 18; X. [65. (v) 24]. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 102; 21. 71; 25. 45. Matsya-purāṇa 122. 49; 124. 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 37-41; 54. 49; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 71.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [52 (v) 7; 10]; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 27. 25; III. 69. 32; 72. 21; IV. 9. 46 and 60.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 2. 1; 4. 18.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 11-15.

2) Kṣīrodā (क्षीरोदा).—A river of the Bhadrā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 29.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद) refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.9.15). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kṣīroda) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद) [or Kṣīrasamudra?] refers to a country belonging to “Prāñc or Prāgdeśa (far-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya represent the eastern division consisting of [i.e., Kṣīroda] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद) refers to the “ocean of milk”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.23-25a]—“Delighted, [the Mantrin] should visualize [the jīva] in his own or someone else’s [body] as being flooded by waves of amṛta, in the middle of a lotus on the ocean of milk (kṣīroda-padmamadhyastha), enclosed between two moons one above and one below, enclosed by the syllables saḥ, etc. He [visualizes his] body, beautiful inside and out, filled with nectar. [He is] freed without exertion and without trouble, and liberated from any sickness”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद) is the name of a Nāga mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kṣīroda).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद) is the shorter name for Kṣīrodasamudra, an ocean (samudra) surrouding the continent (dvīpa) known as Kṣīravara (or, Kṣīravaradvīpa), according to Jain cosmology. Kṣīroda and Kṣīravara are situated in the middle-world (madhyaloka), which contains innumerable concentric continents (dvīpa), each surrounded by their own ocean. The middle-world, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.

Kṣīroda is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद).—cf. [P.VI.3.57 Vārt.]

1) the sea of milk; क्षीरोदवेलव सफेन- पुञ्जा (kṣīrodavelava saphena- puñjā) Kumārasambhava 7.26. °तनयः, °नन्दनः, °तनया, °सुता (tanayaḥ, °nandanaḥ, °tanayā, °sutā) an epithet of Lakṣmī.

Derivable forms: kṣīrodaḥ (क्षीरोदः).

Kṣīroda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣīra and uda (उद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद).—name of a nāga king: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 18.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद).—m.

(-daḥ) The sea of milk. E. kṣīra milk, and uda water: it also implies the sea in general.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद).—[masculine] = kṣīrasamudra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद):—[from kṣīra] a m. ([Pāṇini 6-3, 57], [vArttika]) (= ra-dhi) the ocean of milk, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa 12834; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Kumāra-sambhava; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] b [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] dati to become the ocean of milk, [Subhāṣitāvali]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīroda (क्षीरोद):—(daḥ) 1. m. The sea of milk.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣīrodā (क्षीरोदा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khīroā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshiroda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣīrōda (ಕ್ಷೀರೋದ):—

1) [noun] = ಕ್ಷೀರೋದಕ [kshirodaka].

2) [noun] (myth.) the Milk-Ocean.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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